Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison
Tony Boyd

Feminism is one of the most recent ideologies to emerge, although its origins can be traced far back into history. We examine its historical roots and identify and discuss the different forms of feminism that have developed over the last two centuries. We then link feminism with other ideologies and conclude with a critique and assessment of feminism in the modern world

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Sara Ahmed

 59 4 FEMINIST HURT/​ FEMINISM HURTS1 Sa r a Ah me d I n my last post, I explored the question of fragility (Ahmed, 2014e). Behind my exploration was a reposing of the question of response and responsibility: how can we respond to the histories that leave some bodies, some relationships, more fragile than others? How can we face up to those histories of losing face? We can be shattered by what we come up against. And then we come up against it again. We can be exhausted by what we come up against. And then we come up against it again. The question of

in The power of vulnerability
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action 1
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

humanitarianism as universal, supports the idea that humanitarian values and practices are superior to those of other cultures. Consequently, local cultures are essentialised as, and subsumed to, inherently vulnerable and incompatible with gender equality – which is presented as an external, Western value ( Olivius, 2017 : 60). Feminist scholarship has made significant advances in both challenging the notion of feminism as a Western movement (see Ehlers, 2016 : 354) as well as

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Black Queer Feminism and the Sexual Politics of Another Country
Matty Hemming

This essay explores Black queer feminist readings of the sexual politics of James Baldwin’s Another Country. Recent work at the intersection of queer of color critique and Black feminism allows us to newly appreciate Baldwin’s prescient theorization of the workings of racialized and gendered power within the erotic. Previous interpretations of Another Country have focused on what is perceived as a liberal idealization of white gay male intimacy. I argue that this approach requires a selective reading of the novel that occludes its more complex portrayal of a web of racially fraught, power-stricken, and often violent sexual relationships. When we de-prioritize white gay male eroticism and pursue analyses of a broader range of erotic scenes, a different vision of Baldwin’s sexual imaginary emerges. I argue that far from idealizing, Another Country presents sex within a racist, homophobic, and sexist world to be a messy terrain of pleasure, pain, and political urgency. An unsettling vision, to be sure, but one that, if we as readers are to seek more equitable erotic imaginaries, must be reckoned with.

James Baldwin Review
The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

In 2018, the global #MeToo movement turned its attention to the aid industry, after scandals at Oxfam and Save the Children highlighted the sexual harassment, abuse and assault prevalent in the sector. This article explores #MeToo in the context of the aid industry (informally known by many participants as #AidToo), particularly within a British context. The article argues that the aid industry exists in a historical, social and political space that is particularly volatile. The abusive behaviour of men in the sector is shaped and enabled by race, class and gender inequalities, which undermine many of the stated aims of international aid programmes. The humanitarian and development aid sector will not eradicate this behaviour until it recognises how it is enabled and encouraged by these inequalities. The article argues that the aid sector needs to develop an ethical code of conduct around sexual relationships, harassment and abuse that recognises power inequalities within the sector and seeks to protect vulnerable individuals.

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond
Catia Gregoratti

. The Refugee Woman, Her Saviours and Schemes of Improvement In this article we are inspired by postcolonial feminist writings in gender and development, from which we derive a number of theoretical points of departure and analytical strategies. Feminism and postcolonialism are wedded in their efforts to disrupt ‘the boundaries that divide what’s inside from the outside, but also what’s superior from inferior ’ ( Ling, 2017 : 478, emphasis added ). In an early seminal

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

International Development Studies ’, in de Jong , S. , Icaza , R. and Rutazibwa , O. U. (eds), Decolonization and Feminisms in Global Teaching and Learning ( London : Routledge ), pp. 192 – 214 . Sabaratnam , M. ( 2017 ), Decolonising Intervention: International Statebuilding in Mozambique ( London : Rowman & Littlefield International ). Wekker , G. ( 2016 ), White Innocence: Paradoxes of Colonialism and Race ( Durham, NC : Duke University Press ).

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Róisín Read

showcase the potential for important research to emerge when academics and practitioners collaborate meaningfully. The feminist ethos at the heart of these collaborations showcases what more explicitly feminist approaches to humanitarian research and practice can offer. Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos tackles this question explicitly, offering a thoughtful and insightful commentary on the compatibility of feminism and humanitarian principles. He questions the idea that gender equality as a goal runs counter

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Gender Norm Change during Displacement?
Michelle Lokot

were strong reasons to push back on gendered expectations. Amira, a young woman pursuing university education, talked about how she has her own nasawiyeh [feminism]. Her views emerged from her own reading and the fact that her family lived without ‘intervention’ from relatives due to her father’s work as an educator, which caused them to live far from family. She said, ‘These limits, we created it […] I believe that women can, but are not

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle
Sarah Martin
, and
Henri Myrttinen

, R. ( 2018 ), ‘ Being Black Working in a White Male-Dominated Aid Industry ’, African Feminism , 8 June , (accessed 31 July 2020 ). Loftsdóttir , K. ( 2009 ), ‘ Invisible Colour

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs