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Martina Mercinelli and Martin J. Smith

The construction of an underground car park beneath the main square of Turin, Italy in 2004 led to the unearthing of the skeletonised remains of twenty-two individuals attributable to the early eighteenth century. At this time the city was besieged during the War of the Spanish Succession in a hard-fought battle that resulted in unexpected triumph for the Piedmontese, a victory that marked a fundamental turning point in Italian history. The current study assesses the strength of evidence linking the excavated individuals to the siege and assesses their possible role in the battle through consideration of their biological profiles, patterns of pathology and the presence of traumatic injuries. This article presents the first analysis of evidence for the siege of Turin from an anthropological point of view, providing new and unbiased information from the most direct source of evidence available: the remains of those who actually took part.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Andrzej Grzegorczyk

The Kulmhof extermination camp in Chełmno nad Nerem was the first camp set up by the Nazis to exterminate Jews during the Second World War. The history of Kulmhof has long been an area of interest for academics, but despite thorough research it remains one of the least-known places of its kind among the public. Studies of the role of archaeology in acquiring knowledge about the functioning of the camp have been particularly compelling. The excavations carried out intermittently over a thirty-year period (1986–2016), which constitute the subject of this article, have played a key role in the rise in public interest in the history of the camp.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal

By expanding the geographical scope of the history of violence and war, this volume challenges both Western and state-centric narratives of the decline of violence and its relationship to modernity. It highlights instead similarities across early modernity in terms of representations, legitimations, applications of, and motivations for violence. It seeks to integrate methodologies of the study of violence into the history of war, thereby extending the historical significance of both fields of research. Thirteen case studies outline the myriad ways in which large-scale violence was understood and used by states and non-state actors throughout the early modern period across Africa, Asia, the Americas, the Atlantic, and Europe, demonstrating that it was far more complex than would be suggested by simple narratives of conquest and resistance. Moreover, key features of imperial violence apply equally to large-scale violence within societies. As the authors argue, violence was a continuum, ranging from small-scale, local actions to full-blown war. The latter was privileged legally and increasingly associated with states during early modernity, but its legitimacy was frequently contested and many of its violent forms, such as raiding and destruction of buildings and crops, could be found in activities not officially classed as war.

Open Access (free)
Raiding war and globalization in the early modern world
Brian Sandberg

, and – in more modern contexts – as guerrilla warfare, low-intensity conflict, ­unconventional war, or terrorism. More recent anthropological, archaeological, and historical studies of prehistoric and indigenous societies have dismantled modernization narratives of ‘civilization’ and radically altered our understanding of raiding activity. Lawrence H. Keeley uses archaeological evidence to argue that prehistoric warriors utilized highly organized tactics in raiding warfare that could be quite vicious.6 Recent studies in conflict archaeology have demonstrated that pre

in A global history of early modern violence
Forensic and archaeological approaches to locating the remains of Holocaust victims
Caroline Sturdy Colls

American Life (Boston:  Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000). 20 R. Van der Laarse, ‘Beyond Auschwitz? Europe’s terrorscapes in the age of postmemory’, in M. Silberman and F. Vatan (eds), Memory and Postwar Memorials:  Confronting the Violence of the Past (New  York:  Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), p. 71; C. Sturdy Colls, ‘Holocaust archaeology: archaeological approaches to landscapes of Nazi genocide and persecution’, Journal of Conflict Archaeology, 7:2 (2012), 70–​104; P. Hayes, ‘Auschwitz, 190 190   Human remains in society capital of the Holocaust: review essay

in Human remains in society