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Oral culture in Britain 1500–1850
Editors: Adam Fox and Daniel Woolf

Human beings have developed a superabundance of ways of communicating with each other. Some, such as writing, are several millennia old. This book focuses on the relationship between speech and writing both within a single language, Welsh, and between two languages, Welsh and English. It demonstrates that the eighteenth-century Scottish clergy used the popular medium of Gaelic in oral and written form to advance the Gospel. The experience of literacy in early modern Wales was often an expression of legal and religious authority reinforced by the spoken word. This included the hearing of proclamations and other black-letter texts publicly read. Literate Protestant clergymen governed and shaped the Gaelic culture by acting as the bridge-builders between oral and literary traditions, and as arbiters of literary taste and the providers of reading material for newly literate people. The book also offers some illustrations of how anecdotes became social tools which used to make points not only in private correspondence but also in civil conversation in early modern England. Locating vagabonds and minstrels, and other wanderers on the margins of settled society depended on the survival of the appropriate historical record. Cautionary tales of the judgements God visited upon flagrant and incorrigible sinners circulated widely in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century England: stories of sabbath-breakers, swearers, drunkards, adulterers and other ungodly livers struck down suddenly by the avenging arm of the Almighty. During the age of Enlightenment, intellectual culture nourished a new understanding of non-literate language and culture.

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Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation

, 110 – 32 , doi: 10.1111/1540-5885.1920110 . Gates Foundation ( 2019 ), ‘ Grand Challenges. 2082 Awarded Grants. 104 Countries’ , (accessed 11 January 2019) . Huffington Post ( 2016 ), ‘ Humanitarian Innovation: Surprising News, Cautionary Tales, and Promising Directions’ ,

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Cautionary tales and oral tradition in early modern England

6 Chapter 6 The spoken word Reformed folklore? Reformed folklore? Cautionary tales and oral tradition in early modern England Alexandra Walsham P rotestantism and print have often been presented as inherently hostile to oral tradition. Historians have credited both with a leading role in marginalizing, fossilizing, and ultimately suffocating the vernacular culture of late medieval England. Still widely regarded as a movement whose success depended upon the spread of literacy and the advent of the press, the Reformation is commonly associated with attempts to

in The spoken word
Open Access (free)
West Indian intellectual

Edward Kamau Brathwaite, ‘A post-cautionary tale of the Helen of our wars’, Wasafiri , 22 (1995), p. 70. 14 Braithwaite, ‘Post-cautionary tale’, pp. 69 and 78. 15 Braithwaite, ‘Post-cautionary tale’, p. 75

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
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assisted emigration, a far greater body of parish clergy responded to their parishioners in providing occasionally reluctant, but often vital facilitation of independent migration. In particular, the priest’s role in kick-starting local ‘chains’ of emigration by soliciting passage money and handling correspondence and remittances should be acknowledged as important. Although the clergy had therefore been forced to concede that the economic imperative would always trump any cautionary tales of spiritual ruin they had cause to dispense, as the hierarchy’s 1902 statement

in Population, providence and empire
Competing imaginaries of science and social order in responsible (research and) innovation

friends viewed the pace of change from agrarian society to industrial modernity, and it is still considered a cautionary tale about the capacity of technology to do ill as well as good (Botting, 2003; Latour, 2012; Turney, 2000). As Turney explains: It is frightening because it depicts a human enterprise which is out of control, and which turns on its creator … [but] the myth is never a straightforward anti-science story … the Frankenstein script, in its most salient forms, incorporates an ambivalence about science, method and motive, which is never resolved. (Turney

in Science and the politics of openness

example of the potential of computer generated imagery to create utterly realistic ‘events’; it also serves as a strong cautionary tale concerning the faith we place in the cinema as a form of integral realism, as ‘a recreation of the world in its own image, an image unburdened by the freedom of interpretation of the artist or the irreversibility of time’. 18 The realist style championed by Bazin carried a

in Memory and popular film
Foregrounding the body and performance in plays by Gina Moxley, Emma Donoghue and Marina Carr

the Irish Dramatic Repertory’, Irish University Review 35: 2 (autumn/winter 2005), p. 332. 34 Melissa Sihra, ‘A Cautionary Tale: Marina Carr’s By the Bog of Cats . . .’, in Jordan (ed.), p. 257. 35 Mary Russo, The Female Grotesque: Risk, Excess and Modernity (London: Routledge, 1994), pp. 54, 62. 36 Enrica Cerquoni, ‘ “One Bog, Many Bogs”: Theatrical Space, Visual Image, and Meaning in Some Productions of Marina Carr’s By the Bog 9780719075636_4_004.qxd 78 37 38 39 40 41 16/2/09 9:24 AM Page 78 Drama of Cats . . .’, in Cathy Leeney and Anna McMullan (eds

in Irish literature since 1990
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A male strategy

untimely death in 1593.8 The chapbooks tell how Faust conjured up one of Satan’s minions, Mephistopheles, and wrote a blood contract with Satan which stipulated that the latter would fulfil all Faust’s desires for a period of twenty-four years. Satan was as good as his word, and when the pact expired he came to earth and ripped Faust to pieces. Although meant as an entertaining cautionary tale, twentyfour years of having one’s wishes come true must have appeared a rather attractive proposition to some readers. During the late seventeenth century Francois Henri de

in Beyond the witch trials
Perspectives on civilisation in Latin America

-currents of history 155 including Latin American ones. Although Ariel can be read as a cautionary tale about hubris, it can also be read in the spirit of Martí’s vision as a tract on a future that draws on North and Latin American civilisational influences. Invoking Ancient metaphors, Rodó’s tract reads: More than once it has been observed that the great epochs of history, the most luminous and fertile periods in the evolution of humankind, are almost always the result of contemporaneous but conflicting forces that through the stimulus of concerted opposition preserve our

in Debating civilisations