Social welfare for the twenty-first century

Social democracy has made a political comeback in recent years, especially under the influence of the ‘Third Way’. Not everyone is convinced, however, that ‘Third Way’ social democracy is the best means of reviving the Left's project. This book considers this dissent and offers an alternative approach. Bringing together a range of social and political theories, it engages with some contemporary debates regarding the present direction and future of the Left. Drawing upon egalitarian, feminist and environmental ideas, the book proposes that the social democratic tradition can be renewed but only if the dominance of conservative ideas is challenged more effectively. It explores a number of issues with this aim in mind, including justice, the state, democracy, new technologies, future generations and the advances in genetics.

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‘“United action” in Continental politics’

by arbitration and the avoidance of conflict. This was distinct from feminist revisions of patriotism, which focused on the effects of women’s enfranchisement and argued that women would be loyal to a higher ideal, or a more moral and humane nation. The contributions of Peckover and Robinson to pacifist feminist ideas can be seen in the impact that both had upon the roles of women within the peace movement, especially the Peace Society. By opening up new channels to women and demonstrating that they could make a useful contribution to pacifist arguments, Peckover

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Pacifist feminism in Britain, 1870–1902

This book explores the pervasive influence of pacifism on Victorian feminism. It provides an account of Victorian women who campaigned for peace, and of the many feminists who incorporated pacifist ideas into their writing on women and gender. The book explores feminists' ideas about the role of women within the empire, their eligibility for citizenship, and their ability to act as moral guardians in public life. It shows that such ideas made use – in varying ways – of gendered understandings of the role of force and the relevance of arbitration and other pacifist strategies. The book examines the work of a wide range of individuals and organisations, from well-known feminists such as Lydia Becker, Josephine Butler and Millicent Garrett Fawcett to lesser-known figures such as the Quaker pacifists Ellen Robinson and Priscilla Peckover.

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pacifist ideas into their wider political analysis of women’s position. Feministsideas of their role within the empire, their eligibility for citizenship and their suitability to act as moral guardians in public life, all made use in varying ways of gendered understandings of the role of force and the relevance of pacifist strategies such as arbitration. As a result, peace ideas had a pervasive influence on the Victorian women’s movement. Recent works by Sandi E. Cooper and Leila J. Rupp have also addressed some of the issues with which this book is concerned. Cooper

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’

warnings in the next section, as the difficulty or impossibility of answering the ‘when’ question is one key motivation for those who choose not to give warnings. Another difficulty arises from the possibility and reality that any feminist idea, principle or practice can (and often will) be taken out of its original context and used for purposes precisely opposite to what the idea or principle was created for (see Gill and Elias, 2014). Trigger warnings have also been de-​rooted and appropriated to various contexts at the same time as claims of vulnerability have gained

in The power of vulnerability
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1990s gender-and-nation studies. This is demonstrated in their repeated citation, both overt and silent – in particular as regards the interlocking of national concepts and signifiers of femininity – in the influential work of critics such as Anne McClintock and Florence Stratton.6 Crossing feminist critique and postcolonial debates with political theories of the nation, initial attempts (my own and others’) to theorise the gender configurations of the postcolonial nation, brought feminist ideas into the heart of a field which was not particularly animated by women

in Stories of women
Feminist journals and peace questions

the Signal news of the Universal Peace Congresses and pacifist articles from diverse sources, including War or Brotherhood?, the peace journal of the Society of Friends.34 The progress of the Anglo-American Arbitration treaty of 1898 received detailed coverage in the Signal, as did the work of the International Council of Women (ICW) and the embryonic National Council of Women. Yet Fenwick Miller as editor avoided outspokenly pacifist arguments, instead condemning militarism and blending her critiques of war with feminist ideas. Ideas of progress were connected to

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Debates about potential and ambition in British socialist thought

, which had been developing for several decades, towards a greater attention to areas relating to children’s early years, not least as a reflection of the increased political influence of feminist ideas. M1738 - CALLAGHAN TEXT.indd 207 3/8/09 12:13:41 208 Resources for rethinking In part this emphasis on early years and upbringing was directed at the improvement of individual life chances. Equally, it chimed with the traditional social democratic aim of enabling people to fulfil their social and moral potential as cooperative, public-spirited and perhaps even

in In search of social democracy
The European Union and social democratic identity

9 Reformism in a ‘conservative’ system: the European Union and social democratic identity1 Gerassimos Moschonas Introduction Although the foundations and reference points on which the historical social democratic movement was built have not been completely undermined or exhausted, since the 1970s social democracy has been experiencing considerable change. During the 1990s in particular, social democracy underwent a phase of programmatic renewal. The evidence for this renewal abounds: openness to feminist ideas, minority rights, ecology, the adoption of a more

in In search of social democracy

This section provides, in the style of a dictionary, explanations of significant political events, groupings and developments.

in The politics today companion to West European Politics