Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell and Peter Hailey

three additional countries suffered – or teetered on the edge of – famine, while rapidly increasing numbers of people faced acute food insecurity of a slightly less severe degree ( FEWS NET, 2017 ; IPC, 2020 ). ‘Famine’ has both human and political connotations. In human terms, it means destruction of livelihoods – to the point of destitution with large numbers of food-insecure people, increased severe malnutrition, disease epidemics, excess death and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The handling of the deceased during the COVID-19 pandemic, a case study in France and Switzerland
Gaëlle Clavandier, Marc-Antoine Berthod, Philippe Charrier, Martin Julier-Costes, and Veronica Pagnamenta

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about an unprecedented global crisis. To limit the spread of the virus and the associated excess mortality, states and governing bodies have produced a series of regulations and recommendations from a health perspective. The funerary aspects of these directives have reconfigured not only the ways in which the process of dying can be accompanied, but also the management of dead bodies, impacting on the dying, their relatives and professionals in the sector. Since March 2020, the entire process of separation and farewell has been affected, giving rise to public debates about funeral restrictions and the implications for mourning. We carried out a study in France and Switzerland to measure the effects of this crisis, and in particular to explore whether it has involved a shift from a funerary approach to a strictly mortuary one. Have the practices that would normally be observed in non-pandemic times been irrevocably altered? Does this extend to all deaths? Has there been a switch to an exclusively technical handling? Are burial practices still respected? The results of the present study pertain to the ‘first wave’ of spring 2020 and focus on the practices of professionals working in the funeral sector.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Lachlan McIver, Maria Guevara, and Gabriel Alcoba

phenomenon, the early data suggests that those concerns were well-founded, with excess deaths from malaria epidemics in Zimbabwe in early 2020 measured in the tens of thousands ( Gavi et al. , 2021 ). Of course, malaria and NTDs represent only a fraction of the illnesses and deaths that have occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic. Other infectious diseases have caused millions of deaths throughout this period. The burden of drug-resistant infections – already approaching one million

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Infectious Disease
Duncan McLean and Michaël Neuman

decries a more nefarious side, an increase in illness and death as a direct consequence of ‘policies and political decisions made in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic’. More specifically the authors point to a range of neglected tropical and non-communicable diseases where indicators of excess mortality are already emerging. They conclude with a plea to address ‘health problems that have been overlooked and amplified’ during the current crisis, and warn of the likelihood of a repetition as new

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

million people remained in extreme poverty (less than US$1.90 per day) in 2015, while nearly one in every two people in the world (46 per cent) were trying to live on less than US$5.70 per day ( World Bank, 2018 : 69). Global hunger, once in decline, has increased over the past three years, reaching a level in excess of 821 million people ( WHO, 2018a ), while Asia had the highest absolute number (515 million people), sub-Saharan Africa had the highest prevalence, with 23

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

of the aid system. This interaction of behavioural profiles raises the question – if this design experiment is to succeed, what type of manager or recipient behaviour is ideally preferred or allowed? An examination of HPG’s actor profiles reveals an excess of positivity. While many exhibit difficulties, constraints and fears, none present a fundamental or systemic challenge. There is an assumption that, in opening to divergent cross-boundary interactions, success is possible because reasonable people recognise some shared responsibility in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
How people and organizations create and manage excess

This book presents studies of ways in which people and organizations deal with the overflow of information, goods, or choices. The contributors explore two main themes. The first is the emergence of overflows: What is defined as overflow? Here the notion of framing as coined by Michel Callon has guided our approach. There is no overflow until some flow has been framed; framing means defining, and defining means imposing borders. Who does it, how, and why? The answer to these questions necessitates an historical and comparative approach. What one culture defines as necessity, another may see as excess, and these differences can exist even between different levels of the same social hierarchy. The second theme is the management of overflows, in the double meaning of the term: as controlling and as coping. Coping with overflow means learning to live with it; controlling overflow requires various skills and devices. The individual chapters show the management of overflow taking place in various social settings, periods, and political contexts: From the attempts of states to manage future consumption overflow in post-war Eastern European to the contemporary economies of sharing. Other contributions focus on overflow in healthcare administration, overflow problems in mass travel and migration, overflow in digital services, and the overflow that scholars face in dealing with an abundance of research information and publications. This edited volume belongs to the transdisciplinary social sciences, and therefore it should be of interest to sociologists, management scholars, economists, historians, anthropologists, and cultural studies scholars.

Open Access (free)
Orvar Löfgren and Barbara Czarniawska

solutions are developed to handle blockages and overspill in work processes, caused by things and people alike. 2 Overwhelmed by overflows A uniting theme in this debate is ‘too much’; but how much is ‘too’ much? And too much of what? In addition, and perhaps most important: why ‘a problematic excess’ rather than ‘a delightful abundance’? It was such ambiguities and tensions that motivated us to develop a research project on the management of overflow. Situations and sites where flow is seen as turning into a positive or negative overflow offer the opportunity to

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
Open Access (free)
Jenny Edkins

inevitability of a lack or an excess – in other words, the impossibility of certainty – does not mean abandoning hope, or giving up on dreams altogether. EDKINS 9781526119032 PRINT.indd 214 22/02/2019 08:35 conclusion 215 A problem arises, Lauren Berlant tells us, when what we are holding on to, what we desire, is actually what is holding us back. She points to the example of a violent relationship, where we know it is doing us harm, destroying us even, but yet we cannot give up on it – because we cannot see ourselves surviving without it. She calls this ‘cruel

in Change and the politics of certainty
Open Access (free)
January to September 2008
Oonagh McDonald

2 From Hubris to Nemesis: January to September 2008 January 2008: outlook rosy In its financial report for the fiscal year ending 30 November 2007, published on 29 January 2008, Lehman Brothers reported record revenues of nearly $60bn, and record earnings in excess of $4bn. The highlights of the report included net revenues of $19.3bn (a 10 per cent increase over the previous year and the fifth consecutive record) and a net income of $4.2bn (a 5 per cent increase over the previous year and the fourth consecutive record

in Lehman Brothers