Bert Ingelaere

-cultural universe, ubwenge is – locally and traditionally – considered to be a value. Ubwenge characterises the effectual truth at play in the gacaca assemblage. Communications – mostly accusations in the context of gacaca – depended to a great extent on their usefulness and were not necessarily aimed at serving justice. These communications were animated by a consequentialist ethics: what is true or just is that which has the most favourable outcomes in the given circumstances. Corruption, score-settling, the search for profit, blaming the dead and the absent, and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
Valérie Gorin

, as well as what watching such films was like in the 1920s. In general, images function with more immediacy and affective persuasion than words do. The screen did not only offer a contemplative spectacle. Indeed, film-viewing was itself an immersive experience through the ‘magical immediacy’ of cinema technology ( Horne, 2012 : 15). Even more than today, it offered a privileged window to other parts of the world. And the publics who were attracted to the humanitarian screenings came in anticipation of seeing pain and care. Thus, animated pictures acted as

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Arjun Claire

within MSF. And as new operational sections sprouted in the 1980s, divisions over what témoignage meant came to animate intersectional debates. Already, after the Ethiopian debacle, the Belgian and Dutch sections were starting to take a more pragmatic view of témoignage , adding a mix of rationality to what was earlier a purely moral act. They called for a scalable approach which would first exhaust all possible means – starting from silent diplomacy – before

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

as animator of a global network aimed at sharing information during the epidemic ( Abramowitz, 2017 ; Anoko, 2014 ; Enria et al. , 2016 ; Faye, 2015 ; Le Marcis, 2015 ; Moulin, 2015 ; Saez and Borchert, 2014 ). We conducted fieldwork, surveys, and interviews in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. 5 We interacted with local actors, government officials and aid and healthcare workers before, during and after the epidemic. Our research was supplemented with past anthropological

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

making aid better. While HPG’s profiles display various potentials, limitations and conflicts, ultimately everyone involved – aid workers, donors and the disaster-affected – share the same humanitarian goal of better ‘access to basic services, safety, and opportunity, with the capacity to absorb shocks, and the agency to shape her/his future’ ( HPG, 2018 : 90). In other words, A Design Experiment is thinkable because, in the last analysis, all actors think the same. Paraphrasing Bruno Latour (2008) , the profiles that animate A

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

practicality prevents it). This is the same foundational commitment that animates human rights work. The humanist core to both of these forms of social practice is a similar kind of belief in the ultimate priority of moral claims made by human beings as human beings rather than as possessors of any markers of identity or citizenship. What differences exist between humanitarianism and human rights are largely sociological – the contextual specifics of the evolution of two different forms of social activism. I have argued elsewhere, for example, that

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

Introduction The promotion of female entrepreneurship in the global South has animated a great deal of feminist research on the World Bank, public-private partnerships and celebrity-endorsed initiatives. Hingeing on a ‘business case for gender equality’, it recasts the ‘Third World Woman’ ( Mohanty, 1984 ) as agentic and endlessly enterprising ( Wilson, 2011 ; Altan-Olcay, 2016 ; Roberts and Zulfiqar, 2019 ). Recent scholarship, however

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

by a rhetoric that was resonant of the political campaigns of decolonisation, it was animated by the vision of an independent state, of nationalism and the right to self-determination as a human right. As a political campaign and in its rhetoric, Biafra was in many respects a revenant of many decolonisation projects. However, global order had of course changed, the political forums in which the Biafrans tried to formulate these claims have changed. Many of these forums

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Author: James Paz

Anglo-Saxon ‘things’ could talk. Nonhuman voices leap out from the Exeter Book Riddles, telling us how they were made or how they behave. In The Husband’s Message, runic letters are borne and a first-person speech is delivered by some kind of wooden artefact. Readers of The Dream of the Rood will come across a tree possessing the voice of a dreaming human in order to talk about its own history as a gallows and a rood. The Franks Casket is a box of bone that alludes to its former fate as a whale that swam aground onto the shingle, and the Ruthwell monument is a stone column that speaks as if it were living wood, or a wounded body.

This book uncovers the voice and agency that these nonhuman things have across Anglo-Saxon literature and material culture. It makes a new contribution to ‘thing theory’ and rethinks conventional divisions between animate human subjects and inanimate nonhuman objects in the early Middle Ages. Anglo-Saxon writers and craftsmen describe artefacts and animals through riddling forms or enigmatic language, balancing an attempt to speak and listen to things with an understanding that these nonhumans often elude, defy and withdraw from us. The active role that things have in the early medieval world is also linked to the Germanic origins of the word, where a þing is a kind of assembly, with the ability to draw together other elements, creating assemblages in which human and nonhuman forces combine. Anglo-Saxon things teach us to rethink the concept of voice as a quality that is not simply imposed upon nonhumans but which inheres in their ways of existing and being in the world; they teach us to rethink the concept of agency as arising from within groupings of diverse elements, rather than always emerging from human actors alone.

Joe Gerlach

open-sourced mapping organisation established in 2004. These three  attributes, nodes, ways and relations, act simultaneously as both the very constitutive material of OpenStreetMap’s cartographic output and likewise as points of meditation in this chapter. Together they animate the empirical upshot  of the burgeoning conceptual matter on mapping that itself is steadily animating the processual and ontologically/epistemologically insecure natures of contemporary cartography (Kitchin and Dodge, 2007; Crampton, 2010; Elwood and Leszczynski, 2013; Burns, 2014; Caquard

in Time for mapping