How people and organizations create and manage excess

This book presents studies of ways in which people and organizations deal with the overflow of information, goods, or choices. The contributors explore two main themes. The first is the emergence of overflows: What is defined as overflow? Here the notion of framing as coined by Michel Callon has guided our approach. There is no overflow until some flow has been framed; framing means defining, and defining means imposing borders. Who does it, how, and why? The answer to these questions necessitates an historical and comparative approach. What one culture defines as necessity, another may see as excess, and these differences can exist even between different levels of the same social hierarchy. The second theme is the management of overflows, in the double meaning of the term: as controlling and as coping. Coping with overflow means learning to live with it; controlling overflow requires various skills and devices. The individual chapters show the management of overflow taking place in various social settings, periods, and political contexts: From the attempts of states to manage future consumption overflow in post-war Eastern European to the contemporary economies of sharing. Other contributions focus on overflow in healthcare administration, overflow problems in mass travel and migration, overflow in digital services, and the overflow that scholars face in dealing with an abundance of research information and publications. This edited volume belongs to the transdisciplinary social sciences, and therefore it should be of interest to sociologists, management scholars, economists, historians, anthropologists, and cultural studies scholars.

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Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

(less than US$1.90 per day) in 2015, while nearly one in every two people in the world (46 per cent) were trying to live on less than US$5.70 per day ( World Bank, 2018 : 69). Global hunger, once in decline, has increased over the past three years, reaching a level in excess of 821 million people ( WHO, 2018a ), while Asia had the highest absolute number (515 million people), sub-Saharan Africa had the highest prevalence, with 23.2 per cent of people suffering from chronic

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

social milieu impacted, are transitory portals that allow a penetration and reaching across organisational boundaries. They enable mangers to improve their empathy while increasing the disaster-affected’s positive experience of the aid system. This interaction of behavioural profiles raises the question – if this design experiment is to succeed, what type of manager or recipient behaviour is ideally preferred or allowed? An examination of HPG’s actor profiles reveals an excess of positivity. While many exhibit difficulties, constraints and fears

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Orvar Löfgren and Barbara Czarniawska

solutions are developed to handle blockages and overspill in work processes, caused by things and people alike. 2 Overwhelmed by overflows A uniting theme in this debate is ‘too much’; but how much is ‘too’ much? And too much of what? In addition, and perhaps most important: why ‘a problematic excess’ rather than ‘a delightful abundance’? It was such ambiguities and tensions that motivated us to develop a research project on the management of overflow. Situations and sites where flow is seen as turning into a positive or negative overflow offer the opportunity to

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
Open Access (free)
Jenny Edkins

inevitability of a lack or an excess – in other words, the impossibility of certainty – does not mean abandoning hope, or giving up on dreams altogether. EDKINS 9781526119032 PRINT.indd 214 22/02/2019 08:35 conclusion 215 A problem arises, Lauren Berlant tells us, when what we are holding on to, what we desire, is actually what is holding us back. She points to the example of a violent relationship, where we know it is doing us harm, destroying us even, but yet we cannot give up on it – because we cannot see ourselves surviving without it. She calls this ‘cruel

in Change and the politics of certainty
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January to September 2008
Oonagh McDonald

2 From Hubris to Nemesis: January to September 2008 January 2008: outlook rosy In its financial report for the fiscal year ending 30 November 2007, published on 29 January 2008, Lehman Brothers reported record revenues of nearly $60bn, and record earnings in excess of $4bn. The highlights of the report included net revenues of $19.3bn (a 10 per cent increase over the previous year and the fifth consecutive record) and a net income of $4.2bn (a 5 per cent increase over the previous year and the fourth consecutive record

in Lehman Brothers
Demand-side abundance and its discontents in Hungary during the long 1960s
György Péteri

effort to theorizing about the phenomenon of sustained shortages in socialist economies. In his Anti-equilibrium (Kornai, 1971), a critique of the general (Walrasian) theory of equilibrium, he suggested an alternative framework for thinking about economies in general. His claim was that modern economies were typically non-equilibrium economies; their normal state was either that of ‘suction’ (sustained shortages of goods and services) or that of ‘pressure’ (sustained overflow [supply in excess of effective demand] of goods and services). In his Economics of shortage

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
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Managing overflow in science publishing
Sabina Siebert, Robert Insall and Laura M. Machesky

7 More means less: managing overflow in science publishing Sabina Siebert, Robert Insall, and Laura M. Machesky Overflow (also referred to as surplus, excess, or overspill) is the opposite of scarcity. Yet as Czarniawska and Löfgren (2012) noted, overflow can be construed as either positive (more means better) or negative (too much of a good thing). But no matter how it is defined and whose perspective one considers, they contend, overflow must be managed. Earlier studies revealed a variety of practical definitions of overflow and a variety of managing devices

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
Author: Eric Pudney

This book situates witchcraft drama within its cultural and intellectual context, highlighting the centrality of scepticism and belief in witchcraft to the genre. It is argued that these categories are most fruitfully understood not as static and mutually exclusive positions within the debate around witchcraft, but as rhetorical tools used within it. In drama, too, scepticism and belief are vital issues. The psychology of the witch character is characterised by a combination of impious scepticism towards God and credulous belief in the tricks of the witch’s master, the devil. Plays which present plausible depictions of witches typically use scepticism as a support: the witch’s power is subject to important limitations which make it easier to believe. Plays that take witchcraft less seriously present witches with unrestrained power, an excess of belief which ultimately induces scepticism. But scepticism towards witchcraft can become a veneer of rationality concealing other beliefs that pass without sceptical examination. The theatrical representation of witchcraft powerfully demonstrates its uncertain status as a historical and intellectual phenomenon; belief and scepticism in witchcraft drama are always found together, in creative tension with one another.

Framing excess in a Swedish newspaper group
Elena Raviola

5 Just like any other business or a special case? Framing excess in a Swedish newspaper group Elena Raviola Few have missed the fact that the daily press is in crisis. Honestly, there has been so much nagging about it in the daily press that many readers have ended their subscriptions just to avoid reading more complaints about it. (Aagård, 2015: 5)1 Dramatic headlines about the more or less imminent death of the traditional daily press have, in fact, filled pages of newspapers, magazines, and even scientific journals. Since Philip Meyer (2004) predicted in The

in Overwhelmed by overflows?