Open Access (free)
Bloomsbury attitudes to the Great War
Author: Jonathan Atkin

The Great War still haunts us. This book draws together examples of the ‘aesthetic pacifism’ practised during the Great War by such celebrated individuals as Virginia Woolf, Siegfried Sassoon and Bertrand Russell. It also tells the stories of those less well known who shared the attitudes of the Bloomsbury Group when it came to facing the first ‘total war’. The five-year research for this study gathered evidence from all the major archives in Great Britain and abroad in order to paint a complete picture of this unique form of anti-war expression. The narrative begins with the Great War's effect on philosopher-pacifist Bertrand Russell and Cambridge University.

Wharton,Woolf and the nature of Modernism
Katherine Joslin

10 ‘Embattled tendencies’: Wharton, Woolf and the nature of Modernism Katherine Joslin Edith Wharton eyed Bloomsbury as an intellectually remote and morally murky world, admiring only one of its members, Lytton Strachey. After Mary Berenson urged her to read Virginia Woolf ’s Orlando in 1928, Wharton responded viscerally to the advertising photographs of Woolf, claiming the images made her ‘quite ill’. The novel’s portrait of Vita Sackville-West, who had had an affair with Wharton’s friend Geoffrey Scott just prior to her liaison with Woolf, pressed a nerve: ‘I

in Special relationships
Open Access (free)
Jonathan Atkin

visiting Leonard and Virginia Woolf. Virginia, worried at his state, described him thus: ‘This war seems to possess him to leave little over. In fact he looked shrunk and worn’.18 Despite resigning his lectureship in 1920, disillusioned and worn out by his experiences during the war, Dickinson continued his literary campaign against conflict in the following years, writing in 1923 that ‘War, it is often said by its apologists, is not the greatest of evils. To me, on the contrary, it appears to be precisely that, if only because, in addition to its own evil, it includes

in A war of individuals
Open Access (free)
Jonathan Atkin

Clair Stobart. Finally, in order to show that Bloomsbury attitudes existed (consciously or unconsciously) farther away still from the scribbled thoughts of Virginia Woolf, Lytton Strachey and their friends, we will meet individuals who now live only in the memories of descendants or in bundles of papers and battered leather diaries stored carefully in archives around the world. 4 A war of individuals To accomplish this scope of research, a wide range of source materials were consulted. These included published memoirs and accounts of personal experience, public

in A war of individuals
Open Access (free)
Heloise Brown

patriotism.’16 The common ground between these liberal perspectives and their Evangelical equivalents described above was a vision of universalism, a humanity that transcended all other considerations. Primarily, however, it was conceptions of international citizenship that gathered pace in the twentieth century and became more readily identified with feminist argument. Virginia Woolf ’s classic reformulation of women’s nationhood in Three Guineas epitomised this approach, and popularised the idea that women experienced their nationalism and patriotism in very different

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
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Quentin Crisp as Orlando’s Elizabeth I
Glyn Davis

Sally Potter’s Orlando , an adaptation of Virginia Woolf’s 1928 novel, first screened at film festivals in 1992, before being released in cinemas internationally in 1993. The film opens in 1600, with Orlando (Tilda Swinton) serving as a poet and page in the court of Queen Elizabeth I (Quentin Crisp). Crisp’s appearance in Orlando is fleeting. The role, in its brevity, is

in The British monarchy on screen
Open Access (free)
Janet Beer and Bridget Bennett

productive and exciting of recent years. They are engaged with a variety of Anglo-American conjunctions. These extend from actual and intellectual encounters, readings or re-readings, professional and national rivalries and parallel activities. Some individuals only met each other on the printed page, some met face to face. Figures who should have met in person, like Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Sarah Grand, working with the same people and ideas but on different sides of the Atlantic, meet only in these pages. Similarly, Edith Wharton and Virginia Woolf expressed their

in Special relationships
Open Access (free)
Mandy Merck

, Quentin Crisp appeared on cinema screens as Elizabeth I in Sally Potter’s adaptation of Virginia Woolf’s Orlando ; the following year he provided the ‘Alternative Queen’s Message’ on Britain’s Channel 4 television on Christmas Day, in direct competition with Elizabeth II’s own holiday address. The late 1980s and early 1990s had heralded a shift away from the lesbian and gay politics that had arisen in the 1970s towards a more

in The British monarchy on screen
Open Access (free)
Sara Haslam

). The scene is that of being overshadowed when a child by the Victorian Great Figures (Turgenev, Rossetti, Swinburne amongst them), an intensely visual scene that recurs throughout his autobiography (for Virginia Woolf, too, there was a strongly visual component to mental collapse23). It was the imagined sight of an ‘Implacable Face’ that precipitated his second major breakdown in 1911; Ford’s ability as an ‘halluciné’, one that extended into his often intensely visual prose, was at times a crippling one. Ancient Lights was published in this year, and it is a text in

in Fragmenting modernism
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Intimate relations
Irina Dumitrescu

As the centuries go by, there is always a crowd before that picture, gazing into its depths, seeing their own faces reflected in it, seeing more the longer they look, never being able to say quite what it is that they see. Virginia Woolf 1 For years, it was not clear if Beowulf and Andreas were dating or had simply found

in Dating Beowulf