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Martina Mercinelli and Martin J. Smith

The construction of an underground car park beneath the main square of Turin, Italy in 2004 led to the unearthing of the skeletonised remains of twenty-two individuals attributable to the early eighteenth century. At this time the city was besieged during the War of the Spanish Succession in a hard-fought battle that resulted in unexpected triumph for the Piedmontese, a victory that marked a fundamental turning point in Italian history. The current study assesses the strength of evidence linking the excavated individuals to the siege and assesses their possible role in the battle through consideration of their biological profiles, patterns of pathology and the presence of traumatic injuries. This article presents the first analysis of evidence for the siege of Turin from an anthropological point of view, providing new and unbiased information from the most direct source of evidence available: the remains of those who actually took part.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Andrzej Grzegorczyk

The Kulmhof extermination camp in Chełmno nad Nerem was the first camp set up by the Nazis to exterminate Jews during the Second World War. The history of Kulmhof has long been an area of interest for academics, but despite thorough research it remains one of the least-known places of its kind among the public. Studies of the role of archaeology in acquiring knowledge about the functioning of the camp have been particularly compelling. The excavations carried out intermittently over a thirty-year period (1986–2016), which constitute the subject of this article, have played a key role in the rise in public interest in the history of the camp.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Forensic and archaeological approaches to locating the remains of Holocaust victims
Caroline Sturdy Colls

American Life (Boston:  Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000). 20 R. Van der Laarse, ‘Beyond Auschwitz? Europe’s terrorscapes in the age of postmemory’, in M. Silberman and F. Vatan (eds), Memory and Postwar Memorials:  Confronting the Violence of the Past (New  York:  Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), p. 71; C. Sturdy Colls, ‘Holocaust archaeology: archaeological approaches to landscapes of Nazi genocide and persecution’, Journal of Conflict Archaeology, 7:2 (2012), 70–​104; P. Hayes, ‘Auschwitz, 190 190   Human remains in society capital of the Holocaust: review essay

in Human remains in society