Open Access (free)
Cas Mudde

chap4 28/5/02 13.32 Page 87 4 Vlaams Blok The establishment of an anti-Establishment party On 28 May 1979 the VNP was disbanded and the political party Vlaams Blok (Flemish Block, VB) was founded as a fusion of the VNP and the nationalist wing of the VVP (Gijsels 1992: 88; Dewinter and Van Overmeire 1993: 91–3). Dillen (VNP) became party leader and Piet Bocken (VVP) deputy leader. Shortly thereafter Bocken was replaced by Roeland Raes (VVP), who continues to fill this post in 1999. For the first few years the VB remained a small splinter party that drew its

in The ideology of the extreme right
Author: Cas Mudde

This book provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the five main parties of the extreme right in the Netherlands (Centrumdemocraten, Centrumpartij), Belgium (Vlaams Blok), and Germany (Die Republikaner, Deutsche Volksunion). Using primary research — including internal party documents — it concludes that rather than right-wing and extremist, the core ideology of these parties is xenophobic nationalist, including also a mix of law and order and welfare chauvinism. The author's research and conclusions have broader implications for the study of the extreme-right phenomenon and party ideology in general.

Open Access (free)
‘Eigen volk eerst!’
Cas Mudde

brought forward to December 1978. The VVP was prepared to enter into such a merger, for the duration of the election only, but laid claim to a dominant role in the election list. This was, in fact, what happened, and in December the two anti-Egmont parties campaigned for a joint list of candidates under the name Vlaams Blok. The list was dominated by the VVP both in terms of ideology and candidates, but to everyone’s surprise only Dillen, whose followers had persuaded him to stand for the list in Antwerp, managed to win a seat in Parliament. Claes failed in his bid to

in The ideology of the extreme right
Open Access (free)
Geoffrey K. Roberts and Patricia Hogwood

)/Venstre VAS Left Alliance (Finland)/Vasemmistoliitto VB Flemish Bloc (Belgium)/Vlaams Blok VL Green Union (Finland)/Vihreä Liitto VLD Flemish Liberals and Democrats – Citizens’ Party (Belgium)/Vlaamse Liberalen en Demokraten – Partij van de Burger VP Left Party (Sweden)/Vänsterpartiet VU People’s Union (Belgium: Flemish-speaking)/Volksunie VVD People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy (Netherlands

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
Cas Mudde

are still regarded as pariahs in most countries, some extreme right parties have established themselves, at the least, as politically important pariahs, as, for instance, the French Front National (National Front, FN) and the Belgian Vlaams Blok (Flemish Block, VB). In Italy the Alleanza Nazionale (National Alliance, AN) was the first West European extreme right party of the post-war period to make it into government. The extreme right has become a relevant factor in West European politics both within the party system and outside of it (as, for example, the extreme

in The ideology of the extreme right
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Europeanisation and Belgian federalism
Christian Franck, Hervé Leclercq and Claire Vandevievere

proposal for institutional reforms. In the Senate on 4 June 1998, 49 members voted in favour of the Treaty of Amsterdam and 13 voted against. In the Chamber of Representatives on 9 July 1998, 105 members voted in favour 2444Ch3 3/12/02 72 2:02 pm Page 72 Member States and the European Union and 23 voted against. In party terms, the Social-Christians, Socialists and Liberals voted in favour while the Green Party voted against. Also voting negatively were ‘Volksunie’, a party that favours Flemish autonomy, and the ‘Vlaams Blok’, the separatist and extreme

in Fifteen into one?
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Kjell M. Torbiörn

between these two philosophies will be a dominant theme in European politics in the years to come. The Flemish Vlaams Blok in Belgium, the Northern League in Italy and many similar parties in Central and Eastern Europe have substantial followings. The aims of these parties differ. Some, such as the Vlaams Blok and the Northern League mainly seek greater autonomy (or even eventual independence) for Flanders and northern Italy, respectively. Others want the redrawing of national borders to include kin minorities now outside them. Regional autonomy or independence

in Destination Europe