Stuart White

MCK10 1/10/2003 10:34 AM Page 179 10 Toleration of religious discrimination in employment Stuart White Introduction: toleration and equal opportunity Two ideas feature prominently in contemporary accounts of the just society. One is the idea of toleration and the related idea of religious freedom. A second is the idea of equal opportunity and, derived from this, the idea that the state should protect its members from discrimination in relation to jobs and other important goods such as education. This chapter explores an apparent tension between these two

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Hakim Khaldi

weeks previously not to admit any more wounded from Raqqa, as they had ‘ done their bit and it [was] now up to other hospitals to take over, Tell Abyad and the others. ’ 5 As a result, discrimination between Kurdish and Arab patients had been introduced. In Kobani, more than 80 per cent of surgical cases were not urgent, whereas Tell Abyad was overflowing with patients seriously injured by explosive devices in Raqqa and in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

liberal about a majority of humanitarian practitioners, we can define it as a commitment to three things: the equal moral worth of all human lives (i.e. non-discrimination on principle), the moral priority of the claims of individuals over the authority claims of any collective entity – from nations to churches to classes to families – and a belief that as a moral commitment (one that transcends any sociological or political boundary) there is a just and legitimate reason to intervene in any and all circumstances where human beings suffer (even if

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

for a set of humanitarian values ( Walker, 2004 ; Wortel, 2009 ). Humanitarianism is a culture that values humanity in all its forms, that champions non-discrimination, that advances restraint in war and many other values codified in international law. ‘Promoting’ ( Bugnion, 2003 : xxvii) or ‘spreading’ ( Slim, 1998 ) this humanitarian culture, therefore, inevitably requires transforming cultural values and practices that

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A Belated but Welcome Theory of Change on Mental Health and Development
Laura Davidson

, strategies and legislative amendments must outlaw discrimination and meaningfully protect rights in the health, social welfare, employment, education and criminal justice sectors. This is pretty basic stuff and hardly a panacea. Furthermore, unfortunately the document is scant on methods to achieve the proposed outcomes. How can quality services and support be guaranteed in struggling LMICs or FCAS with inadequate national and district budgets? Regular and continued monitoring and

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Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

desired. It is clear from these experiences that aid security’s ‘stranger danger’ model does not speak to the reality of safety threats in aid work – that is, to everyday and internal threats – nor to the needs and risks faced by diverse aid workers who do not fit the white, masculine, heterosexual model. This glaring mismatch is all the more troubling for those facing multiple and compounded modes of discrimination based on gender, racialisation, disability or

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The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

complementarity, but it is not an egalitarian practice. It helps to maintain the racialised hierarchy between foreign decision-makers, and their ‘native’ assistants. The inequality between ‘national’ and ‘expatriate’ staff has been an ongoing topic of discussion within MSF ( Fox, 2014 ). In 2006, the MSF sections signed the La Mancha accords, which aimed to ‘provide fair employment opportunities for all staff’ and ‘address any issues of discrimination within MSF’. 1 Despite this, MSF has still not overcome the ‘divide between travelling expatriates and the much larger pool

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A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

, positive discrimination, sexual harassment, the anti-union positions taken by some NGO leadership, and the failure to protect the personal data of emergency aid recipients. 22 Beginning in 2019, attacks against the Ebola response teams were indeed committed or sponsored by armed groups, but the attacks at issue occurred earlier

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The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

way, his resignation was cast not as the admission of bad behaviour but as a further humanitarian act. An independent review uncovered an unhealthy workplace culture in the SCUK offices – there was a pronounced gender pay gap, 17 per cent of women reported harassment, 26 per cent of women reported discrimination; there were also a number of reports of gender harassment and unwanted sexual attention in the workplace ( Save the Children, 2018 ). In 2018, there had been

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Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

in the realm of humanitarian aid. It would have been clearer to talk about the principle of proportionality or fairness – and thus eliminate any confusion with the usual meaning – because it is indeed a question of committing to positive discrimination. Beyond that semantic distinction, however, lies the issue of determining and prioritising ‘needs’, a notion that only appears to be objective. An examination of the types of action taken by humanitarian organisations

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs