Feminism is one of the most recent ideologies to emerge, although its
origins can be traced far back into history. We examine its historical
roots and identify and discuss the different forms of feminism that have
developed over the last two centuries. We then link feminism with other
ideologies and conclude with a critique and assessment of feminism in
the modern world
Sa r a Ah me d
n my last post, I explored the question of fragility (Ahmed, 2014e). Behind
my exploration was a reposing of the question of response and responsibility: how can we respond to the histories that leave some bodies, some
relationships, more fragile than others? How can we face up to those histories of losing face?
We can be shattered by what we come up against.
And then we come up against it again.
We can be exhausted by what we come up against.
And then we come up against it again.
The question of
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action1
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos
humanitarianism as universal, supports the idea that humanitarian values and
practices are superior to those of other cultures. Consequently, local cultures are
essentialised as, and subsumed to, inherently vulnerable and incompatible with
gender equality – which is presented as an external, Western value ( Olivius, 2017 : 60).
Feminist scholarship has made significant advances in both challenging the notion of
feminism as a Western movement (see Ehlers,
2016 : 354) as well as
Black Queer Feminism and the Sexual Politics of Another Country
This essay explores Black queer feminist readings of the sexual politics of James Baldwin’s Another Country. Recent work at the intersection of queer of color critique and Black feminism allows us to newly appreciate Baldwin’s prescient theorization of the workings of racialized and gendered power within the erotic. Previous interpretations of Another Country have focused on what is perceived as a liberal idealization of white gay male intimacy. I argue that this approach requires a selective reading of the novel that occludes its more complex portrayal of a web of racially fraught, power-stricken, and often violent sexual relationships. When we de-prioritize white gay male eroticism and pursue analyses of a broader range of erotic scenes, a different vision of Baldwin’s sexual imaginary emerges. I argue that far from idealizing, Another Country presents sex within a racist, homophobic, and sexist world to be a messy terrain of pleasure, pain, and political urgency. An unsettling vision, to be sure, but one that, if we as readers are to seek more equitable erotic imaginaries, must be reckoned with.
In 2018, the global #MeToo movement turned its attention to the aid industry,
after scandals at Oxfam and Save the Children highlighted the sexual harassment,
abuse and assault prevalent in the sector. This article explores #MeToo in the
context of the aid industry (informally known by many participants as #AidToo),
particularly within a British context. The article argues that the aid industry
exists in a historical, social and political space that is particularly
volatile. The abusive behaviour of men in the sector is shaped and enabled by
race, class and gender inequalities, which undermine many of the stated aims of
international aid programmes. The humanitarian and development aid sector will
not eradicate this behaviour until it recognises how it is enabled and
encouraged by these inequalities. The article argues that the aid sector needs
to develop an ethical code of conduct around sexual relationships, harassment
and abuse that recognises power inequalities within the sector and seeks to
protect vulnerable individuals.
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti
The Refugee Woman, Her Saviours and Schemes of Improvement
In this article we are inspired by postcolonial feminist writings in gender and
development, from which we derive a number of theoretical points of departure and
analytical strategies. Feminism and postcolonialism are wedded in their efforts to
disrupt ‘the boundaries that divide what’s inside from the outside,
but also what’s superior from inferior ’ ( Ling, 2017 : 478, emphasis
added ). In an early seminal
International Development Studies ’,
in de Jong ,
S. , Icaza ,
R. and Rutazibwa ,
O. U. (eds), Decolonization and
Feminisms in Global Teaching and Learning ( London :
Routledge ), pp.
192 – 214 .
M. ( 2017 ),
Decolonising Intervention: International Statebuilding in Mozambique
( London : Rowman & Littlefield
G. ( 2016 ), White
Innocence: Paradoxes of Colonialism and Race ( Durham,
NC : Duke University Press ).
showcase the potential for important research to emerge
when academics and practitioners collaborate meaningfully. The feminist ethos at the
heart of these collaborations showcases what more explicitly feminist approaches to
humanitarian research and practice can offer. Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos tackles this
question explicitly, offering a thoughtful and insightful commentary on the
compatibility of feminism and humanitarian principles. He questions the idea that gender
equality as a goal runs counter
( 2018 ), ‘ Being Black Working in a White
Male-Dominated Aid Industry ’, African
Feminism , 8
June , https://africanfeminism.com/being-black-and-working-in-a-white-male-dominated-aid-industry-by-rosebell-kagumire/
( 2009 ), ‘ Invisible Colour
( 2016 ), ‘ Feminism, Masculinity and Male
Rape: Bringing Male Rape “Out of the
Closet” ’, Journal of Gender
Studies , 25 : 3 ,
283 – 93 .