This book is the first in the new series The Labour Governments 1964–70 and concentrates on Britain's domestic policy during Harold Wilson's tenure as Prime Minister. It deals, in particular, with how the Labour government and Labour party as a whole tried to come to terms with the 1960's cultural revolution. The book is grounded in original research, takes account of responses from Labour's grass roots and from Wilson's ministerial colleagues, and constructs a total history of the party at this critical moment in history. It situates Labour in its wider cultural context and focuses on how the party approached issues such as the apparent transformation of the class structure, the changing place of women in society, rising immigration, the widening generation gap, and increasing calls for direct participation in politics. Together with the other volumes in the series, on international policy and economic policy, the book provides an insight into the development of Britain under Harold Wilson's government.
’s capacity to act as a successfully
reformist agency when in office. It stressed, second, the functionality of the Labour
Party’s periodically radical rhetoric to the long-term stability of the British classstructure, and its harmful consequences for the creation and consolidation of a
radicalised proletariat. Third, it emphasised the inability of socialists within the
Labour Party to do more than briefly (and episodically) radicalise the rhetoric and
policy commitments of the party in opposition, and the deleterious consequences
of that inability for the creation of a
We now explore the term ‘equality’, defined in two ways:
first, that which concerns equality as a starting point to life; second,
equality as an outcome. We also consider equality before the law, equal
political rights and equal social rights. After that we examine
individual and group equality, and equality in terms of the classstructure and international relations. Finally
This book is an attempt to take stock of how some of the British Labour Party's leading interpreters have analysed their subject, deriving as they do from contrasting political, theoretical, disciplinary and methodological backgrounds. It explores their often-hidden assumptions and subjects them to critical evaluation. The book outlines five strategies such as materialist; ideational; electoral; institutional; and synthetic strategies. Materialist, ideational and electoral explanatory strategies account for Labour's ideological trajectory in factors exogenous to the party. The 'new political history' is useful in understanding Labour within a less reductive framework than either the 'high' or 'from below' approaches and in more novel terms than the Left-Right positions adopted within Labour. The book assesses the contribution made to analysis of the Labour Party and labour history by thinkers of the British New Left. New Left critiques of labourism in fact represented and continued a strand of Marxist thinking on the party that can be traced back to its inception. If Ralph Miliband's role in relation to 'Bennism' is considered in comparison to his earlier attitudes, some striking points emerge about the interaction between the analytical and subjective aspects in his interpretive framework. Miliband tried to suggest that the downfall of communism was advantageous for the Left, given the extent to which the Soviet regimes had long embarrassed Western socialists such as himself. The Nairn-Anderson theses represented an ambitious attempt to pioneer a distinctive analysis of British capitalist development, its state, society and class structure.
Bordering intimacy is a study of how borders and dominant forms of intimacy, such as family, are central to the governance of postcolonial states such as Britain. The book explores the connected history between contemporary border regimes and the policing of family with the role of borders under European and British empires. Building upon postcolonial, decolonial and black feminist theory, the investigation centres on how colonial bordering is remade in contemporary Britain through appeals to protect, sustain and make family life. Not only was family central to the making of colonial racism but claims to family continue to remake, shore up but also hide the organisation of racialised violence in liberal states. Drawing on historical investigations, the book investigates the continuity of colonial rule in numerous areas of contemporary government – family visa regimes, the policing of sham marriages, counterterror strategies, deprivation of citizenship, policing tactics, integration policy. In doing this, the book re-theorises how we think of the connection between liberal government, race, family, borders and empire. In using Britain as a case, this opens up further insights into the international/global circulations of liberal empire and its relationship to violence.
This book examines the relationship between environmental justice and citizen
science, focusing on enduring issues and new challenges in a post-truth
age. Debates over science, facts, and values have always been pivotal within
environmental justice struggles. For decades, environmental justice activists
have campaigned against the misuses of science, while at the same time engaging
in community-led citizen science. However, post-truth politics
has threatened science itself. This book makes the case for the importance of
science, knowledge, and data that are produced by and for ordinary people living
with environmental risks and hazards. The international, interdisciplinary
contributions range from grassroots environmental justice struggles in American
hog country and contaminated indigenous communities, to local environmental
controversies in Spain and China, to questions about “knowledge justice,”
citizenship, participation, and data in citizen science surrounding
toxicity. The book features inspiring studies of community-based participatory
environmental health and justice research; different ways of sensing,
witnessing, and interpreting environmental injustice; political strategies for
seeking environmental justice; and ways of expanding the concepts and forms of
engagement of citizen science around the world. While the book will be of
critical interest to specialists in social and environmental sciences, it will
also be accessible to graduate and postgraduate audiences. More broadly, the
book will appeal to members of the public interested in social justice issues,
as well as community members who are thinking about participating in citizen
science and activism. Toxic Truths includes distinguished contributing authors
in the field of environmental justice, alongside cutting-edge research from
emerging scholars and community activists.
intervention in Scottish politics, all the more shocking coming from the
world-famous author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
R.J. Ellis’s essay considers the inventive use that Harriet Wilson makes
of the slave narrative in Our Nig. Wilson, an African-American woman,
was unfamiliar with the conventions of the pastoral so that her revelation
of ‘pastoralism’s underlying rural classstructure’ foregrounds issues that
have been traditionally under-represented or ignored in that genre – most
strikingly, questions of gender and race. Ellis invokes Elizabeth Gaskell’s
injustices to emerge in character and situation. How people treat
one another as individuals, often in situations where exploitation and manipulation have become the norm, is more
significant than whether they adhere to any particular political
ideology. It might therefore be claimed – as it often is about
nineteenth-century liberal novelists – that, in a subcontinent
increasingly characterised by hegemonic, communalist and neocolonial power, such liberal individualism, blind to classstructures, allows the writer to diagnose contemporary ills but,
: Intelligence and ClassStructure in American Life. New York: Free Press.
Hill, J. (2014a). National Study of Religion and Human Origins. Grand
Rapids, MI: BioLogos Foundation. Retrieved 12 August 2016 from: https://
Hill, J. (2014b). The recipe for creationism. BioLogos, 2 December. Retrieved
12 August 2016 from: http://biologos.org/blog/the-recipe-for-creationism.
Numbers, R. (1993). Creationists: The Evolution of Scientific Creationism.
Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Miller, J. D., Scott, E. C., and Okamoto, S
. The Forgotten Englishman (Harmondsworth, 1970).
24 T. J. Hatton and R. E. Bailey, ‘Seebohm Rowntree and the postwar poverty
puzzle’, Economic History Review, 53:2 (2000).
25 Quoted in R. Miliband, ‘Politics and poverty’, in D. Wedderburn (ed.),
Poverty, Inequality and ClassStructure (Cambridge, 1974), p. 186.
26 R. M. Titmus, Income Distribution and Social Change (1962).
27 J. H. Westergaard, ‘Sociology: the myth of classlessness’, in R. Blackburn
(ed.), Ideology in Social Science (1972).
28 J. H. Goldthorpe, Social Mobility and ClassStructure in Modern Britain