Mel Bunce

scientifically tested. Finally, news outlets and NGOs need to commit to accurate reporting and campaigning. There can be a strong temptation for journalists and communication teams to provide exaggerated or sensationalist accounts. This content can come from a good place – it reflects a utilitarian ethic in which the outcome (more funds/awareness/action) is seen to justify the means (exaggeration or fabrication). But exaggerated content can create serious, long-term damage that far outweighs these short-term gains. It can make it harder for humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Leslie Haddon

10 Information and communication technologies and the role of consumers in innovation Leslie Haddon As a contribution to current discussions of the role of both actual consumers and representations of consumers in the innovation process, this chapter considers two empirical studies of the information and communication technology (ICT) industries. It asks: 1 To what extent, how and when are consumers (i.e. potential end users) considered or involved during the design of new products? 2 When consumers are actually involved in the process of innovation, what is the

in Innovation by demand
Andrea Ballabeni and Davide Danovi

9 Advocating a radical change in policies and new models to secure freedom and efficiency in funding and communication of science1 Andrea Ballabeni and Davide Danovi A moving landscape Threats and obstructions to scientific freedom, fairness and efficiency are commonly perceived as surrounding the scientific world. However, bottlenecks can also occur from within the system itself as some of the current regulations and forces shaping research (referred to here as ‘science policies’) substantially decrease the freedom and motivation of scientists. Indeed

in The freedom of scientific research
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

representative of practices regularly implemented to gain communities’ trust and stem potential resistance to epidemic control measures: communication through elders and youths in Guinea; engagement with NGO-affiliated community leadership structures in Liberia; indirect mediation to chiefs in Sierra Leone. Inspired by the extended-case-study method developed by the Manchester School ( Gluckman, 1940 ), we illuminate our ethnography by paying attention to the long history of the relationship

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

Introduction The 2010 Haiti earthquake has been described as a ‘game changer’ for the implementation of technologies in humanitarian response ( Sandvik, 2014 : 26). Established and emergent information and communication technology (ICT) applications were employed in the earthquake’s aftermath and ‘relief efforts quickly became a living laboratory for new applications of SMS texting, interactive online maps and radio-cell phone hybrids’ ( Nelson et al. , 2010

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

backgrounds. The book addresses the overarching question of how individuals from refugee backgrounds use digital technology to fulfil their communication and information needs. In doing so, Leung describes the scenarios and challenges that refugees face in the three stages that typically describe their journeys: before displacement, during displacement (in transit, refugee camps or detention centres) and resettlement. In her analysis, she rejects the simplistic conceptualisation of the digital divide as a matter

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

maintaining consent from beneficiaries, local authorities, belligerents and other stakeholders’ ( Fast and O’Neill, 2010 ). And building such relationships requires not only time but human resources with interpersonal, communication and negotiation skills. Although those annual security trainings were an opportunity to remind colleagues that implementing an acceptance strategy required budgeting and planning, only once in five years was

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

campaign, I outline how it simultaneously highlights the vulnerability and ‘worthiness’ of certain groups of Palestinian refugees (a well-worn, and equally critiqued, fundraising strategy) while also centralising certain Palestinians’ agency and rights. Considering hypervisibility and invisibility ( Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, 2016a ), I argue that the international campaign’s celebration of specific groups of Palestinian refugees and its prioritisation of communication with international audiences simultaneously dismisses the roles and rights of diverse groups

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editors’ Introduction
Tanja R. Müller and Gemma Sou

’ , Information, Communication & Society , doi: 10.1080/1369118X.2018.1521457 . Scott-Smith , T. ( 2016 ). ‘ Humanitarian Neophilia: The “Innovation Turn” and Its Implications’ , Third World Quarterly , 37 : 12 , 2229 – 51 , doi: 10.1080/01436597.2016.1176856 . University of Oxford, Refugee Studies Centre ( 2015 ), ‘ Principals

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

, batteries die; they no longer enjoy playing with the gadgets or data visualisations; they fail to see progress or achieve their primary goals, which makes tracking tedious ( Kristensen and Ruckenstein, 2018 ). In contrast, in research on the Global South, the focus is typically on connectivity and communication rather than on datafication and digitised self-care ( Ruckenstein and Schüll, 2017 ). Nonetheless, research on the power aspects of tracking in the Global North offers valuable insights

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs