This collection brings together for the first time literary studies of British
colonies in nineteenth-century Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, South
America, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Drawing on hemispheric
studies, Indigenous studies, and southern theory to decentre British and other
European metropoles, the collection offers a latitudinal challenge to national
paradigms and traditional literary periodisations and canons by proposing a new
literary history of the region that is predicated less on metropolitan turning
points and more on southern cultural perspectives in multiple regional centres
from Cape Town to Dunedin. With a focus on southern orientations, southern
audiences, and southern modes of addressivity, Worlding the south foregrounds
marginal, minor, and neglected writers and texts across a hemispheric complex of
southern oceans and terrains. Drawing on an ontological tradition that tests the
dominance of networked theories of globalisation, the collection also asks how
we can better understand the dialectical relationship between the ‘real’ world
in which a literary text or art object exists and the symbolic or conceptual
world it shows or creates. By examining the literary processes of ‘worlding’, it
demonstrates how art objects make legible homogenising imperial and colonial
narratives, inequalities of linguistic power, textual and material violence, and
literary and cultural resistance. With contributions from leading scholars in
nineteenth-century literary and cultural studies, the collection revises
literary histories of the ‘British world’ by arguing for the distinctiveness of
settler colonialism in the southern hemisphere, and by incorporating Indigenous,
diasporic, settler, and other southern perspectives.
’, ‘geopolitical’, ‘worldly’, and ‘global’ methodologies currently invigorating Victorianstudies, Tanya Agathocleous argues that adopting a ‘geographically expansive conception’ of the field can produce both a ‘heightened sense of the artifice of boundaries’ and a ‘powerful and empowering’ ‘disorientation’ that encourages us as scholars to embrace ‘new vantage points’. 68 The ‘global turn’ in Romantic and Victorianstudies has certainly stimulated a critical reappraisal of both fields over the last two decades, with scholars exploring the relationship between aesthetics
Melissa Dickson, Emilie Taylor-Brown, and Sally Shuttleworth
, and temperance. The concept of self-help, largely associated in Victorianstudies with the work of Scottish writer and government reformer Samuel Smiles (1812–1904) whose Self Help , published in 1859, sold a quarter of a million copies in his lifetime, permeated British and American cultures well beyond Smiles's works.
As cultural fears of degeneration and race suicide became widespread, and the middle classes were increasingly seen as subject to the ‘modern illnesses’ of neurasthenia and dyspepsia, the Fowlers
Nonconformist religion in nineteenth-century pacifism
gradually became less
significant than the emerging range of secular campaigns and, despite the
overrepresentation of nonconformist women in the feminist movement,
it was to the secular organisations – rather than the nonconformist
Peace Society – that many of these women were drawn. The following
chapter explores why this was the case.
1 Eric W. Sager, ‘The social origins of Victorian pacifism’, VictorianStudies 23:2
(Winter 1980), p. 220.
2 Caine, Victorian Feminists, pp. 12–13, 162–3.
3 David Bebbington, Evangelicalism in Modern
Queen Victoria, photography and film at the fin de siècle
Media Monarch ’, VictorianStudies 46:3 (Spring 2004 ), p. 520.
Bill Jay, ‘Queen Victoria’s second passion:
royal patronage of photography in the 19th century’ ( 1988 ), in Jay’s articles online, www.billjayonphotography.com/QnVictoria2ndPassion.pdf . The date
of her proposal is corroborated by Christopher Hibbert in Queen
Victoria: A Personal Biography
The use of character evidence in Victorian sodomy trials
H. G. Cocks
Public Record Office, Kew (hereafter PRO) HO 17–19, register of criminal
petitions. See H. G. Cocks, ‘ “Abominable crimes”: sodomy trials in English law
and culture, 1830–1889’, (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Manchester, 1998),
pp. 260–1 for a list of the petitions.
7 Character evidence was very important in other forms of sexual assault as well.
Carolyn Conley has noted its prominence in Victorian rape trials, where the
‘fundamental consideration’ was ‘the perceived character of the accused’. Carolyn
Conley, ‘Rape and justice in Victorian England’, Victorian
The growth and measurement of British public education since the early nineteenth century
Postal, Année 1913, Berne: Union
Vincent, David (1989). Literacy and Popular Culture: England 1750–1914, Cambridge: Cambridge
Vincent, David (1998). The Culture of Secrecy: Britain 1832–1998, Oxford: Oxford University
Vincent, David (2000). The Rise of Mass Literacy, Cambridge: Polity
Vincent, David (2003). ‘The progress of literacy’, VictorianStudies 45(3): 405–31
Vincent, David (2004). ‘Literacy literacy’, Interchange 34(2-3): 341–57
Whitehead, Margaret (2001). ‘The concept of physical literacy’, British Journal of Teaching
The hygienic utopia in Jules Verne, Camille Flammarion, and William
reflection has emerged, particularly within Victorianstudies, on the interconnected topics of dirt, filth, waste, and human response to these phenomena, disgust.
Early nineteenth-century hygienist debates on the spread of disease targeted excrement particularly within working-class quarters, as has been noted by historians such as Christopher Hamlin and William Cohen.
The centrality of excrement within the broader development of
The island as collective in the works of Louis Becke
’, meaning to live with the girl without the European rites of marriage. I provide a reading of the violence in Becke’s work and how it relates to codes of colonial civility in ‘Terror in the South Seas: Violence, Relationships and the Works of Louis Becke’, Australasian Journal of VictorianStudies , 20:2 (2015), 42–57.
45 Smith, Intimate Strangers , p. 241.
46 David Northrup, ‘Migration from Asia, Africa and the South Pacific’, in Andrew Porter (ed.), The Oxford History of the British Empire Vol. 3: The Nineteenth Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press