Common problem, varying strategies

Multinational corporations are not merely the problem in environmental concerns, but could also be part of the solution. The oil industry and climate change provide the clearest example of how the two are linked; what is less well known is how the industry is responding to these concerns. This book presents a detailed study of the climate strategies of ExxonMobil, Shell and Statoil. Using an analytical approach, the chapters explain variations at three decision-making levels: within the companies themselves, in the national home-bases of the companies and at an international level. The analysis generates policy-relevant knowledge about whether and how corporate resistance to a viable climate policy can be overcome. The analytical approach developed by this book is also applicable to other areas of environmental degradation where multinational corporations play a central role.

Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

required to sustain human health and life are not recovering from growing environmental stress, natural disasters and climate-change impacts ( IFRC, 2018 ; IPBES 2019 ; Myers et al. , 2017 ; Whitmee et al. , 2015 ). The World Health Organization ( WHO, 2016 ) estimated that exposure to ‘unhealthy environments’ caused 12.6 million deaths in 2012, with South East Asia and Western Pacific bearing the highest burden, of 7.3 million deaths. In 2015, exposure to environmental

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editors’ Introduction
Tanja R. Müller and Gemma Sou

at innovation from a range of angles and interrogate its potentials and pitfalls. The research article by Finnigan and Farkas moves the innovation debate forward by outlining the challenges involved in conceiving of innovation in a holistic sense and beyond technical fixes or laboratories. Among other things, the paper pays particular attention to the dynamics of climate change and rapid urbanisation in its call for the humanitarian sector to address four critical challenges in order to be able

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
David Rieff

. If humanitarian certainties have been upended, it is not in Sri Lanka, or even Syria or Afghanistan, but in the NGO response to the migration crisis in Greece and in the Mediterranean. For here, whether they like it or not, when they rescue people at sea who are trying to get to Europe, relief NGOs are involved not just in caritative work, whose deontology is relatively straightforward ethically; here, they are important actors in a profound political struggle, whose outcome, along with the response or non-response to climate change, is likely to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

) . Fahy , D. ( 2017 ), ‘ Objectivity, False Balance, and Advocacy in News Coverage of Climate Change ’, Oxford Research Encylopedia of Climate Science ( Oxford : Oxford University Press ). Foer , F. ( 2018 ), ‘ Reality’s End ’, The Atlantic , May 2018 . Franks , S. ( 2008 ), ‘ Getting into Bed with Charity ’, British Journalism Review 19 : 3 , 27 – 32 . Gilbert , D. ( 2018 ), ‘ Iran Is Running an Online Disinformation Campaign on the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

Annapolis [for the Middle East peace conference, in 2007]; it didn’t invite itself. Brazil was called upon by Iran and by Obama [to negotiate a nuclear deal]; Obama then changed his mind, but it was him who asked us originally. We participated in the creation of the BRICS. Why did Chirac and then [his successor, Nicolas] Sarkozy always want to associate themselves with Brazil, whether on issues of climate change or other issues? We can do important things. Each period of history has its specific characteristics, its advantages and disadvantages. We also

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

production of staples and other food products using sustainable production practices.’ 2. ‘Increase resilience of vulnerable communities, farmers and cooperative farms to the impacts of recurrent natural disasters and climate change.’ Nutrition 10.4 million 2.0 million 1. ‘Support equitable access to quality preventive and curative nutrition services among under-five children and women of childbearing age.’ 2. ‘Support equitable access to nutritious, safe and sufficient food and micronutrients for vulnerable groups: under-seven children, pregnant women

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

. There are other major changes in the issues that affect the international system – industrial and energy pollution and its environmental impact, including the scarcity of resources like water, and the mass displacements that are likely to come with climate change. Then there is rampant inequality and the consequent rise of populism, the revival of this kind of national chauvinism being likely to hamper international cooperation. Allied to this is the revival of various forms of religious and ideological fanaticism across the belief spectrum

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

-colonial image of the “good” Europeans helping the suffering victims of the “bad” smugglers’ ( Cuttitta, 2018 : 644). After her return from Italy, Rackete assumed a public role as a climate change activist and a member of Extinction Rebellion. She has argued that forced migration is also a result of environmental destruction wrought by countries of the global north in the global south. Her views on ecological issues, however radical they may be, resonate more widely than her views on migration; in fact, the former have to some extent been able to ground and carry the latter

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
A social representation of scientific expertise
Warren Pearce and Brigitte Nerlich

12 An Inconvenient Truth: a social representation of scientific expertise Warren Pearce, Brigitte Nerlich On 30 June 2006 An Inconvenient Truth (AIT) (Guggenheim, 2006), a climate-change documentary presented and written by leading US Democrat politician Al Gore, was released. The film contains a heady mix of expert scientific evidence, personal stories and normative political statements. An ‘oral history’, based on interviews with those involved in the creation of the film and celebrating this anniversary, proclaimed: ‘Somehow, a film starring a failed

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