Simone de Beauvoir and a Global Theory of Feminist Recognition
3 Ambiguity, Existence,
Cosmopolitanism: Simone de Beauvoir and a Global Theory of Feminist
Given the diverse violations of
human rights affecting women throughout the world, and the
likelihood that such violations misrecognize their moral worth, a
Britishness, respectability, and imperial citizenship
Charles V. Reed
constitutionalism and loyalty to the British Empire. As a cosmopolitan
writer, activist, and intellectual, Peregrino understood himself as
being simultaneously ‘native’ and British and consequently
made sense of his political and cultural universe in an idiom of
Britishness and imperial citizenship.
This chapter focuses on the intermediaries of empire, on
Western-educated respectables , who made and were made by the
Sacralisation and militarisation in the remembrance of the ‘cursed soldiers’
Marije Hristova and Monika Żychlińska
Between 2012 and 2017, at the Ł-section of Warsaw’s Powązki Military Cemetery, or ‘Łączka’, the Polish Institute of National Remembrance exhumed a mass grave containing the remains of post-war anti-communist resistance fighters. Being referred to as the ‘cursed soldiers’, these fighters have become key figures in post-2015 Polish memory politics. In this article we focus on the role of the volunteers at these exhumations in the production of the ‘cursed soldiers’ memory. Following the idea of community archaeology as a civil society-building practice, the observed processes of sacralisation and militarisation show how the exhumations create a community of memory that promotes the core values of the currently governing national-conservative PiS party. We found that tropes related to forensic research and typically identified with cosmopolitan memory paradigms are used within a generally nationalist and antagonistic memory framework.
Freedoms, set out in 1941,
provided particularly American inspiration for the post-war development of liberal global
governance. 1 But the principles of great-power
trusteeship and balancing, reflected in the Dumbarton Oaks proposals in 1944, were decisive in
the creation of the United Nations. 2 Despite
the early proliferation of liberal institutions under the aegis of the UN, Cold War prerogatives
undermined cosmopolitan aspirations for world government. Cancelling each other out in the
Security Council, the US and the Soviet Union
An Interview with Caroline Abu Sa’Da, General Director of SOS MEDITERRANEE
-and-rescue missions. But it is citizen movements that have been at the
forefront of the emergency response. Similarly inspired by cosmopolitan ideals, these groups tend
to use more political language than conventional NGOs, presenting their relief activities as a
form of direct resistance to nationalist politics and xenophobia. As liberal humanitarianism is
challenged in its European heartland, they are developing – through practice – a
new model of humanitarian engagement.
SOS MEDITERRANEE is an ad hoc citizen initiative founded in 2015 to prevent the death of
collectively from a long battle within the American establishment, in which the military has, for
the time being, gained the upper hand over civil servants and career politicians, with their
cosmopolitan project of liberal order and rules-based global governance, initiated after the
Second World War and expanded after the Cold War. If this victory is consolidated, it will bring
an end to the American messianism of the twentieth century, with its division of the world
between ‘good’ and ‘evil’, its globalising imperative to reorganise
the world through the
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
and Change , 1 – 22 .
Fassin , D. ( 2007 ), ‘Humanitarianism as a Politics of Life’ , Public Culture , 19 : 3 , 499 – 520 .
Fox , R. C. ( 2014 ), Doctors Without Borders: Humanitarian Quests, Impossible Dreams of Médecins Sans Frontières ( Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press ).
Geissler , P. ( 2013 ), ‘Public Secrets in Public Health: Knowing Not to Know While Making Scientific Knowledge’ , American Ethnologist , 40 : 1 , 13 – 34 .
Givoni , M. ( 2016 ), ‘Reluctant Cosmopolitanism: Perceptions Management and the Performance of
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Aschenbrenner , S. ( 2019 ), ‘ Menschenrechte kosten eben Geld ’, Jetzt.de
17 June , www.jetzt.de/politik/staedte-sicherer-haefen-stephan-neher-will-53-gefluechtete-der-sea-watch-aufnehmen (accessed 19 April 2020 ).
Augustín , Ó. G. and Jørgensen , M. B. ( 2019 ), ‘ Solidarity Cities and Cosmopolitanism from below: Barcelona as a Refugee City ’, Social Inclusion , 7 : 2 , 198 – 207 .
Barenberg , J. ( 2019 ), ‘ “Keine rechtliche Grundlage für Anklage gegen Rackete”: Christopher Hein im Gespräch mit Jasper Barenberg ’, Deutschlandfunk
, cosmopolitan citizens and themes relevant to
their everyday lives and perceptions of citizenship. Thus, the distinction commonly
drawn between ‘data rich’ governments, institutions and commercial
enterprises, which collect, store and mine data, and ‘data poor’
individual citizens targeted by such efforts has been criticised for obscuring
global inequities ( Ruckenstein and
Schüll, 2017 ). This insight is highly relevant to humanitarian
wearables, because it
norms ‘the last protection against
The performance of hope speaks powerfully to the sacredness that is at the core of the whole
humanist enterprise. This is the spiritual heart of the cosmopolitan ethos, the constructivist
efforts to give the lie to Huntington’s allegation that ‘international
elites’ are ‘dead souls’ because they lack a nationalist connection and
have forgotten ‘the mystic chords of memory’ ( Huntington, 2004 ). 3 Humans need some
sense of spirit, belief, meaning , a vision of the future. To do anything at