Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

Education 4 ➤ The background to education after World War II ➤ The principles of the 1944 Education Act ➤ The change to comprehensive schooling ➤ Analysis of Conservative policy in the 1980s ➤ The importance of the 1988 Education Act ➤ The effects of the National Curriculum, testing and league tables ➤ New Labour policies on education Until World War II the involvement of the state in British education has been variable and, at times, has even seemed reluctant. Being fundamentally a liberal culture, there has been a fear that state intervention might

in Understanding British and European political issues
1980–2000
Dominique Marshall

Introduction One of the goals of the photographers hired by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) during the 1990s and 2000s was to create images for the education of children and youth. For twenty years, CIDA sent these reproductions of images to schools in a multitude of formats, from magazines to videos, slide shows, games, picture books, and maps, produced in collaboration with academic specialists in education and the National Film Board of Canada (NFB). The attention and resources the international agency invested in the dissemination

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Some philosophical obstacles and their resolution
David Heyd

MCK11 1/10/2003 10:35 AM Page 196 11 Education to toleration: some philosophical obstacles and their resolution David Heyd Toleration as a perceptual shift of perspectives Moral education has played a central role in all major ethical systems of thought from Aristotle to Kant, from the Torah to socialist ideology. Providing the young with moral education is particularly tricky, since moral judgement, and even more so moral behaviour, does not come naturally to human beings. The incorporation of moral values and norms requires a distinctive effort and often

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Thomas Docherty

1 Thomas Docherty Aesthetic education and the demise of experience The philistine is intolerant.1 love naturally hates old age and keeps his distance from it 2 In 1913, Walter Benjamin was a central figure alongside his teacher, Gustav Wyneken, in the ‘German Youth Movement’, agitating for substantial reforms in the German educational system and, beyond that, in German society. He placed one of his first serious publications, an essay entitled ‘Experience’, in Der Anfang, the magazine of the movement, as a contribution to the debates. In this essay, he points

in The new aestheticism
Theatre of Debate
Simon Parry

4 Theatre, education and the politics of life itself: Theatre of Debate Over the first two decades of the twenty-first century, one UK-based theatre company systematically engaged with emergent themes in the biological and related sciences probably more than any other, at least in terms of the number of productions, collaborations with scientists and other experts, and total audiences reached. Unlike the practices discussed so far in this book though, most of Y Touring Theatre Company’s work was not presented within theatres. Over this time Y Touring worked

in Science in performance
Alex Mold

, however, ranged beyond service structure and delivery. This chapter will consider the implications of the growing impact of consumerism on British health policy and practice by examining a series of health education campaigns conducted during the 1980s. Such an analysis will take into account how consumerist tropes were used in the framing and delivery of these campaigns, but also how ‘consumers’ received such messages. Considering the relationship between consumerism, health education, and the public extends our

in Posters, protests, and prescriptions
David Gribble

10 David Gribble Good news for Francisco Ferrer – how anarchist ideals in education have survived around the world1 Introduction This chapter discusses the educational ideas of Francisco Ferrer, as expressed in his book The origin and ideals of the Modern School (1913) and compares these ideas with actual practice in anarchist schools early in the twentieth century. I suggest that a parallel movement grew up during the last century in the progressive or democratic schools which was in many ways closer in spirit to Ferrer than these early anarchist schools

in Changing anarchism
Lucy Bassett and J. Charles Bradley

ensure these groups receive the attention needed. The upcoming revisions to the Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE) Minimum Standards provide a first opportunity to do this. Second, add material on ECD to existing or planned training on humanitarian standards and guidance and develop complementary products to accompany these documents, such as case studies, video series, webinars, podcasts and illustrations or other visuals. Training is an effective way to reach practitioners with essential information. Third, develop practical guidance on

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Expanding Gender Norms to Marriage Drivers Facing Boys and Men in South Sudan
Michelle Lokot, Lisa DiPangrazio, Dorcas Acen, Veronica Gatpan, and Ronald Apunyo

mortality and morbidity ( Raj et al. , 2010 ; Nour, 2006 ), and unequal power dynamics which may lead to intimate partner violence ( Kidman, 2017 ; Erulkar, 2013 ). Child marriage is linked to adolescent pregnancy which has ripple effects, including reduced participation in economic development ( Chaaban and Cunningham, 2011 ). Married girls may drop out of school or have poor education outcomes ( Delprato et al. , 2015 ). Married girls also have less access to health services ( Godha et al. , 2013 ; Nasrullah et al. , 2013 ). In sub-Saharan Africa, recent studies

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

their own welfare and services – including education and health care – within the private sphere of their homes and local communities. The withdrawal and deterioration of UNRWA services available in the public sphere is ultimately paralleled by the increasing demand on Palestinian individuals, families and communities to be self-sufficient, in spite of the long-standing (and arguably increasing) precarity of their situations. UNRWA: A Brief Background UNRWA was established by UN General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 302 (IV) in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs