How people and organizations create and manage excess

This book presents studies of ways in which people and organizations deal with the overflow of information, goods, or choices. The contributors explore two main themes. The first is the emergence of overflows: What is defined as overflow? Here the notion of framing as coined by Michel Callon has guided our approach. There is no overflow until some flow has been framed; framing means defining, and defining means imposing borders. Who does it, how, and why? The answer to these questions necessitates an historical and comparative approach. What one culture defines as necessity, another may see as excess, and these differences can exist even between different levels of the same social hierarchy. The second theme is the management of overflows, in the double meaning of the term: as controlling and as coping. Coping with overflow means learning to live with it; controlling overflow requires various skills and devices. The individual chapters show the management of overflow taking place in various social settings, periods, and political contexts: From the attempts of states to manage future consumption overflow in post-war Eastern European to the contemporary economies of sharing. Other contributions focus on overflow in healthcare administration, overflow problems in mass travel and migration, overflow in digital services, and the overflow that scholars face in dealing with an abundance of research information and publications. This edited volume belongs to the transdisciplinary social sciences, and therefore it should be of interest to sociologists, management scholars, economists, historians, anthropologists, and cultural studies scholars.

A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector

histories of humanitarianism in places like Exeter, Galway, Geneva, London, Mainz, Manchester, Milan, Oslo, Ottawa and Sheffield. The result was a growing conversation about humanitarianism’s past and its potential to shape our understanding of the present. Those discussions have centred on three themes. The first is an insistence on moving beyond what David Lewis termed the aid sector’s ‘perpetual present’: ‘a state characterised by an abundance of frequently changing language and “buzzwords”’ ( Lewis, 2009: 33 ; see also Borton and Davey, 2015 ). High rates of staff

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

analyses produced by the field, reducing the risk of being caught off-guard if the incident had repercussions for our teams or operations. Challenges NGO Internal Risk-Analysis Capacity Given the abundance of information and analysis produced by the security company, the United Nations Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS), various think tanks, like the International Crisis Group (ICG), and Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN, now The New Humanitarian), it was a challenge for the field teams to maintain their own analysis capacity based on diverse

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

. Having devoured, since the 1970s, the last areas of economic and institutional autonomy still outside of itself ( Sloterdijk, 2013 ), other than profitably recycle the precarity it now produces in abundance, so to speak, late-capitalism has no other future. Incorporating the Wired Slum For decades, the global South’s huge informal economies have dwarfed conventional economic activity ( Dunaway, 2014 ). Enabled by connectivity, the long downturn has encouraged late-capitalism to move beyond the South’s enclaves and the special economic zones

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Demand-side abundance and its discontents in Hungary during the long 1960s

1 Consumer and consumerism under state socialism: demand-side abundance and its discontents in Hungary during the long 1960s György Péteri1 Can consumption in state-socialist societies constitute a relevant field for the student of social issues related to overflow situations? So skeptical readers may wonder, and I cannot blame them. Of course, the first thing that comes to mind when thinking about these societies is shortages rather than excesses, insufficiency rather than plenty, a lack of almost everything rather than abundance. Indeed, shortages and their

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
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A surplus of ideas

Afterword: a surplus of ideas Richard Wilk When do we cross the border between enough and too much? When does a comfortable abundance become an oppressive surfeit? When does choice move from being a privilege to a burden? This book finishes up a series of three by the same editors which address these questions and more, exploring many aspects of excess, over-abundance, and overflow. These extremes might be the best way to characterize our world, populated by an almost unimaginable 8 billion people, hundreds of millions migrating and seeking refuge, where the

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
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letter from the Asante War (1873–74), six from the reconquest of the Sudan (1896–98) and a mere three from the South African War. More recent writing indicates that there is an abundance of material to sustain more focused research and writing on particular campaigns. 6 Utilising such evidence should not only add to our understanding of these operations but may also provide corroborating testimony

in The Victorian soldier in Africa
Diverse voices

This book focuses on the drama and poetry published since 1990. It also reflects upon related forms of creative work in this period, including film and the visual and performing arts. The book discusses some of the most topical issues which have emerged in Irish theatre since 1990. It traces the significance of the home in the poetry of Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin and Vona Groarke. The book also focuses on the reconfigurations of identity, and the complex intersections of nationality, gender and race in contemporary Ireland. It shows how Roddy Doyle's return to the repressed gives articulation to those left behind by globalisation. The book then examines the ways in which post-Agreement Northern fiction negotiates its bitter legacies. It also examines how the activity of creating art in a time of violence brings about an anxiety regarding the artist's role, and how it calls into question the ability to re-present atrocity. The book further explores the consideration of politics and ethics in Irish drama since 1990. It talks about the swirling abundance of themes and trends in contemporary Irish fiction and autobiography. The book shows that writing in the Irish Republic and in the North has begun to accommodate an increasing diversity of voices which address themselves not only to issues preoccupying their local audiences, but also to wider geopolitical concerns.

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survival guides containing instructions for coping with everyday overload. Dystopic visions of accelerating overflows come together with utopian longings for a more balanced, even minimalist life of order, neatness, and rationality, complete with such antidotes as ideas for achieving ‘the smart home’ and ‘the smart office’ – ways of managing overflow with the help of new technologies. Overflow and its acceleration in everyday life lead to a number of concerns about a wider societal change. How should abundance in domestic consumption and corporate finances be handled

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
On last animals and future bison

numbers that total 10 per cent or less of historical populations. MacKinnon cites how the world’s biggest fish, including tuna, cod and sharks, have been reduced to 10 per cent of abundance compared to levels in the recent past. A similar percentage of depletions applies to nearly all mammals across the globe, and most bird populations have also seen precipitous declines. Indeed, in many cases, 10 per cent would be an optimistic number. Statistics provided in The Atlas of Endangered Species note that giant tortoises in the Galapagos went from 250,000 in the 1500s to 15

in Literature and sustainability