Fabien Provost

In contemporary forensic medicine, in India, the label of complete autopsy applies to a whole range of post-mortem examinations which can present consid- erable differences in view of the intellectual resources, time, personnel and material means they involve. From various sources available in India and elsewhere, stems the idea that, whatever the type of case and its apparent obviousness, a complete autopsy implies opening the abdomen, the thorax and the skull and dissecting the organs they contain. Since the nineteenth century, procedural approaches of complete autopsies have competed with a practical sense of completeness which requires doctors to think their cases according to their history. Relying on two case studies observed in the frame of an ethnographic study of eleven months in medical colleges of North India, the article suggests that the practical completeness of autopsies is attained when all aspects of the history of the case are made sense of with regard to the observation of the body. Whereas certain autopsies are considered obvious and imply a reduced amount of time in the autopsy room, certain others imply successive redefinitions of what complete implies and the realisation of certain actions which would not have been performed otherwise.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Suhad Daher-Nashif

This article aims to shed light on the post-mortem practices for Palestinian dead bodies when there is suspicion of human rights violations by Israeli military forces. By focusing on the case of Omran Abu Hamdieh from Al-Khalil (Hebron), the article explores the interactions between Palestinian social-institutional agents, Israeli military forces and international medico-legal agents. Drawing on ethnographic and archival data, the article explores how the intersectionality between the various controlling powers is inscribed over the Palestinian dead bodies and structures their death rites. The article claims that inviting foreign medico-legal experts in the Palestinian context could reveal the true death story and the human rights violations, but also reaffirms the sovereignty of the Israeli military forces over the Palestinian dead and lived bodies.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Edward Bacal

I focus on two contemporary art installations in which Teresa Margolles employs water used to wash corpses during autopsies. By running this water through a fog machine or through air conditioners, these works incorporate bodily matter but refuse to depict, identify or locate anybody (or any body) within it. Rather, Margolles creates abstract works in which physical limits – whether of bodies or of art works – dissolve into a state of indeterminacy. With that pervasive distribution of corporeal matter, Margolles charts the dissolution of the social, political and spatial borders that contain death from the public sphere. In discussing these works, I consider Margolles’ practice in relation to the social and aesthetic function of the morgue. Specifically, I consider how Margolles turns the morgue inside out, opening it upon the city in order to explore the inoperative distinctions between spaces of sociality and those of death. In turn, I consider how Margolles places viewers in uneasy proximity to mortality, bodily abjection and violence in order to illustrate the social, political and aesthetic conditions by which bodies become unidentifiable. I ultimately argue that her aesthetic strategies match her ethical aspirations to reconsider relations to death, violence and loss within the social realm.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
Valérie Gorin

their oath…. Some such motive as this was behind the decision of the Council of the Save the Children Fund to send a photographer to Russia to take a kinematograph picture of famine conditions…. The Council are now asking the public, up and down the country, to see the film and to give their verdict, ‘according to the evidence’ and ‘without fear or favour, affection or ill will’. It was, indeed, with emotions akin to those engendered by an autopsy that one sat through the recent private view of the famine film in London. ( Record , 1922b : 151) With few exceptions

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

Towards atypology of the treatment of corpses of ‘disappeared detainees’ in Argentinafrom 1975 to 1983
Mario Ranalletti

not recorded on the relevant documents. The perpetrators had to put a lot of effort into ensuring that this was achieved. Their desire for denial was absurd, as the terrible autopsy descriptions contained in the sources demonstrate. However, combinations of different forensic, police, and judicial proceedings were set in train, as though this glut of procedures would hide the truth forever. Among one of many possible examples is the kidnapping, torture, and murder of Eduardo Ruibal. In his case, the way in which different military and judicial authorities (the army

in Destruction and human remains
Where and when does the violence end?
David M. Anderson and Paul J. Lane

. Examined by the pathologist to compile autopsy reports that might then be used in evidence, should the case ever come to trial, the 23 The unburied victims of the Mau Mau Rebellion   23 police necessarily and legally retained these remains pending future prosecutions. However, the police would normally only hold a small number of such bodies at a time  –​before the State of Emergency the Kenya Police dealt with only around thirty murders each year, and they would expect to process such cases and then hand over the bodies to their families for burial relatively speedily

in Human remains in society
Forensic and archaeological approaches to locating the remains of Holocaust victims
Caroline Sturdy Colls

. Hochrein, ‘An autopsy of the grave: recognizing, collecting and preserving forensic geotaphonomic evidence’, in W. Haglund and M. Sorg (eds), Advances 192 192   Human remains in society in Forensic Taphonomy: Method, Theory and Archaeological Perspectives (Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2002), pp. 45–​70. 56 Hunter et al., Forensic Approaches to Buried Remains. 57 Sturdy Colls, Holocaust Archaeologies, ch. 6. 58 P. Drewett, Field Archaeology: An Introduction (London: Routledge, 2011). 59 Hunter et al., Forensic Approaches to Buried Remains. 60 B. Bevan and T. Smekalova

in Human remains in society
Contemporary Irish and Scottish fiction
Glenda Norquay and Gerry Smyth

deliberating mature subjects. We find many of these characteristics repeated in Trainspotting. The mean streets of Leith (the working-class port in which Welsh sets his autopsy of contemporary Scottish life) are a long way from the romantic ‘Highlands and Islands’ of the chronotopic imagination.3 But they are also some way removed from traditional urban representations of Scotland – invariably set in Glasgow, centred around traditional heavy industries such as shipbuilding and mining, and engaged with received, and supposedly ‘universal’, discourses of gender, class and race

in Across the margins
David Larsson Heidenblad

in experiencing and studying nature with increasingly diligent nature-conservation efforts. 19 In the wake of Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring and the Swedish biocide debate, the association launched a campaign called ‘Samla kalla fakta’ [Collect Hard Facts]. It amounted to sending dead animals to the National Veterinary Institute for autopsy. The members’ aim was to help researchers obtain scientific evidence for the harmful effects of biocides. Individual members were encouraged to provide real assistance ‘by

in The environmental turn in postwar Sweden