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Straddling the fence

Sweden is seen as a forerunner in environmental and ecological policy. This book is about policies and strategies for ecologically rational governance, and uses the Swedish case study to ask whether or not it is possible to move from a traditional environmental policy to a broad, integrated pursuit of sustainable development, as illustrated through the ‘Sustainable Sweden’ programme. It begins by looking at the spatial dimensions of ecological governance, and goes on to consider the integration and effectiveness of sustainable development policies. The book analyses the tension between democracy and sustainable development, which has a broader relevance beyond the Swedish model, to other nation states as well as the European Union as a whole. It offers the latest word in advanced implementation of sustainable development.

Lennart J. Lundqvist

2579Ch2 12/8/03 11:47 AM Page 25 2 ‘Nested enterprises’? Spatial dimensions of ecological governance Do the twain ever meet? ‘Natural’ and ‘man-made’ systems and the problem of scale The nature–society interface: different scales, problems of fit, and nestedness Space is of central concern to rational ecological governance. Environmental problems and resource management issues cross the man-made scales of local, regional or national governments. The question thus becomes how ‘to negotiate a better fit’ in responding to very complex ecological challenges

in Sweden and ecological governance
Lennart J. Lundqvist

2579Ch6 12/8/03 11:55 AM Page 148 6 Democracy and ecological governance – a balancing act Sustainability and democracy: a political dilemma Legitimising the balance between sustainability and autonomy; the need for democratic politics As pointed out in Chapter 1, this book builds on the normative argument that ecologically rational governance must strive for sustainability within the limits set by democracy and individual autonomy. The relationship among these values is quite complex. On the one hand, effective and in the longer term successful ecological

in Sweden and ecological governance
Lennart J. Lundqvist

2579Ch5 12/8/03 11:54 AM Page 117 5 Governing in common – integration and effectiveness in ecological governance Specialisation or integration. Organising principles of ecological governance for sustainability From environment to sustainable development; the quest for effectiveness and integration The first decades of environmental policy in Sweden were characterised by an amalgamation of different governmental units dealing with aspects of the environmental issue into a recognisable sectoral policy domain. This was how SEPA came to be a specialised agency

in Sweden and ecological governance
Lennart J. Lundqvist

2579Ch3 12/8/03 11:47 AM Page 54 3 Up or down with the ecology cycle? Strategies for temporally rational ecological governance Political terms and ecological cycles Next budget and next election; dominant time spans in politics From the early nineteenth century onwards, the dominant political view of time was one of continuous ‘progress’ with the state at the centre of change (Ekengren 1998:30). This linear conception of time is, however, just one possible view. Political time can also be seen as (series of) distinct events or as connected points that have

in Sweden and ecological governance
Open Access (free)
Governmental power and authority in democratic ecological governance
Lennart J. Lundqvist

2579Ch7 12/8/03 11:56 AM Page 181 7 Where the buck stops: governmental power and authority in democratic ecological governance Ecological governance and the authority of government The preceding chapters analysed what Sweden has done, and how far that country has come, in creating structures and processes of governance for the sustainability of the commons and the autonomy of the individual within the limits of democracy. One conclusion is that while the logic of ecological rationality may seem attractive in terms of sustainability and autonomy when laid

in Sweden and ecological governance
Open Access (free)
The knowledge base of ecological governance
Lennart J. Lundqvist

2579Ch4 12/8/03 11:52 AM Page 87 4 The commons of governing: the knowledge base of ecological governance Science, politics and sustainable resource management Between knowledge and power; scientific research and ecological politics Yesterday’s environmental problems were rather tangible in spatial and temporal terms. Often easily detectable causes and effects made them relatively simple to manage. The up-stream polluter could be forced to compensate the down-stream victim. However, the causes and effects of modern environmental problems are increasingly

in Sweden and ecological governance
Criteria for ecologically rational governance
Lennart J. Lundqvist

political answers addressing the full spectrum of sustainable development, and in particular its ecological aspects, are now emerging. Sweden provides an interesting case of development from environmental policy towards ecological governance. In his acceptance speech as the new Leader of Sweden’s Social Democratic Party in March 1996, the then Minister of Finance Göran Persson proclaimed the achievement of an ecologically sustainable society as a new and noble mission for his party. Presenting his Cabinet Policy Platform two weeks later, Prime Minister Persson stated that

in Sweden and ecological governance
Open Access (free)
On the possibility of sustainability and democracy in advanced industrial nations
Lennart J. Lundqvist

Sweden’s ecological reforms against several criteria for rationally ecological governance, I have sought to answer the following question: To what extent do policy measures taken in Sweden to achieve ecologically sustainable development shape and/or rearrange the structures and processes of governance in such a way that the collective outcome is ecologically rational and democratically acceptable? The choice of Sweden as the single case for an empirical study of the compatibility of democratic and ecological governance was made on mainly two grounds. One was

in Sweden and ecological governance