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Debates Surrounding Ebola Vaccine Trials in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Myfanwy James
Joseph Grace Kasereka
, and
Shelley Lees

acceptability’ of medical procedures, to instead focus on political questions of governance and political economy. Global health and humanitarian institutions must recognise the political significance of local popular critiques of international interventions, situating them in legacies of colonialism and postcolonial political and economic inequality. Fine-grained, contextual research on the everyday politics of biomedical ethics is crucial and timely, not only in DRC where

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

, have been accused of becoming a fetish: objects with seemingly magical powers that emerge from nowhere, obscuring far more serious political and economic inequalities ( Scott-Smith, 2013 , 2016 ). Shelter, like all the humanitarian clusters, has been subject to the winds of innovation, and a good place to see this is in action is at AidEx: a large humanitarian trade fair where inventors and entrepreneurs introduce their ‘innovative’ new products to the marketplace. AidEx is

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)

This book describes the explosion of debt across the global economy and related requirement of political leaders to pursue exponential growth to meet the demands of creditors and investors. It presents a historical account of the modern origins of capitalist debt by looking at how commercial money is produced as debt in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. The book identifies the ways in which the control, production, and distribution of money, as interest-bearing debt, are used to discipline populations. It focuses on the histories of the development of the Bank of England and the establishment of permanent national debt with the intensification and expansion of debt, as a "technology of power", under colonialism in a global context. The book investigates the modern origins of debt as a technology of power by focusing on war, the creation of the "national" debt, and the capitalization of the organized force of the state. It addresses the consequences of modern regimes of debt and puts forward proposals of what needs to be done, politically, to reverse the problems generated by debt-based economies. The book utilizes the term "intensification" rather than spread or proliferation to think about both the amplification and spatial expansion of debt as a technology of power during the era of European colonialism and resistance. Finally, it also presents a convincing case for the 99" to use the power of debt to challenge present inequalities and outlines a platform for action suggesting possible alternatives.

John Narayan

adoption of the ‘scientific attitude of the mind’ in moral and political matters. The second section will outline how Dewey believed liberal capitalism was unable to support social intelligence and needed replacing with a form of democratic socialism. The third section will outline how Dewey’s call for democratic socialism was animated by his view about the relationship between economic inequality and political equality within the Great Society. The final section will highlight how Dewey’s views on economic and political equality translate into an argument for an

in John Dewey
Luiz Eduardo Soares

More than three centuries of slavery have left a painful and visible scar on Brazilian society, and racism continues to shape the deep social and economic inequalities that Brazilians experience to this day. Even after the institution of slavery was abolished, by the end of the nineteenth century class exploitation and rapid urbanisation meant that racism was a structural and permanent feature of Brazil’s cities. Every dimension of society reveals this fracture. Ongoing lethal police brutality and the process of mass incarceration have to be understood within this historic frame.

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
Tarik Kochi

erroneous separation between modes of status subordination and economic subordination. Fraser's account overlooks the historical ways in which a politics of recognition always involves claims over economic inequality, injustice and redistribution. To miss this connection is to ignore something crucial about the nature of recognition and its connection to any radical, transformative

in Recognition and Global Politics
Gumboot dance in South Africa
Dana Mills

The Hungry Earth was criticised for its portrayal of an idyllic and harmonious pre-​colonial society, as well as for simplifying black–​white relationships (Gilbert 2001). It is clear that, whether critiqued or endorsed, this play was important in South African theatre history as well as in the history of racial and economic inequalities within the country. Gumboot dance has a crucial role in the play when it appears in scene 4.  The dance is depicted as part of the exposition of miners’ lives. On the role of the gumboot dance in the play Steadman notes:  ‘the

in Dance and politics
Ben Jackson

of the poor and underprivileged has been absent from politics in Britain and the United States in recent years. Both the Labour and Democratic parties conspicuously struggled to articulate a compelling public case for reducing poverty or narrowing economic inequality when they returned to office in the 1990s. In Britain, Labour’s adoption of centrist rhetoric after 1994 famously proved compatible with so-called ‘redistribution by stealth’: a concerted attempt to engineer non-negligible but unpublicised improvements in the incomes of the working poor. However, these

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
Bridget Byrne
Carla De Tona

factors and so to outcomes are complex, therefore, but the linkages are strong. (Kerr et al. 2014: 6) As well as socio-economic inequalities, the UK education system persists in producing unequal outcomes which are shaped by ethnicity and race. Again the causes are complex and multiple and will have significant overlap with questions of socio-economic inequalities. However, studies have shown how ethnic stereotyping by teachers impacts on educational outcomes, with a negative impact particularly on pupils of black Caribbean, Pakistani or Bangladeshi ethnicity (Burgess

in All in the mix
John Narayan

‘glorify these gains and give no attention to the brutalities and inequities, the regimentation and suppression’ which plagued the system of economic liberalism (LW11: 296–7). This was no understatement. Although US society in the 1920s was one of apparent prosperity, it was still marked by severe racist segregation, economic inequality, regressive income tax, precarious employment, lack of industrial democracy and a relatively non-existent welfare state. By the time of the Great Depression, when such material inequality and the lack of means to deal with such conditions

in John Dewey