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Alcuin Blamires

2 The twin demons of aristocratic society in Sir Gowther Alcuin Blamires Sir Gowther is a 700-line narrative probably originating (in its Middle English form) about 1400 in the North Midlands. It is extant in two mildly divergent manuscript texts, which will here be referred to as the ‘Advocates’ and ‘Royal’ versions.1 Sir Gowther is conspicuous for that surface crankiness and drastic speed which are often found in medieval English verse romances and which readily provoke a modern reader’s suspicion that no very challenging contact with medieval society is being

in Pulp fictions of medieval England

This is a study of noblewomen in twelfth-century England and Normandy, and of the ways in which they exercised power. It draws on a mix of evidence to offer a reconceptualization of women's role in aristocratic society, and in doing so suggests new ways of looking at lordship and the ruling elite in the high Middle Ages. The book considers a wide range of literary sources—such as chronicles, charters, seals and governmental records—to draw out a detailed picture of noblewomen in the twelfth-century Anglo-Norman realm. It asserts the importance of the life-cycle in determining the power of these aristocratic women, thereby demonstrating that the influence of gender on lordship was profound, complex and varied.

The example of the German principality of Waldeck
Andreas Flurschütz da Cruz

military contracts mainly to establish its first-born sons as military commanders within the ranks of international aristocratic society.20 Several other German territories, such as Brunswick, Limpurg, the Elector of Saxony from the Albertine branch of the house of Wettin, and even some of the smaller Ernestine Saxon territories, imitated Waldeck’s subsidy strategy with varying degrees of success.21 Brokering subsidy treaties: negotiations with the Netherlands and Great Britain Count Georg Friedrich von Waldeck (1620–1692), a cousin of Josias, Heinrich Wolrad, and Carl

in Subsidies, diplomacy, and state formation in Europe, 1494–1789
Martin MacGregor

organized, and the lower rungs of these ladders may have reached or penetrated the realms both of non-aristocratic society, and of vernacular speech. Highland Perthshire provides evidence for the mediating role of itinerants such as chapmen (pacairean), and the minstrel bands known as Cliar Sheanchain, ‘as literary receptors and disseminators, operating between the spheres of high and popular culture, and across social classes’.11 Such brief contextualization may begin to explain the relevance of an analysis of a written genre to a book about the spoken word. The bond

in The spoken word
Open Access (free)
Daniel C. Remein
Erica Weaver

’ (dear, precious one), ‘deorling’ (darling), ‘leof’ (beloved), and ‘lufsum’ (lovesome, lovable one). 13 Moreover, aristocratic society in early medieval England involved countless performances of intimacy well known to the student of Beowulf , from ring giving to the exchange of maxims. Intimacy has long eluded critics of the poem, however, whether in localized textual cruces or in broader theoretical questions about the text and its world. Perhaps more than any other figure in the poem, we resemble

in Dating Beowulf
Open Access (free)
Susan M. Johns

degender, it facilitated the participation of women. The basis of Hawise’s power was of course her marital status: as the wife of the earl of Gloucester, Hawise’s social status at the pinnacle of aristocratic society was assured. This explains the frequency of her attestations and her place above her husband’s noble followers usually as head of the secular witnesses to his charters. A model of female witnessing existed in the royal household, where queenly witnessing was well established, and perhaps Earl William, who was styled consul in his acta, a title which

in Noblewomen, aristocracy and power in the twelfth-century Anglo-Norman realm