Open Access (free)
Dead bodies, evidence and the death march from Buchenwald to Dachau, April–May 1945
Christopher E. Mauriello

This article utilises the theoretical perspectives of the forensic turn to further expand our historical understandings and interpretations of the events of the Holocaust. More specifically, it applies a theory of the materialities of dead bodies to historically reconstruct and reinterpret the death march from Buchenwald to Dachau from 7 to 28 April 1945. It focuses on dead bodies as ‘evidence’, but explores how the evidential meanings of corpses along the death-march route evolved and changed during the march itself and in the aftermath of discovery by approaching American military forces. While drawing on theories of the evidential use of dead bodies, it remains firmly grounded in empirical historical research based on archival sources. The archives at the Buchenwald Concentration Camp contain eyewitness accounts and post-war trial testimony that enable a deeply contextualised ‘microhistory’ of the geography, movements, perpetrators, victims and events along this specific death march in April and May 1945. This ‘thick description’ provides the necessary context for a theoretical reading of the changing evidential meanings of dead bodies as the death march wove its way from Buchenwald to Dachau and the war and the Holocaust drew to an end.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
The French search mission for the corpses of deportees in Germany, 1946–58
Jean-Marc Dreyfus

(Auschwitz II).12 HRMV.indb 131 01/09/2014 17:28:40 132  Jean-Marc Dreyfus Some of the deportees’ bodies were not incinerated, however, particularly in the final months of the war, due to the increase in the number of deaths and the absence of fuel (wood or coal) for the incinerators. The bodies were then buried in mass graves, either near to the camp or kommando,13 or in the municipal cemeteries or Jewish cemeteries in the neighbouring villages.14 The prisoners who survived until the concentration camp system was dismantled were then taken on forced ‘death marches’, in

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
Or how to make the Armenian corpses disappear
Raymond H. Kévorkian

first priority for the Young Turks was to conceal all traces of their crimes as quickly as possible. The first phase of the genocide The first phase of the genocide, from April to September 1915, consisted of the forced deportation (the ‘death marches’) of the DHR.indb 89 5/15/2014 12:51:10 PM 90  Raymond H. Kévorkian Armenian and Syrian populations from the Ottoman Empire, in particular from six eastern provinces, where the majority had their historic roots. These are wild, mountainous regions, at average altitudes of 2,000 metres; the enclosed valleys

in Destruction and human remains
Open Access (free)
The daily work of Erich Muhsfeldt, chief of the crematorium at Majdanek concentration and extermination camp, 1942–44
Elissa Mailänder

At this camp in Franconia, for about four weeks, Muhsfeldt undertook his last concentration camp duty, now as roll-call leader. During the evacuation and the death march53 he was to prove his ability and use his expertise in the disposal of corpses one last time in the service of the SS, as the leader of the funeral squad. DHR.indb 57 5/15/2014 12:51:07 PM 58  Elissa Mailänder Conclusion: a man for all phases Despite his initial reluctance, Muhsfeldt developed in Majdanek broad-ranging expertise, indeed talent, in everything related to corpse disposal. In the

in Destruction and human remains
Open Access (free)
Why exhume? Why identify?
Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

persons, intervening in dozens of countries around the world, and whose director, Luis Fondebrider, was a guest at our conference in Manchester. The temporality of the search for and identification of corpses, and not just their globalized character, is thus an important element in the analysis of these phenomena. In some countries, the search for bodies began immediately after the massacres, such as in Poland in 1945, where Jewish survivors tried to give the victims of the death marches a dignified burial.12 But in Spain, it was not until sixty years after the end of

in Human remains and identification
Open Access (free)
‘Numbers games’ and ‘holocausts’ at Jasenovac and Bleiburg
David Bruce MacDonald

officials were forced out of Zagreb at gunpoint by the Allied Expeditionary Forces. An exodus supposedly began in May 1945, with 200,000 civilians and 200,000 soldiers, all of whom were apparently led to Bleiburg by the Allies, and then handed over to the Communists for execution. As McAdams wrote: ‘Some were shot at the border, while others joined the infamous death march which took them deeper into the new People’s Republic for liquidation.’76 While the Allies were sometimes blamed, other revisionist historians manipulated the story of Bleiburg to transform it into a

in Balkan holocausts?
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Confronting relativism in Serbia and Croatia
David Bruce MacDonald

standard of oppression’, to quote Finkielkraut, have become readily available to other groups. Our tendency to see the Nazis as the ultimate manifestation of secular evil, and the Jews as the paradigm of the victim, has given nations a template within which to structure and understand their national histories. The frequent use of the terms ‘Holocaust’, ‘death camps’, ‘death marches’, ‘exoduses’, and ‘pogroms’ highlighted the victimised qualities of Serbs and Croats. These were combined with distinctly Christian images – ‘Calvary’, ‘way of the cross’, and ‘crucifixion

in Balkan holocausts?
The Tokyo trial of Japanese leaders, 1946–48
Peter Lowe

notorious Bataan death march in 1942. To an even greater extent than Webb, Jaranilla could not be seen as possessing the detachment required to sit as a judge. Pal was appointed by the British authorities in New Delhi when the Truman administration reluctantly permitted the appointment of an Indian judge. He was conversant with international law and was a former judge of the Calcutta High Court. He was also sympathetic to the accused because he regarded Japan as in part responsible for liberating Asia from occidental imperialism.26 Preparations for the Tokyo trial were

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
Jürgen Habermas and the European left
Robert Fine and Philip Spencer

delivered by a man who survived the ghetto liquidation at Kielce, the death camp at Auschwitz and two death marches: ‘How do we explain to our children and grandchildren that in the world in which we live … we diddle and daddle when it comes to mounting a rapid response to save people from destruction from a murderous regime? Oh, I know all the answers we give. They justify our inaction, and the lies we have conditioned ourselves into believing

in Antisemitism and the left
Open Access (free)
Janet Wolff

, smiths, brick-layers, welders, mechanics, concrete-layers, etc.), each attached to a certain workshop or department of the Buna. When, after a few months, a Chemical Kommando was formed, Primo Levi was transferred to that. Managing to avoid a major ‘selection’ (that is, for the gas chamber) in October, he was saved again by fortune in January, when he escaped the ‘death march’ because he was ill with scarlet fever. After his return to Italy – itself a difficult journey taking another eleven months and related in his second book, The Truce – he resumed work as a

in Austerity baby