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Nineteenth-century literary culture and the southern settler colonies

This collection brings together for the first time literary studies of British colonies in nineteenth-century Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, South America, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Drawing on hemispheric studies, Indigenous studies, and southern theory to decentre British and other European metropoles, the collection offers a latitudinal challenge to national paradigms and traditional literary periodisations and canons by proposing a new literary history of the region that is predicated less on metropolitan turning points and more on southern cultural perspectives in multiple regional centres from Cape Town to Dunedin. With a focus on southern orientations, southern audiences, and southern modes of addressivity, Worlding the south foregrounds marginal, minor, and neglected writers and texts across a hemispheric complex of southern oceans and terrains. Drawing on an ontological tradition that tests the dominance of networked theories of globalisation, the collection also asks how we can better understand the dialectical relationship between the ‘real’ world in which a literary text or art object exists and the symbolic or conceptual world it shows or creates. By examining the literary processes of ‘worlding’, it demonstrates how art objects make legible homogenising imperial and colonial narratives, inequalities of linguistic power, textual and material violence, and literary and cultural resistance. With contributions from leading scholars in nineteenth-century literary and cultural studies, the collection revises literary histories of the ‘British world’ by arguing for the distinctiveness of settler colonialism in the southern hemisphere, and by incorporating Indigenous, diasporic, settler, and other southern perspectives.

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Southern worlds, globes, and spheres
Sarah Comyn and Porscha Fermanis

’, ‘geopolitical’, ‘worldly’, and ‘global’ methodologies currently invigorating Victorian studies, Tanya Agathocleous argues that adopting a ‘geographically expansive conception’ of the field can produce both a ‘heightened sense of the artifice of boundaries’ and a ‘powerful and empowering’ ‘disorientation’ that encourages us as scholars to embrace ‘new vantage points’. 68 The ‘global turn’ in Romantic and Victorian studies has certainly stimulated a critical reappraisal of both fields over the last two decades, with scholars exploring the relationship between aesthetics

in Worlding the south
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Melissa Dickson, Emilie Taylor-Brown, and Sally Shuttleworth

, and temperance. The concept of self-help, largely associated in Victorian studies with the work of Scottish writer and government reformer Samuel Smiles (1812–1904) whose Self Help , published in 1859, sold a quarter of a million copies in his lifetime, permeated British and American cultures well beyond Smiles's works. 37 As cultural fears of degeneration and race suicide became widespread, and the middle classes were increasingly seen as subject to the ‘modern illnesses’ of neurasthenia and dyspepsia, the Fowlers

in Progress and pathology
Nonconformist religion in nineteenth-century pacifism
Heloise Brown

gradually became less significant than the emerging range of secular campaigns and, despite the overrepresentation of nonconformist women in the feminist movement, it was to the secular organisations – rather than the nonconformist Peace Society – that many of these women were drawn. The following chapter explores why this was the case. 56 nonconformist religion Notes 1 Eric W. Sager, ‘The social origins of Victorian pacifism’, Victorian Studies 23:2 (Winter 1980), p. 220. 2 Caine, Victorian Feminists, pp. 12–13, 162–3. 3 David Bebbington, Evangelicalism in Modern

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Queen Victoria, photography and film at the fin de siècle
Ian Christie

Media Monarch ’, Victorian Studies 46:3 (Spring 2004 ), p. 520. 3 Bill Jay, ‘Queen Victoria’s second passion: royal patronage of photography in the 19th century’ ( 1988 ), in Jay’s articles online, www.billjayonphotography.com/QnVictoria2ndPassion.pdf . The date of her proposal is corroborated by Christopher Hibbert in Queen Victoria: A Personal Biography

in The British monarchy on screen
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Cultural geographies of poetry in colonial Aotearoa
Nikki Hessell

Kōhere, ‘Charge of Bias against Judges J. Harvey and E. M. Beechey’. 19 NANZ, Wellington, MA1 Box 111, Petition No. 98/1929, p. 1, petition by Rēweti Tūhorouta Kōhere et al. 20 NANZ, Wellington, MA1 Box 111, Petition No. 87/1930, pp. 1–2, petition by Rēweti Tūhorouta Kōhere et al. 21 Meredith Martin, ‘“Imperfectly Civilized”: Ballads, Nations, and Histories of Form’, ELH , 82:2 (2015), 360. 22 Martin, ‘“Imperfectly Civilized”: Ballads, Nations, and Histories of Form’, 357. 23 Catherine Hall, ‘Macaulay’s Nation’, Victorian Studies , 51:3 (2009

in Worlding the south
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The use of character evidence in Victorian sodomy trials
H. G. Cocks

Public Record Office, Kew (hereafter PRO) HO 17–19, register of criminal petitions. See H. G. Cocks, ‘ “Abominable crimes”: sodomy trials in English law and culture, 1830–1889’, (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Manchester, 1998), pp. 260–1 for a list of the petitions. 7 Character evidence was very important in other forms of sexual assault as well. Carolyn Conley has noted its prominence in Victorian rape trials, where the ‘fundamental consideration’ was ‘the perceived character of the accused’. Carolyn Conley, ‘Rape and justice in Victorian England’, Victorian

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
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The growth and measurement of British public education since the early nineteenth century
David Vincent

Postal, Année 1913, Berne: Union Postale Universelle Vincent, David (1989). Literacy and Popular Culture: England 1750–1914, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Vincent, David (1998). The Culture of Secrecy: Britain 1832–1998, Oxford: Oxford University Press Vincent, David (2000). The Rise of Mass Literacy, Cambridge: Polity Vincent, David (2003). ‘The progress of literacy’, Victorian Studies 45(3): 405–31 Vincent, David (2004). ‘Literacy literacy’, Interchange 34(2-3): 341–57 Whitehead, Margaret (2001). ‘The concept of physical literacy’, British Journal of Teaching

in History, historians and development policy
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The hygienic utopia in Jules Verne, Camille Flammarion, and William Morris
Manon Mathias

reflection has emerged, particularly within Victorian studies, on the interconnected topics of dirt, filth, waste, and human response to these phenomena, disgust. 12 Early nineteenth-century hygienist debates on the spread of disease targeted excrement particularly within working-class quarters, as has been noted by historians such as Christopher Hamlin and William Cohen. 13 The centrality of excrement within the broader development of

in Progress and pathology
The island as collective in the works of Louis Becke
Jennifer Fuller

’, meaning to live with the girl without the European rites of marriage. I provide a reading of the violence in Becke’s work and how it relates to codes of colonial civility in ‘Terror in the South Seas: Violence, Relationships and the Works of Louis Becke’, Australasian Journal of Victorian Studies , 20:2 (2015), 42–57. 45 Smith, Intimate Strangers , p. 241. 46 David Northrup, ‘Migration from Asia, Africa and the South Pacific’, in Andrew Porter (ed.), The Oxford History of the British Empire Vol. 3: The Nineteenth Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press

in Worlding the south