Open Access (free)
Janet Wolff

3: Aliens For my first creative writing group, formed with three colleagues at the South Bank Centre in London in December 1987, I wrote about this photograph, taken in 1940 or 1941. I called the piece ‘Image of an alien’. But the really extraordinary thing about this photo is that he is right in the centre. Not only that. He is framed and displayed by the arch, projected, more than any of the other men, against the pale background of the sky. It took me a while to understand what was so unsettling about it. I thought it was the dislocating effect of seeing him

in Austerity baby
Open Access (free)
Lewis Hine’s Photographs of Refugees for the American Red Cross, 1918–20
Sonya de Laat

editorialized, ‘this is a Presidential [election] year and … many people in our country are saying America, and not Europe, should engage their attention from now on’ ( Irwin, 2013 : 164). Enculturation and indoctrination began to take precedence in the Magazine with articles such as ‘She Makes Aliens into Citizens’ appearing in January 1920. The article ‘I Americanize Myself’ was directed at new immigrants and ‘you men and women of the Red Cross and you who are engaged in Americanization work’ (February 1920). 20 During that year, references to refugees remained, but

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Timothy Longman

leaders who took over after Habyarimana’s death did not have a clear plan for the full-scale genocide in advance. A loosely connected group of powerful individuals, primarily from Habyarimana’s home region in the north, many with close connections to President Habyarimana’s wife, had acted over the previous two years to consolidate their power in the face of expanding opposition. They promoted an anti-Tutsi ideology that treated Tutsi as sub-human, alien interlopers who should be expelled or eliminated from Rwanda. They had developed a network of supporters throughout

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dominique Marshall

educational material ( Bramley, 2017 ). The photographers participated in the elaboration of a ‘visual politics’ and narrative shared by CIDA’s employees (Gorin and Kunkel, in this issue; Kunkel in this issue). CIDA’s pictures had the ambition to counter ‘information fed by a media that keeps the world communities divided and alien to one another. Today, nationalist biases are replaced by regional suspicions, daily reemphasized by the information beat … despite our entry in the “Global village”’ ( Tremblay, 1988 : introduction by Jean Tétrault). In 1988, in the production

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks
Rob Grace

interlocutors – for example, a criminal gang that kidnaps humanitarians in the hopes of making money – actually want humanitarians to serve these interlocutors’ own interests. This notion is in no way alien to policy discourse in the humanitarian sector. Indeed, various publications produced by the Centre de Réflexion sur l’Action et les Savoirs Humanitaires (MSF CRASH) have emphasised a different notion of ‘acceptance’ that places focus on finding acceptable compromises with armed actors, whose willingness to refrain from targeting aid actors is linked to their ability to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)

This book can be described as an 'oblique memoir'. The central underlying and repeated themes of the book are exile and displacement; lives (and deaths) during the Third Reich; mother-daughter and sibling relationships; the generational transmission of trauma and experience; transatlantic reflections; and the struggle for creative expression. Stories mobilised, and people encountered, in the course of the narrative include: the internment of aliens in Britain during the Second World War; cultural life in Rochester, New York, in the 1920s; the social and personal meanings of colour(s). It also includes the industrialist and philanthropist, Henry Simon of Manchester, including his relationship with the Norwegian explorer, Fridtjof Nansen; the liberal British campaigner and MP of the 1940s, Eleanor Rathbone; reflections on the lives and images of spinsters. The text is supplemented and interrupted throughout by images (photographs, paintings, facsimile documents), some of which serve to illustrate the story, others engaging indirectly with the written word. The book also explains how forced exile persists through generations through a family history. It showcases the differences between English and American cultures. The book focuses on the incidence of cancers caused by exposure to radioactivity in England, and the impact it had on Anglo-American relations.

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Publics, hybrids, transparency, monsters and the changing landscape around science
Stephen Turner

discusses the construction of creationism as an alien doctrine threatening scientific progress and social progress. But as she shows, few people adhere to the full menu of the creationist doctrine, and ethical concerns over the doctrines of eugenics and practices of forced Epilogue 331 sterilisation have historically fuelled opposition to a Darwinian world view. The inflated bogey of creationism is a monster that obscures these and other moral concerns. Kirby and Chambers reveal a history in which the Catholic Church in the USA endeavoured to influence the image of

in Science and the politics of openness
De-scribing Imperial identity from alien to migrant
Peter Childs

3 ‘Where do you belong?’: De-scribing Imperial identity from alien to migrant PETER CHILDS Introduction: writing the post-colonial nation ‘England,’ said Christophine who was watching me, ‘you think there is such a place?’ … ‘You do not believe there is a country called England?’ She blinked and answered quickly, ‘I don’t know, I know what I see with my eyes and I never see it.’ (Jean Rhys, Wide Sargasso Sea, 1996, 92) Understanding the novel as a formative influence on the imagining of national collectivity, Timothy Brennan argues that ‘it is especially in

in Across the margins
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Retrieving a ‘Global’ American Philosopher
John Narayan

rise and fall of the Bretton Woods regime, the hegemonic ascent of neo-liberalism, the end of the Cold War and the 2 John Dewey rise of communications technology such as the Internet. Dewey’s world thus appears to be alien to contemporary concerns about rampant globalization and the need to move democracy beyond the confines of the nation state to regulate a runaway world. Indeed, one might also label the attempt to call Dewey a ‘global’ thinker pure and utter philosophical folly in the first place. After all, there doesn’t seem to be, philosophically at least

in John Dewey
Unreadable things in Beowulf
James Paz

also reveals that certain enigmatic things exceed the community of readable objects. Through their liminal status, these things carry alien stories and histories into the safety of the mead hall, unsettling the shared body of knowledge held within reading communities. The first part of this chapter reconsiders Grendel’s mother’s slaying of the counsellor Æschere, examining the significance of both figures. The poem refers to Grendel’s mother in a variety of ways: she is both a noble lady (OE ides) and a monstrous or warrior woman (OE aglæcwif); she is of the kin of

in Nonhuman voices in Anglo-Saxon literature and material culture