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Open Access (free)
Robert J. Corber

The author reviews Barry Jenkins’s 2018 film adaptation of Baldwin’s novel, If Beale Street Could Talk, finding that Jenkins’s lush, painterly, and dreamlike visual style successfully translates Baldwin’s cadenced prose into cinematic language. But in interpreting the novel as the “perfect fusion” of the anger of Baldwin’s essays and the sensuality of his fiction, Jenkins overlooks the novel’s most significant aspect, its gender politics. Baldwin began working on If Beale Street Could Talk shortly after being interviewed by Black Arts poet Nikki Giovanni for the PBS television show, Soul!. Giovanni’s rejection of Baldwin’s claims that for black men to overcome the injuries of white supremacy they needed to fulfill the breadwinner role prompted him to rethink his understanding of African American manhood and deeply influenced his representation of the novel’s black male characters. The novel aims to disarticulate black masculinity from patriarchy. Jenkins’s misunderstanding of this aspect of the novel surfaces in his treatment of the character of Frank, who in the novel serves as an example of the destructiveness of patriarchal masculinity, and in his rewriting of the novel’s ending.

James Baldwin Review
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

’ , Sociology Compass , 11 : 11 . Wissinger , E. ( 2018 ), ‘ Blood, Sweat, and Tears: Navigating Creepy versus Cool in Wearable Biotech’ , Information, Communication & Society , 21 : 5 , 779 – 85 . Woodlock , D. ( 2017 ), ‘ The Abuse of Technology in Domestic Violence and Stalking’ , Violence

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
‘Case history’ on violence against women, and against women’s rights to health and to reproductive health
Sara De Vido

contribute to the definition of VAWH. With regard to the first dimension, the rights to health and to reproductive health emerge as the main rights affected by episodes of violence. Violence against women ‘puts women’s lives and their health at risk.’5 I have selected three main areas to examine: domestic violence, rape committed in times of peace, including marital rape, and female genital mutilation/cutting. The analysis will allow me to cover different, and often interrelated, ‘contexts of violence,’ namely the family environment, the community context and the state. 6

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

The return of the repressed in Roddy Doyle’s Paula Spencer
Jennifer M. Jeffers

the role of intercessor for the subjugated with The Woman Who Walked Into Doors, it is not surprising that Doyle attempts to rewrite the stories of ‘racist youth’ and discredit those who promote Irish homogeneity. Doyle exposes the fiction that the patriarchalwhite-Catholic-Irish-male is the definition of authentic Irishness. No one would have thought of Paula Spencer as ‘typically Irish’ in the late 1990s, but Doyle brought domestic violence and chronic alcoholism to 9780719075636_4_015.qxd 16/2/09 9:29 AM Page 261 ‘What’s it like being Irish?’ 261 national

in Irish literature since 1990
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

campaigning. Moreover, the anti-sexism movement has had to face accusations of ‘political correctness’ by Conservatives and liberals who see it as a form of cultural coercion. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Until the 1970s the existence of widespread violence by men against their female partners was scarcely recognised. It was almost impossible for women Issues concerning women 103 to persuade the police to prosecute in such cases. Furthermore, it was recognised that many women were suffering systematic violence but were trapped by circumstances – usually poverty and responsibility

in Understanding British and European political issues
Sinéad Kennedy

the mainstream media’s unjust representation of the issue of domestic violence: The domestic violence issue is one of the key areas of propaganda-creation in the now relentless attack on the character of men and fathers.… I would hope that men would begin to take a look at the society they are alleged to dominate, and ask themselves: where is the evidence of such domination in a society which demonises and denigrates them at every turn, which conspires to steal their children at the whim of mothers and institutions.39 He chides the Irish government for having

in The end of Irish history?
Open Access (free)
The narrative
Sara De Vido

the prohibition of discrimination, the prohibition of torture, the right to respect for private and family life, and the right to life. For example, domestic violence (DV) and forced sterilisation have been identified by UN bodies as violations of human rights, in particular the right to life, and the prohibition of torture as clarified by the UN Human Rights Committee (HRC).16 The reason for what I will call the ‘indirect protection’ of the right to health is that the HRC, which has been – at least for the time being – one of the most active bodies at UN level in

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Open Access (free)
Reconceptualising states’ obligations in countering VAWH
Sara De Vido

Women and Domestic Violence (GREVIO) has shown great knowledge and competence in distinguishing legal obligations. In its report on Austria, for example, the Group does not apply the standard of due diligence throughout, but only in some chapters. In particular, the Group argued that ‘if a State agency, institution or individual official has failed diligently to prevent, investigate, and punish acts of violence … victims and/or their relatives must be able to hold them accountable.’72 This can be achieved by means of appropriate laws, which, in the case of Austria

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Open Access (free)
A conceptualisation of violence against women’s health (VAWH)
Sara De Vido

important’ than physical harm. Quite to the contrary, psychological harm has long-lasting consequences. The ECtHR argued, in Valiulienė, that it could not ‘turn a blind eye to the psychological aspect of the alleged ill-treatment … psychological impact is an important aspect of domestic violence,’12 and it found that Lithuania had violated Article 3 ECHR. It can be argued that, according to this jurisprudence, there is no pre-determined ‘threshold’ below which an act of gender-based violence is considered as not violence. Confirming this point, in several cases of DV the

in Violence against women’s health in international law