Social democracy has made a political comeback in recent years, especially under the influence of the ‘Third Way’. Not everyone is convinced, however, that ‘Third Way’ social democracy is the best means of reviving the Left's project. This book considers this dissent and offers an alternative approach. Bringing together a range of social and political theories, it engages with some contemporary debates regarding the present direction and future of the Left. Drawing upon egalitarian, feminist and environmental ideas, the book proposes that the social democratic tradition can be renewed but only if the dominance of conservative ideas is challenged more effectively. It explores a number of issues with this aim in mind, including justice, the state, democracy, new technologies, future generations and the advances in genetics.
by arbitration and the avoidance of conflict. This was
distinct from feminist revisions of patriotism, which focused on the
effects of women’s enfranchisement and argued that women would be
loyal to a higher ideal, or a more moral and humane nation.
The contributions of Peckover and Robinson to pacifist feministideas can be seen in the impact that both had upon the roles of women
within the peace movement, especially the Peace Society. By opening up
new channels to women and demonstrating that they could make a
useful contribution to pacifist arguments, Peckover
This book explores the pervasive influence of pacifism on Victorian feminism. It provides an account of Victorian women who campaigned for peace, and of the many feminists who incorporated pacifist ideas into their writing on women and gender. The book explores feminists' ideas about the role of women within the empire, their eligibility for citizenship, and their ability to act as moral guardians in public life. It shows that such ideas made use – in varying ways – of gendered understandings of the role of force and the relevance of arbitration and other pacifist strategies. The book examines the work of a wide range of individuals and organisations, from well-known feminists such as Lydia Becker, Josephine Butler and Millicent Garrett Fawcett to lesser-known figures such as the Quaker pacifists Ellen Robinson and Priscilla Peckover.
pacifist ideas into their wider political analysis of women’s position.
Feminists’ ideas of their role within the empire, their eligibility for
citizenship and their suitability to act as moral guardians in public life,
all made use in varying ways of gendered understandings of the role
of force and the relevance of pacifist strategies such as arbitration. As a
result, peace ideas had a pervasive influence on the Victorian women’s
Recent works by Sandi E. Cooper and Leila J. Rupp have also
addressed some of the issues with which this book is concerned. Cooper
warnings in the next section, as the difficulty or impossibility of
answering the ‘when’ question is one key motivation for those who choose
not to give warnings.
Another difficulty arises from the possibility and reality that any feministidea, principle or practice can (and often will) be taken out of its original
context and used for purposes precisely opposite to what the idea or principle was created for (see Gill and Elias, 2014). Trigger warnings have also
been de-rooted and appropriated to various contexts at the same time as
claims of vulnerability have gained
1990s gender-and-nation studies. This is demonstrated in
their repeated citation, both overt and silent – in particular as regards the interlocking of national concepts and signiﬁers of femininity – in the inﬂuential
work of critics such as Anne McClintock and Florence Stratton.6 Crossing feminist critique and postcolonial debates with political theories of the nation,
initial attempts (my own and others’) to theorise the gender conﬁgurations of
the postcolonial nation, brought feministideas into the heart of a ﬁeld which
was not particularly animated by women
the Signal news of the Universal
Peace Congresses and pacifist articles from diverse sources, including War
or Brotherhood?, the peace journal of the Society of Friends.34 The progress of the Anglo-American Arbitration treaty of 1898 received detailed
coverage in the Signal, as did the work of the International Council
of Women (ICW) and the embryonic National Council of Women.
Yet Fenwick Miller as editor avoided outspokenly pacifist arguments,
instead condemning militarism and blending her critiques of war with
Ideas of progress were connected to
Debates about potential and ambition in British socialist thought
, which had been developing for several decades, towards a greater attention to areas relating to
children’s early years, not least as a reflection of the increased political
influence of feministideas.
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Resources for rethinking
In part this emphasis on early years and upbringing was directed at
the improvement of individual life chances. Equally, it chimed with the
traditional social democratic aim of enabling people to fulfil their social
and moral potential as cooperative, public-spirited and perhaps even
Reformism in a ‘conservative’ system: the
European Union and social democratic
Although the foundations and reference points on which the historical social democratic movement was built have not been completely
undermined or exhausted, since the 1970s social democracy has been
experiencing considerable change. During the 1990s in particular, social
democracy underwent a phase of programmatic renewal. The evidence
for this renewal abounds: openness to feministideas, minority rights,
ecology, the adoption of a more