Valérie Leclercq and Veronique Deblon

ideas of cure and care, and can offer glimpses of past healthcare practices. Hospital design evolved in conjunction with scientific development, although it has continuously been subjected to other influences too, be they social, economic, religious or other. Historian Annmarie Adams showed that medical spaces, in addition to materialising medical theories, were also ‘produced

in Medical histories of Belgium
A Realistic Ambition?
Pierre Mendiharat, Elba Rahmouni, and Léon Salumu

Despite a concerted international effort in recent decades that has yielded significant progress in the fight against HIV/AIDS, the disease continues to kill large numbers of people, especially in certain regions like rural Ndhiwa district in Homa Bay County, Kenya. Although there is still no definitive cure or vaccine, UNAIDS has set an ambitious goal of ending the epidemic by 2030, specifically via its 90-90-90 (treatment cascade) strategy – namely that 90 per cent of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Infectious Disease
Duncan McLean and Michaël Neuman

Slave Trade without tracing the corresponding voyages and reproductive habits of the female Aedes aegypti , the mosquito responsible for transmitting yellow fever and for which Africans were conveniently considered immune ( Watts, 1999 : 228–9); nor is it possible to understand the role of colonial medicine in the ‘Scramble for Africa’ without decrypting later boasts such as that from the French Governor of Morocco who intended to ‘cure the diseases that for so long have corrupted this people

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

anecdotal examples that have been documented – and there is reason to think that the phenomenon is causing real and extensive harm. During the 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa, websites masquerading as news outlets published false stories about the causes and cures of the disease. In Nigeria, two people died and twenty were hospitalised after drinking excessive quantities of salt water, which they read would protect them from the disease ( Neporent, 2014 ). In the US, multiple websites published false news stories that contained alarmist

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Bert Ingelaere

functioning of the court system. 15 Emphasis added. 16 See also Stefanowicz (2011) and Ingelaere (2013) . 17 Interview South Eastern Rwanda, March 2006: peasant, female, Hutu, 46 years old. 18 On power and legalism in Rwanda see also Thomson and Nagy (2010) ; Thomson (2011) . Bibliography Brounéus , K. ( 2008 ), ‘Truth-Telling as Talking Cure ? Insecurity and Retraumatization in the Rwandan Gacaca Courts’ , Security Dialogue , 39 : 1 , 55 – 76 . Brounéus , K. ( 2010 ), ‘The Trauma of Truth Telling: Effects of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
New narratives on health, care and citizenship in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries

This edited volume offers the first comprehensive historical overview of the Belgian medical field in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Its chapters develop narratives that go beyond traditional representations of medicine in national overviews, which have focused mostly on state–profession interactions. Instead, the chapters bring more complex histories of health, care and citizenship. These new histories explore the relation between medicine and a variety of sociopolitical and cultural views and realities, treating themes such as gender, religion, disability, media, colonialism, education and social activism. The novelty of the book lies in its thorough attention to the (too often little studied) second half of the twentieth century and to the multiplicity of actors, places and media involved in the medical field. In assembling a variety of new scholarship, the book also makes a contribution to ‘decentring’ the European historiography of medicine by adding the perspective of a particular country – Belgium – to the literature.

Joanna Gore

a structure, function and ideology which is intended to ‘educate’ or ‘cure’ inmates, moving them from invalid categories of ‘negative subject’ into institutional ideas of ‘normality’ and the ‘ideal subject’. Artistic expression is often encouraged in this socialisation process and this is professionally justified through models of ‘art therapy’, ‘art education’ and ‘client-led’ or collaborative art practices. I propose that it is possible to create a further, anarchist,1 model which is based on the ‘validation’ (rather than stigmatisation) of the (artistic

in Changing anarchism
A distant reading of the contemporary moment
Caroline Bassett

a cornucopia of interpretation, apostasy, outrage, sorrow, critique, and anger – along with robust demands that readers suffering from computational cultures buy this book, or that one, to help themselves, or perhaps be cured . (Emma Harrison's extant and forthcoming work on connections between mental health and cultures of digital anxiety is germane here.) The probe thus indicated in outline the rough shape of contemporary anti-computing formations, suggesting key foci, structures of feeling, emotional registers, the orientation and/or bias

in Anti-computing
Open Access (free)
The prognosis
Sara De Vido

women last rather than first.’15 If international law is the cause of violence, then we must go back to international law to find in the system itself an answer to the challenge: law as the cause and the cure; law that stems from society and in society finds its nourishment and its improvement. Civil society has ‘strong incentives to use law … to enhance the legitimacy of [its] claims and the prospects for realizing [its] interests.’16 Judicial and quasi-judicial bodies have the enormous responsibility to promote an interpretation that, needless to say, conforms with

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Open Access (free)
Colonial body into postcolonial narrative
Elleke Boehmer

the analogy once again when considering postcolonial self-articulation, applying it more directly under the specific aspect of the talking cure. According to Freud, a key symptom of hysteria is the tendency to take metaphor literally or anatomically, as described by or inscribed on the body.5 Putting it another way, the hysteric expresses her condition through converting ‘mind’ to ‘body’, translating her fears and repressions into a language of body images. As Mary Jacobus in her own adaptation of Freud’s theory points out: ‘As hysteria produces symptoms, so symptoms

in Stories of women