For over five decades, the Cold War security agenda was distinguished by the principal strategic balance, that of a structure of bipolarity, between the United States (US) and the Soviet Union (USSR). This book seeks to draw from current developments in critical security studies in order to establish a new framework of inquiry for security in the Middle East. It addresses the need to redefine security in the Middle East. The focus is squarely on the Arab-Israeli context in general, and the Palestinian-Israeli context in particular. The character of Arab-Israeli relations are measured by the Israeli foreign policy debate from the 1950s to the 1990s. A dialogue between Islam and Islamism as a means to broaden the terrain on which conflict resolution and post-bipolar security in the Middle East is to be understood is presented. The Middle East peace process (MEPP) was an additional factor in problematizing the military-strategic concept of security in the Middle East. The shift in analysis from national security to human security reflects the transformations of the post-Cold War era by combining military with non-military concerns such as environmental damage, social unrest, economic mismanagement, cultural conflict, gender inequity and radical fundamentalism. By way of contrast to realist international relations (IR) theory, developing-world theorists have proposed a different set of variables to explain the unique challenges facing developing states. Finally, the book examines the significance of ecopolitics in security agendas in the Middle East.

out a pattern of coexistence with his biological and physical environment. International politics becomes ecopolitics ’ (Haas 1975 : 853; emphasis added). Likewise, and at about the same time (although in a much more normative vein), Sprout and Sprout ( 1971 ) insisted that the IR conversation should be moving ‘toward a politics of the planet Earth

in Recognition and Global Politics
Open Access (free)
Redefining security in the Middle East

issues related to cultural integration, confidence-building measures, inter-ethnic dialogue, people-to-people contacts, religious and other collective identifications, discourses and perceptions based on class, gender, religion, ethnicity, nationality, and so on. Finally, the book examines the significance of ecopolitics in security agendas in the Middle East. Essential natural resources such as

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Sustainability in Kim Stanley Robinson’s Science in the Capital trilogy

Capital trilogy continues the inquiry into environmentalism, ecopolitics, and sustainability that his groundbreaking Mars trilogy engages. Considering the impact of the future on science, society and politics on Earth allows Robinson to reconnect many of the issues explored in that trilogy directly to the infrastructure – the lifesupport system – of Earth. The Science in the Capital trilogy imagines a future that gestures towards clean energies as a replacement for carbon capital as a foundation for a new economic system. The depiction in this sf narrative of an

in Literature and sustainability

placed in the context of balanced natural and social eco-systems. These have long been part of eco-political and anarchist thought. Moreover, Purchase suggests that the fact that computer-generated particles self-organise when only supplied with a few programmed instructions as to how to function in a group further legitimates the anarchist claims for such ‘holistic’ kind of thinking. The fact that such a holistic approach has been overlooked or under-acknowledged is a moot point, but there are clearly huge implications for any kind of sociological theorising. How, for

in Changing anarchism
Open Access (free)
Ecopoetics, enjoyment and ecstatic hospitality

: 75, 77), prior to any identification, without any expectation of reciprocity, and beyond any possible calculation of collective wellbeing. In practice, however, hospitality towards the ‘arrivant’ is inevitably always qualified by one’s other duties of care, as Derrida reminds us with the tale of the biblical patriarch, Lot, himself a non-native inhabitant of Sodom, who offered up his own virgin daughters in place of his angelic guests to the Sodomites who wished to ‘penetrate’ them. An ecopolitical analogue of this might be the actions of those legislatures that

in Literature and sustainability