Arjun Claire

been conceived as a triumph of reason and rationality over emotions. To the extent it relies on emotions, it carefully directs them through curated narratives deployed in the realisation of predetermined advocacy objectives ( Fernandes, 2017 : 2). With humanitarian actors increasingly engaging in specific thematic issues and policy changes, they have privileged authoritative facts that positions them as experts, enhancing their legitimacy in the eyes of decision

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Laughing and Grinning through “Sonny’s Blues”
James Nikopoulos

The protagonists in James Baldwin’s 1957 short story “Sonny’s Blues” are constantly smiling and laughing. The story’s narrator notices these gestures and utilizes them to grasp at clarity when clarity seems out of reach. This article examines the narrator’s focus on this duo of facial expressions which reliably denote positive emotion. The relationship we maintain between our smiles and our laughter structures many of the narrator’s interactions with the story’s hero. More though, this relationship between smiles, laughter, and a kind of joy resembles the relationship Baldwin has described between the blues and the world this genre of music depicts.

James Baldwin Review
Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
Valérie Gorin

of the twentieth century, all participated in forming injunctions to care about and react to the injustice exposed. Drawing from recent scholarship building on emotions and humanitarianism, this paper thus considers early humanitarian films as a form of ‘mediated humanitarian affect’; by the 1920s, this media technology offered a new ‘scale of mediated communication, sensorial range of human experience, and capaciousness of moral attention’ ( Ross, 2020 : 169). The movies not only proposed ‘inducements to affective expression’ (175) but were the key component of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanity and Solidarity
Tanja R. Müller
and
Róisín Read

-called evidence-based advocacy, that seems to leave little room for emotion and compassion, in similar ways has disempowered affected populations and ignored their aspirations. In demonstrating the various forms these real or imagined tensions between reason and emotion have taken in the history of témoignage , the article advances the argument that témoignage still has the potential to show real solidarity with affected populations and take their own life worlds and aspirations seriously – and in doing

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Valérie Gorin

you can bang at them by showing what’s happening. They often say that they have multiple priorities and it’s falling on deaf ears even though they have sympathy to the cause. So, to get them empathetically involved, we have to elicit emotions, and sometimes visual evidence is a preferred approach. MD: The visual side is often very powerful … I’ve had this discussion with the governments of Sudan and Angola; most of them don’t like our interpretation of the facts. But they rarely dispute the medical data. The use of medical data is what I would call a non

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
1980–2000
Dominique Marshall

et al. , 1991 : 11). Images, they wrote, had the power to communicate directly to young audiences, through their senses. They offered unique possibilities to bring to the attention of children the specific nature of people of faraway countries. Accordingly, the teachers’ guide offered an introduction to the ‘cognition and emotions’ of children at each stage of their growth, and matched them with types of activities most likely to teach them about the Global South. The booklet was organized around the relation of the psychology of specific age groups with ethics and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

Mission Lifeline’s Lifeline , who was tried in a Maltese court in 2018–19, seemed to be in a much better position to appeal to mainstream Germans, being middle-aged, male and a self-confessed conservative who used to vote for the Christian Social Union; however, his court case had not attracted nearly as much attention as Rackete’s. Third, particularly vulnerable, innocent and/or deserving victims, whose mediatised suffering often prompts an outpouring of public emotion, were never the focus of the narrative about the Sea-Watch 3 . By the time the boat entered the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Resilience and the Language of Compassion
Diego I. Meza

of performance that produces exemplary dispositions of emotion and action on distant others for publics to identify with’ ( Chouliaraki, 2012 : 3). Instrumental in this pedagogical practice of new humanitarianism are the discourses of civil servants, politicians and celebrities, used not only to embody the humanity of the institutions that they represent, but also to codify the suffering of people into neoliberal categories ( Sözer, 2019 : 15). Contemporary humanitarianism does, however, aim to alleviate the suffering of the vulnerable and increase their

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Jeffrey Flynn

time (125), had an impact. By mid-September 1968, L’Express published a poll showing that the people whose plight aroused the most emotion were the Biafrans, at 42 per cent, with the Czechoslovaks and Vietnamese in second and third place (129). The four chapters of Heerten’s book contained in Part II – ‘Biafra on a Global Stage’ – do a masterful job of weaving together various historical strands to show how the humanitarian lens that framed Biafra drew on

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sara Wong

of the nature of the work at PositiveNegatives, we also needed to bring on specialist expertise for this project. Andrei Gomez Suarez, an academic whose work focuses on the Colombian peace process, narratives and emotions, was brought on board to act as co-producer, scriptwriter and ‘bridge’ for our artistic outputs in Colombia (although, many of us wore a number of hats throughout this project, so characterising our roles neatly is no easy feat

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs