legal accountability, has affected
our data-gathering and analytical purposes. By seeking ‘evidence’
instead of experiences, we risk overlooking the intrinsic value that providing
témoignage [‘witnessing’] on attacks has
as an act in itself, and how it can silence victims and witnesses in its own
(well-intended) manner. Finally, it questions whether these three key goals –
analysis, advocacy and accountability – are all equally well served in our current
existence. In practice, secrecy helps
shield local and international accountability, thus contributing to the
continuation of a system that diverts aid resources to criminal organisations,
their political sponsors and security and insurance companies. If there’s
one deterrent against potential kidnappers, as weak as it may be, it’s
publicising their crimes and their consequences.
Contrary to conventional wisdom, few political and military organisations
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace
, the scope of the interviewee pool allows for an examination of the policy discourse at the global level, especially among those disproportionately represented in policymaking. The majority of the interviews, 104 in total, were conducted remotely via Skype or telephone. Additional interviews, totalling 14, were undertaken in person in Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States), Dubai (United Arab Emirates), and Beirut and Byblos (Lebanon).
This article is divided into five sections. The first three sections examine, in turn, legal accountability efforts – or the lack
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell, and Dónal P. O’Mathúna
described affect both operational effectiveness
and accountability, from the inclusiveness of needs assessments and feedback
mechanisms to the provision of services and the implementation of behavior
change campaigns. Confidentiality and conflict-sensitivity are impaired when
not everyone can speak for themselves. Organizations were also concerned
that the language barriers are impeding their capacity to communicate
Obrecht , A.
A. ( 2016 ), ‘ More than Just
Luck: Innovation in Humanitarian Action’, HIF/ALNAP
Study ( London :
Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance
in Humanitarian Action /Overseas Development
Planned Obsolescence of Medical Humanitarian Missions: An Interview with
Tony Redmond, Professor and Practitioner of International Emergency Medicine and
Co-founder of HCRI and UK-Med
regulated, more and more accountable, and in a humanitarian setting you hear people
saying, ‘I just want to go and treat patients in need’ – OK,
but if you have to be accountable in this country, you have to be accountable
everywhere, full stop. And I think that’s a problem.
You might just think it’s semantics, but I don’t think you should ever
alter the standard of care that you deliver; I think you should always give the
highest standard of care
A Response to the Journal of Humanitarian Affairs Special Issue on Innovation in Humanitarian Action (JHA, 1:3)
accountability and core concern. The idea of humanitarian innovation as a purely private-sector, tech-focused and product-ridden space is critiqued through attention to the more nuanced evolution of the humanitarian innovation agenda. Some recent efforts to forge or support more ethical, participatory and locally driven spaces for humanitarian innovation are also shared. Finally, the ‘big space’ question of humanitarian innovation at scale is given consideration, as well as the expectations and structural limitations involved.
From Black Hole to North Star?
genocide. In subsequent years, however, it became increasingly clear that even as extensive efforts were made to hold genocide perpetrators accountable, RPF officials involved in war crimes and crimes against humanity would face no consequences. Although the ICTR was authorised to include RPF crimes within its consideration, the ICTR brought no charges against RPF officials. In fact, when Chief Prosecutor Carla Del Ponte attempted to launch investigations into RPF crimes, the RPF used its influence to have the tribunal reorganised and a new prosecutor appointed. In the
quantitative practices. Dijkzeul and Sandvik
(2019 : S101) refer to these practice as ‘rationalisation
processes’ that include auditing, accountancy and evidence-based action.
These rationalisation processes are considered strategic exercises by humanitarian
organisations to convey neutrality, accountability and efficiency.
Many academics argue that this link between numbers and trust can explain why the
humanitarian sector became increasingly
A Belated but Welcome Theory of Change on Mental Health and
properly trained staff and fully integrated into health and social care systems
across the life-course. Community-based rehabilitative approaches must be developed
and/or expanded, and the number of qualified service personnel increased. Stigma
must be combated. MHPSS must be coordinated, integrated, accountable and culturally
appropriate, engaging with the community, including vulnerable groups. Sufficient
political will is recognised as essential. National mental health policies