Open Access (free)
James Baldwin’s Pragmatist Aesthetics
Rohan Ghatage

This essay establishes a philosophical connection between James Baldwin and the philosopher William James by investigating how the pragmatist protocol against “vicious intellectualism” offers Baldwin a key resource for thinking through how anti-black racism might be dismantled. While Richard Wright had earlier denounced pragmatism for privileging experience over knowledge, and thereby offering the black subject no means for redressing America’s constitutive hierarchies, uncovering the current of Jamesian thought that runs through Baldwin’s essays brings into view his attempt to move beyond epistemology as the primary framework for inaugurating a future unburdened by the problem of the color line. Although Baldwin indicts contemporaneous arrangements of knowledge for producing the most dehumanizing forms of racism, he does not simply attempt to rewrite the enervating meanings to which black subjects are given. Articulating a pragmatist sensibility at various stages of his career, Baldwin repeatedly suggests that the imagining and creation of a better world is predicated upon rethinking the normative value accorded to knowledge in the practice of politics. The provocative challenge that Baldwin issues for his reader is to cease the well-established privileging of knowledge, and to instead stage the struggle for freedom within an aesthetic, rather than epistemological, paradigm.

James Baldwin Review
Open Access (free)
Gertrude Stein and Alfred North Whitehead
Kate Fullbrook

, William James’ – and the French philosopher revered by Stein, Whitehead and James alike: Henri Bergson.16 All four thinkers are deeply concerned with the nature of time and process and with their impact on personal and cultural identity. All are fascinated with the delineation of the modern. And all believed that their current world deviated from that which had gone before in significant, even epochal ways. When considering Stein, it is wise to remember that her university education prepared her equally for careers in science and in philosophy. As an undergraduate at

in Special relationships
Open Access (free)
Sara Haslam

from discussion in the Introduction, that consciousness alone manifests multiple and distinct strands. When ‘the fathomless workings of the mind’ are introduced, the image becomes more complex still. Psychology, psychoanalysis, literature Psychology was the new science in this period. (It needed to be; Roy Porter points out that ‘by 1900, it was fashionable to be neurasthenic’, and that ‘eminent Victorians positively revelled in hypochondria . . . and hysteria’.3) Even William James, who described consciousness as ‘a stream’ that ‘does not appear to itself to be

in Fragmenting modernism
Open Access (free)
Retrieving a ‘Global’ American Philosopher
John Narayan

, anything more quintessentially American than Dewey and his brand of philosophical pragmatism. This view is common amongst various critical interpreters of Dewey’s work, who saw pragmatism as a foil for American capitalism (Westbrook 2005: 139–41). Famously, Bertrand Russell (1909) labelled the work of Dewey and his fellow philosophical pragmatists, such as William James and Charles Sanders Pierce, as little more than the philosophical accomplice to American corporate capitalism. This viewpoint was repeated by Lewis Mumford (1926: 77) in the 1920s, who charged Dewey and

in John Dewey
Martin McIvor

the developing interrelation of legal domination and economic exploitation, and of capitalism – in the form it was then taking – as a profoundly political construction. And the corresponding interconnection of republican self-governance and collective economic regulation was pursued and developed through William James Linton’s English Republic and the early formation of the Social Democratic Federation. Similar continuities can be seen in the development of socialism in France. In the 1840s Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, an ardent (if idiosyncratic) follower of Rousseau

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
Mladen Dolar

emerges through all this is a literature of pure enunciation, yet an enunciation which most carnally brings forth the body.20 There is a traditional way of dealing with the inner voice under the heading of ‘the stream of consciousness’. The term, stemming from William James’s Principles of Psychology (1890), was first applied to Dorothy Richardson’s Pilgrimage, then to William’s brother Henry, and to Joyce, Woolf and a number of other modernist writers, thus becoming like a trademark of the modernist novel. As far as Beckett is concerned, the term is misleading and

in Beckett and nothing
Christine E. Hallett

certain of the statements, and particularly some strictures had been a little mollified’.17 During her training at Johns Hopkins La Motte may have become acquainted with Gertrude Stein (who was, at that time, a medical student at the hospital). Stein, one of the most remarkable intellects of her time, did not complete her medical training, but went on, instead, to study psychology with William James, and then to pursue a career as a writer. She developed an extraordinary style that was later to be viewed as an important strand in the development of twentieth

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Open Access (free)
John Narayan

its consequences (LW2: 243). Building upon his prior engagement with Darwin’s theory of evolution and the psychology of William James, Dewey puts forward an argument for the social nature of both the self and morality. The foundation of this argument is that like all objects within nature, human beings exist in an environment where ‘conjoint, combined, associated action is a universal trait of the behaviour of things’ (LW2: 257). What we take to be human nature or what we take to be the human ‘self ’ is said by Dewey not to be an immutable property or instinct which

in John Dewey
Open Access (free)
Heterogeneous temporalities, algorithmic frames and subjective time in geomedia
Pablo Abend

. Following William James, the accuracy of the representation is of less importance than its ability to lead through successive signposts (James, 1996 [1907]). Thus, the navigational paradigm relativises indexicality until a ‘circulating reference’ (Latour, 1999: 24) becomes visible which enables varying degrees of resemblance of the signifier with the signified in an action space. The navigational approach assumes that map use in the digital age can be modelled as a trajectory along a chain of inscriptions, where each image is matched to the previous and the succeeding one

in Time for mapping
Maja Zehfuss

(Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1974): and J.L. Austin, How to Do Things With Words. The William James Lectures Delivered at Harvard University in 1955 (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1975). See also Jim George, Discourses of Global Politics. A Critical (Re)Introduction to International Relations (Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1994), pp. 142

in Mapping European security after Kosovo