This book deals with the institutional framework in post-socialist, after-empire spaces. It consists of nine case studies and two contributions of a more theoretical nature. Each of these analytical narratives sheds some light on the micro-politics of organised violence. After 1990, Serbs and Croats were competing over access to the resources needed for institution building and state building. Fear in turn triggered ethnic mobilisation. An 'unprofessional' riot of Serbs in the Krajina region developed into a professional war between Serbs and Croats in Croatia, in which several thousand died and several hundred thousand people were forcefully expelled from their homes. The Herceg-Bosnian style of resistance can be surprisingly effective. It is known that most of the heroin transported along the Balkans route passes through the hands of Albanian mafia groups; that this traffic has taken off since summer 1999. The concept of Staatnation is based on the doctrine according to which each 'nation' must have its own territorial State and each State must consist of one 'nation' only. The slow decline and eventual collapse of the Soviet and the Yugoslav empires was partly triggered, partly accompanied by the quest for national sovereignty. Dagestan is notable for its ethnic diversity and, even by post-Soviet standards, its dramatic economic deprivation. The integrative potential of cooperative movements at the republican, the regional and the inter-state level for the Caucasus is analyzed. The book also offers insights into the economics of ending violence. Finally, it addresses the question of reconciliation after ethnic cleansing.
Potentials of disorder in the Caucasus and Yugoslavia
Jan Koehler and Christoph Zürcher
-political conﬂicts’. This term
implies that at the core of the organisation of violence lies the political aspirations of ethnically deﬁned groups. This is certainly not wrong: the slow decline
and eventual collapse of the Soviet and the Yugoslavempires was partly triggered, partly accompanied by the quest for national sovereignty, put forward by
the ideologists of many nationalities in the crumbling empires.
However, the label ‘ethno-political’ is in some respects more deceptive than
revealing. While all of these violent conﬂicts may have been fuelled by the aspirations of