Anouche Kunth

Braving the Ottoman‘s ban on capturing any images of the persecuted Armenians, witnesses dodged censorship and photographed pictures that would later be branded as proofat the Paris Peace Conference in 1919–20. Despite the challenge of these images to representations of the Armenian genocide, they were soon forgotten after the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne erased the Armenian Question, while time took care of destroying the corpses abandoned in the desert. This article will examine the image-disappearance dialectic through distinct temporalities of remembrance,and commemoration, each of which mobilises its own specific, iconographical semantics. In response to contemporary challenges, the repertoire of images has not remained sealed; over the last decade it has been reopened through depictions of bare landscapes and stretches of desert and bones,that suddenly pierce through the earth. The article will show how these images implicitly speak of the disappearance and seek meaning through emptiness.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Intimacy, Shame, and the Closet in James Baldwin’s Giovanni’s Room
Monica B. Pearl

This essay’s close interrogation of James Baldwin’s 1956 novel Giovanni’s Room allows us to see one aspect of how sexual shame functions: it shows how shame exposes anxiety not only about the feminizing force of homosexuality, but about how being the object of the gaze is feminizing—and therefore shameful. It also shows that the paradigm of the closet is not the metaphor of privacy and enclosure on one hand and openness and liberation on the other that it is commonly thought to be, but instead is a site of illusory control over whether one is available to be seen and therefore humiliated by being feminized. Further, the essay reveals the paradox of denial, where one must first know the thing that is at the same time being disavowed or denied. The narrative requirements of fictions such as Giovanni’s Room demonstrate this, as it requires that the narrator both know, in order to narrate, and not know something at the same time.

James Baldwin Review
An Interview with Caroline Abu Sa’Da, General Director of SOS MEDITERRANEE Suisse
Juliano Fiori

the EU, the Swiss see themselves as defending European values and, particularly, humanitarian law. But Swiss neutrality has a mixed legacy. Swiss youths today question whether their country’s supposed neutrality is a denial of responsibility. Where does neutrality end and cowardice start? So now they say: ‘No, we’re not going to stand by and watch people suffering without getting involved. We’re not going to allow our identity to be defined by others who would deny these people’s rights.’ JF: To what extent do these ‘others’ – presumably opponents

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

’, Communication, Culture & Critique , 8 : 2 , 327 – 33 . Harvey , J. et al. ( 2017 ), ‘ Internet Blogs, Polar Bears, and Climate-Change Denial by Proxy ’, BioScience , 68 : 4 , 281 – 7 . Hayden , S. ( 2018 ), ‘ Tourist Trap ’, Newsweek , 13 April . Head , J. ( 2017 ), ‘ Myanmar Conflict: Fake Photos Inflame Tension ’, BBC News , www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-41123878 (accessed 8 August 2018) . Igoe , M. ( 2017 ), ‘ Q&A: Fighting “Fake News” to Aid Development ’, Devex , 3

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

punishment (sanctions, diplomatic isolation, denial of favourable terms of trade) as because of a commitment to the moral vision the law embodied. We can see this is now missing in the case of human rights and, given the liberal core that underlies humanitarian (i.e. neutral) space, in humanitarian action as well. Human rights and humanitarianism lack the logic that enforces most effective international norms, that we will not kill or torture your citizens if you do not kill or torture ours. That is, the principle of reciprocity. 2 A classic example is

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

. , Fallah , M. , Monger , J. , Tehoungue , K. and Omidian , Patricia A. ( 2017 ), ‘ The Opposite of Denial: Social Learning at the Onset of the Ebola Emergency in Liberia ’, Journal of Health Communication , 22 : sup1 , 59 – 65 , doi: 10

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

for the good of community and humanity complete. Violence is also highly mediated between its legitimate versus illegitimate expressions. Central to these processes are concerns with dehumanisation and the denial of rights. To repeat: violence is an assault upon a person’s dignity. It is ‘an ontological crime’ ( Cavarero, 2007 ), which not only injures or punishes, but also forces life to behave in entirely different ways. Importantly, since modern life is constituted and given its very sense of meaning through legal power and the rights bestowed through

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace

their colleagues’ release. This option contravened the NGO’s explicit policies, but given the urgency and gravity of the situation, with their colleagues’ lives at stake, the aid workers in the field perceived that this option might be the only viable choice. Other aid agencies had experienced similar kidnapping crises in the same context. Rumours circulated about how much money organisations had paid, but publicly, agencies issued only blanket denials that money had been paid at all. Only through an informal, personal connection that one international staff member

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

large sections of the movement that supports private SAR missions in the Mediterranean. In my view, the significance of this denial of legitimacy of the nation-state’s law should not be underestimated. 23 We may be witnessing the emergence of a movement that contests a key right of the nation-state, namely to decide who may be admitted to its territory and who must leave. This movement is heterogeneous: it comprises civil society activists who support the right of migrants to move – from the crew of the Sea-Watch 3 and those who are keeping the Alarm Phone lines

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Incest and beyond
Jenny DiPlacidi

preoccupied with deviant or aberrant sexuality, I seek instead to expose such labels as couched in the language of heteronormativity that the Gothic itself denied. In using a variety of incestuous relationships, Gothic writers reify the dual constraints exerted by family and society, the imbrication of power, desire and violence, the potential for egalitarian conjugality, denials of male victimisation and

in Gothic incest