Valérie Gorin

spectrum and témoignage is one of those. [At MSF, we want] to speak out and highlight the plights of populations caught in humanitarian crises. In those days [before MSF was created], we didn’t have social media, TV was just coming out and unless you put on a table what was happening in Nigeria during the Biafra war, it was not necessarily attracting attention from the global world. So out of outrage we were bearing witness. 1 Through the years, of course, other organizations realized it doesn’t necessarily change policies on the preemptive level. For MSF, we

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Robert J. Corber

The author reviews Barry Jenkins’s 2018 film adaptation of Baldwin’s novel, If Beale Street Could Talk, finding that Jenkins’s lush, painterly, and dreamlike visual style successfully translates Baldwin’s cadenced prose into cinematic language. But in interpreting the novel as the “perfect fusion” of the anger of Baldwin’s essays and the sensuality of his fiction, Jenkins overlooks the novel’s most significant aspect, its gender politics. Baldwin began working on If Beale Street Could Talk shortly after being interviewed by Black Arts poet Nikki Giovanni for the PBS television show, Soul!. Giovanni’s rejection of Baldwin’s claims that for black men to overcome the injuries of white supremacy they needed to fulfill the breadwinner role prompted him to rethink his understanding of African American manhood and deeply influenced his representation of the novel’s black male characters. The novel aims to disarticulate black masculinity from patriarchy. Jenkins’s misunderstanding of this aspect of the novel surfaces in his treatment of the character of Frank, who in the novel serves as an example of the destructiveness of patriarchal masculinity, and in his rewriting of the novel’s ending.

James Baldwin Review
Arjun Claire

MSF’s identity. Or so the organisation likes to distinguish its humanitarian character, privileging not only direct medical action but acts of ‘bearing witness’ to, or ‘speaking out’ against, violations of human dignity. Témoignage , however, is more than a set of actions. It encapsulates a medley of ideas: proximity with people living through crisis; the intent to listen to them; the swelling anger at their plight; the desire to change their situation

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle
,
Sarah Martin
, and
Henri Myrttinen

: Landscapes of Whiteness and Racial Identity in International Development ’, Anthropology Today , 25 : 5 , 4 – 7 . Majumdar , A. ( 2020 ), ‘ Bearing Witness Inside MSF ’, The New Humanitarian , 18 August , www.thenewhumanitarian.org/opinion/first-person/2020/08/18/MSF

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Bert Ingelaere

, A. , Rutayisire , T. , Sewimfura , T. and Ngendahayo , E. ( 2010 ), ‘Psychotrauma, Healing and Reconciliation in Rwanda: The Contribution of Community-based Sociotherapy’ , African Journal of Traumatic Stress , 1 : 2 , 55 – 63 . Ross , F. C. ( 2003 ), Bearing Witness: Women and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa ( London : Pluto Press ). Rukebesha , A. ( 1985 ), Esotérisme et communication sociale ( Kigali : Editions Printer Set ). Staub , E. ( 2011 ), Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict and Terrorism

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
Valérie Gorin

networks that were seeking justice, humanitarian organizations did not use cinema to ‘confront perpetrators with the consequences of their actions’ or to ‘reduce abuses against civilians under attack’ ( DuBois, 2008 : 12). As they were heading towards protection activities for children or prisoners of war in the 1920s, humanitarian organizations used the films to emphasize their responsibilities to hold themselves (and the donors) accountable. Advocacy was, first and foremost, a public form of bearing witness to. At the publicity level, it seems that humanitarian films

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The representation of violence in Northern Irish art
Shane Alcobia-Murphy

intelligence regarding his choice and arrangement of words. While he changes a demonstrative preposition (‘this’) to a definite article in ‘the tangled pile’ to allow for a sense of distance, he crucially alters the opening line of the earlier drafts to intimate his presence (he now includes the phrase ‘I see’), conveying his own act of bearing witness and his imaginative intervention at one and the same time. For the reader, this opening gambit embodies the ambiguity inherent within all testimony: as Derrida reminds us, while ‘[b]y law, a testimony must not be a work of art

in Irish literature since 1990
Peter C. Little

-­waste contextualization and perhaps even the environmental justice challenges experienced in Agbogbloshie (Akese and Little 2018). My aim here, then, is to turn to a participatory photography project in Agbogbloshie to stimulate critical discussion of the ways in which alternative e-­waste visioning can transform how e-­wasteland politics in Ghana are told, seen, and responsibly contextualized. Participatory photography, in this way, offers a critical perspective on embodied ways of knowing and practices of bearing witness to e-­waste pollution, Furthermore, photography itself offers a

in Toxic truths
Open Access (free)
Alice Mah

-­Navarro’s chapter, Wang and Wang argue that strategies of “soft confrontation” have been more successful than direct confrontational strategies for addressing environmental problems in Hunan Province in China. The authors demonstrate how Green Hunan, a local environmental volunteers’ organization, has operated strategically to avoid direct confrontation while advocating for environmental protection, for example through the use of the media and lobbying rather than protests. Participatory citizen science is one method for seeking environmental justice, and bearing witness through

in Toxic truths
Open Access (free)
How anarchism still matters
Jonathan Purkis
and
James Bowen

issues, narcotics, conflict resolution or bearing witness, the question of influence and diffusion becomes highly pertinent in terms of what form of anarchism is being advocated. We regard it as significant that each of the contributions here addresses the deconstruction of particular conceptual dualisms, which can assist in the development of a much more theoretically and practically flexible notion of anarchism. With this in mind, it is vital that this project acknowledge the gradual dissolution of one of the most insidious dualisms to have dogged radical politics

in Changing anarchism