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This book seeks to review the state of political issues early in the twenty-first century, when New Labour is in its second term of office. As part of the updating process it became necessary to choose which political issues are important. The book includes the main issues which appear in current Advanced Level Politics syllabuses. In the case of Edexcel, which offers a specific political issues option in its A2 specification, all the specified issues have been included. The book deals with the process of constitutional and political change which are issues in themselves. It also includes material on constitutional reform (incorporating the recent development of human rights in Britain), and devolution. The book includes the global recession and other recent political developments and looks at the important issues in British politics since 1945. It examines the key issues of British politics today: economic policy, the Welfare State, law and order, environment policy, Northern Ireland, issues concerning women, European integration and the European Union, and the impact of the European Union on Britain. The book also deals with the European Union and Britain's relationship to it. Finally, it must be emphasised that Britain's relationship to the European Union is in itself a political issue which has fundamentally changed the party system.

Analysing the linkages and exploring possibilities for improving health and wellbeing
Warren Smit

policies and actions to improve the healthiness of food environments: A proposed government healthy food environment policy index . Obesity Reviews , 14 ( S1 ): 24–37 . Townshend , T. , and Lake , A.A. ( 2009 ). Obesogenic urban form: Theory, policy and practice . Health & Place , 15 ( 4 ): 909–16 . Townshend , T. , and Lake , A. ( 2017 ). Obesogenic environments: Current evidence of the built and food environments . Perspectives in Public Health , 137 ( 1 ): 38–44 . Turner , C. , Kadiyala , S. , Aggarwal , A. , Coates , J. , Drewnowski

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
Open Access (free)
Stealing from the university
Remi Joseph-Salisbury
Laura Connelly

’. 33 Many times, when anxiously (and embarrassedly) waiting for our respective universities to pay our community partners, or when our partners have been made to jump through the hoops of hostile environment policy, 34 we have wondered whether it would simply be easier to find funding outside of the university machine. Notwithstanding the importance of funding, there are also, as Rosa explains, university resources beyond the immediately financial. Time can be stolen and so

in Anti-racist scholar-activism
Open Access (free)
Fragmented structures in a complex system
Andreas Maurer

, especially on those which are also debated at the national level. Hence, one can identify some kind 2444Ch5 3/12/02 2:02 pm Page 117 Germany 117 of ‘Europeanised’ party cleavages which have developed along the path of European treaty reforms in the areas of social and employment policy, equal opportunities policy, environment policy and home and judicial cooperation. 18 This change in tone reflects a more pragmatic and less ‘idealistic’ approach towards European integration. German political players try to increase their influence on the implementation and the

in Fifteen into one?
David Barling

for Food Safety and the Lessons to Be Learned, April, Edinburgh, HMSO. HMSO (1999), Food Standards Act 1999, London, HMSO, chapter 28. chap 5 13/8/04 4:22 pm Page 127 Food agencies as an institutional response 127 James, P. (1997), Food Standards Agency: An Interim Proposal, 30 April, London, Department of Health. Jones, A. and Clark, J. (2001), The Modalities of European Union Governance: New Institutionalist Explanations of Agri-Environment Policy, Oxford, Oxford University Press. Krebs, J. (2003a), Speech to Westminster Diet and Health Forum Seminar, 3

in Qualities of food
Open Access (free)
Tony Fitzpatrick

that few regard as desirable. Poverty bears an environmental dimension, since the poorest are those most likely to suffer from ecological degradation. However, although many anti-poverty policies will be environmentally benign, and many pro-environment policies will reduce poverty, the conjunction between social justice and environmental sustainability is by no means total. Some anti-poverty policies may need to be environmentally damaging, e.g. a dash for GDP growth, and some proenvironment policies may be detrimental to the poor, e.g. price rises on scarce

in After the new social democracy