The trial in history, volume II
Editor: R. A. Melikan

Lawyers had been producing reports of trials and appellate proceedings in order to understand the law and practices of the Westminster courts since the Middle Ages, and printed reports had appeared in the late fifteenth century. This book considers trials in the regular English criminal courts in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It also considers the contribution of criminal lawyers in developing the modern rules of evidence. The book explores the influence of scientific and pseudoscientific knowledge on Victorian insanity trials and trials for homosexual offences, respectively. The British Trials Collection contains the only readily accessible and near-verbatim accounts of civil trials from the 1760s, 1770s, and 1780s, decades crucial to understanding how the rules of evidence developed. It might be thought that Defence of the Realm Acts (DORA) or its regulations would have introduced trials in camera. The book presents a comparative critique of war crimes trials before the International Military Tribunals at Nuremberg and Tokyo and the International Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda. The first spy trial by court martial after the legal change in 1915 was that of Robert Rosenthal, who was German. The book also considers the principal features of the first war crimes trial of the twenty-first century in terms of personnel and procedures, the alleged crimes, and issues of legality and legitimacy. It also speculates on the narratives or non-narratives of the trial and how these may impact on the professed aims and objectives of the litigation.

Open Access (free)
R. A. Melikan

contribution of criminal lawyers in developing the modern rules of evidence. It may seem strange to regard lawyers as in any way joining the trial process because they are so integral to modern litigation, but ordinary English criminal trials largely functioned without them for hundreds of years. Their involvement gradually became more common during the eighteenth century, but restrictions on their role in court were not fully lifted until 1836, when defence counsel were placed upon an equal footing with prosecution counsel and permitted to address the jury in felony cases

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
Philip Nanton

practising criminal lawyer and Mitchell an agricultural scientist and successful hotelier in Bequia. The masculinity of their frontier style is apparent in that in each instance women play supportive and subsidiary roles in their lives. Indeed, both Mitchell and Gonsalves emphasise the sacrifice their respective families have made for their respective causes. Despite their ideological and personality

in Frontiers of the Caribbean
Open Access (free)
Civil rites of passage
Sharon Monteith

polarised by race. As Allison Graham has pointed out, the function of white criminal lawyers in southern cinema is to act as ‘cinematic historians, researching the past, explaining it, and bringing it to a close’. 27 A Time To Kill may initially seem a strange choice as a Movement movie but it borrows heavily from the store of rhetorical and dramaturgical images of racial struggle that coalesce in earlier

in Memory and popular film