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Between political controversy and administrative efficiency
Kenneth A. Armstrong and Simon Bulmer

2444Ch17 3/12/02 17 2:07 pm Page 388 Kenneth A. Armstrong and Simon Bulmer The United Kingdom: between political controversy and administrative efficiency Introduction: once a latecomer always a latecomer? European integration has represented one of the most fundamental challenges for politics in the United Kingdom since 1945. Integration has highlighted the problems of, and possibilities for, the re-orientation of foreign policy as part of the United Kingdom’s post-war descent from world power status. The ‘Monnet method’ of supranational integration

in Fifteen into one?
The Women’s National Commission
Wendy Stokes

184 CASE STUDIES 9 The government of the United Kingdom: the Women’s National Commission1 wendy stokes Introduction There have been two significant stages in the creation of national machineries for women within government in the United Kingdom. The first phase was in the 1960s and 1970s, when anti-discrimination and equal pay legislation was accompanied by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Commissions (EOC) in England, Scotland and Wales, and the UK-wide Women’s National Commission (WNC). The governments of the 1980s and 1990s established a Minister for

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Vaccine scares, statesmanship and the media
Andrea Stöckl and Anna Smajdor

9 The MMR debate in the United Kingdom: vaccine scares, statesmanship and the media Andrea Stöckl and Anna Smajdor Introduction In 1998, British surgeon and researcher Andrew Wakefield published a paper in the British journal The Lancet , suggesting that there was a link between the triple vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) and the development of

in The politics of vaccination
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This book explores the new applications of established theories or adapts theoretical approaches in order to illuminate behaviour in the field of food. It focuses on social processes at the downstream end of the food chain, processes of distribution and consumption. The book reviews the existing disciplinary approaches to understanding judgements about food taste. It suggests that the quality 'halal' is the result of a social and economic consensus between the different generations and cultures of migrant Muslims as distinct from the non-Muslim majority. Food quality is to be viewed in terms of emergent cognitive paradigms sustained within food product networks that encompass a wide range of social actors with a wide variety of intermediaries, professional and governmental. The creation of the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) occurred at a juncture when perceptions of policy failure were acknowledged at United Kingdom and European Union governmental levels. The book presents a case study of retailer-led food governance in the UK to examine how different 'quality logics' actually collide in the competitive world of food consumption and production. It argues that concerns around food safety were provoked by the emergence of a new food aesthetic based on 'relationalism' and 'embeddedness'. The book also argues that the study of the arguments and discourses deployed to criticise or otherwise qualify consumption is important to the political morality of consumption.

The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace

Principles ? Humanitarian Outcomes United Kingdom . Healy , S. and Tiller , S. ( 2014 ), Where is Everyone? Responding to Emergencies in the Most Difficult Places Médecins Sans Frontières London . Humanitarian Practice Network ( 2010 ), Operational Security Management in Violent Environments Good Practice Review 8, HPN London . Jackson , A. and Zyck , S. ( 2017 ), Presence & Proximity: To Stay and Deliver, Five Years On Norwegian Refugee Council, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and Jindal School of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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John Mceldowney

100 DISCIPLINES 7 Law john mceldowney This chapter offers a legal perspective on democratization by focusing on a tightly linked set of issues straddling the border between political and judicial power as they have arisen in, first, the United Kingdom, second, Britain’s relationship with the European Union, and third, the wider international system. The discussion illustrates the claim that no analysis of democratization can be complete without taking into account the dimension of judicial power and its implications for democratic accountability even, perhaps

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Thomas Robb

Puerto Rico June 1976: Treasury Briefing Papers, ABP, Box B62, GFL.   23 Notes from Scott Pardee on the cable from Bank of England, 6 June 1976, File: United Kingdom: Loan from Group of Ten 1976, ABP, Box B113, GFL.  24 TNA: CAB 134/4025 EY(76) 5th Meeting, Ministerial Committee on Economic Strategy, Minutes of a Meeting held at 10 Downing Street, 7 June 1976.   25 Memorandum for the President from Edwin Yeo III, 24 June 1976, File: International Economic Summit Puerto Rico June 1976: Treasury Briefing Papers, ABP, Box B62, GFL.  26 Summary of Discussion by William

in A strained partnership?
Norman Flynn

individual aspects, such as the ‘first employment contract’ changes proposed in 2006, which would have removed employment protection in the first two years’ employment from workers under 25 years old, but was then dropped after mass protests. United Kingdom The welfare system in the UK has its origins in the Liberal governments of 1906–14, which introduced an unemployment insurance scheme and mutual health insurance societies. The health and unemployment insurance systems were consolidated at the end of the Second World War, providing a universal, free healthcare system, a

in In search of social democracy
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Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

contemporary Britain as a nation. Perhaps more accurately the United Kingdom should be considered as a ‘state’ made up of several ‘nations’, each of which is discussed in turn. This problem of nation and national identity can be investigated through a study of Northern Ireland, where issues of national and state identity have contributed to the political crisis. POINTS TO CONSIDER

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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Europe’s ‘zero hour’
Kjell M. Torbiörn

1 1945: Europe’s ‘zero hour’ History teaches us that men and nations behave wisely once they have exhausted 1 all other alternatives. (Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat) Summary At the end of World War II, Germany – formerly the dominant power in continental Europe – found itself under the occupation of the victorious powers: the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and France. Although tensions would soon arise between the two emerging superpowers – the United States and the Soviet Union – and lead to the division of Europe into two hostile blocs, the

in Destination Europe