Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell and Peter Hailey

three additional countries suffered – or teetered on the edge of – famine, while rapidly increasing numbers of people faced acute food insecurity of a slightly less severe degree ( FEWS NET, 2017 ; IPC, 2020 ). ‘Famine’ has both human and political connotations. In human terms, it means destruction of livelihoods – to the point of destitution with large numbers of food-insecure people, increased severe malnutrition, disease epidemics, excess death and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be Improved?
Aditya Sarkar, Benjamin J. Spatz, Alex de Waal, Christopher Newton, and Daniel Maxwell

Introduction Depending on how one counts, nine out of the ten ‘worst humanitarian crises’ in 2021 have been caused entirely, or at least in part, by violent conflict ( IRC, 2021 ), and almost all contemporary instances of famine and mass starvation 1 have been driven – at least in part – by violent conflict ( de Waal, 2018 ). 2 While the association between armed conflict and food insecurity is complex, ranging from

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanity and Solidarity
Tanja R. Müller and Róisín Read

independent and rigorous, though not exclusively quantitative, analysis. The reader may ponder how realistic such a prescription is, as similar to the term genocide, the term famine comes not only with specific connotations of destitution, but a call for action by the international (humanitarian) community that political leaders may always as much resist as welcome ( Read, 2016 ). Data on food insecurity and famine is always more than technical data, as Maxwell and Hailey’s six cases demonstrate in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Brendan T. Lawson

Introduction Quantification is an essential component of contemporary humanitarianism. It has manifested most clearly in the proliferation of indexes, metrics, indicators and rankings across the humanitarian sector: CATO’s Human Freedom Index rates each country on a scale of 0–10 to judge the freedom they allow their citizens, the UN’s Integrated Phase Classification categorises countries’ food insecurity into five quantitatively-based tiers to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Local Understandings of Resilience after Typhoon Haiyan in Tacloban City, Philippines
Ara Joy Pacoma, Yvonne Su, and Angelie Genotiva

)’. Like other studies, we found that social capital in the form of local and translocal ties have built household resilience through sharing food, sending money for meals and/or accommodating survivors immediately after disaster ( Pacoma and Delda, 2019 ; Su and Mangada, 2017 ; Aldrich and Sawada, 2015 ; Eadie and Su, 2018 ). Most participants reported that their food resilience was built from the food assistance provided by their own social ties. This supports prior literature that found that a resilience-based approach to food insecurity is through a household

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Expanding Gender Norms to Marriage Drivers Facing Boys and Men in South Sudan
Michelle Lokot, Lisa DiPangrazio, Dorcas Acen, Veronica Gatpan, and Ronald Apunyo

Introduction Child marriage occurs frequently in the post-conflict setting of South Sudan, where ongoing inter-clan violence is accompanied by food insecurity and significant humanitarian need. Child marriage – defined as a union where one or more partners is aged under 18 – is a significant problem across the world. Globally, one in every five girls is married before the age of 18, while one in every three of these child marriages occurs in sub-Saharan Africa ( UNICEF, 2018 ). UNICEF (2018) estimates that 650 million women who are alive today were

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

/or vulnerable North Koreans, but data from agencies working inside the country indicates that a prolonged situation of food insecurity and inadequate access to quality healthcare and hygiene facilities persists. 2 The international humanitarian system in the DPRK includes non-governmental organisations (NGOs), international organisations (IOs) and bilateral organisations. There is no known independent civil society in the DPRK. Humanitarians work with various national and local bodies to deliver their programmes. Humanitarian agencies began working in the country in the mid

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Insight from Northeast Nigeria
Chikezirim C. Nwoke, Jennifer Becker, Sofiya Popovych, Mathew Gabriel, and Logan Cochrane

exacerbate infant malnutrition, such as offering water to newborns and withholding colostrum are held throughout the communities. This research examines activities undertaken by Save the Children to support conflict-affected communities in Borno in the context of heightened food insecurity and malnutrition occasioned by the complex conflict in the region. Focusing on volunteer-driven peer support groups (mother-to-mother and father-to-father) that aim to increase knowledge on best practices for infant and child nutrition (including exclusive breastfeeding, complementary

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

95 per cent are food-insecure – and are primarily being ‘hosted’ in established Palestinian camps which are themselves characterised by chronic poverty, insecurity, marginalisation and exclusion ( UNRWA, 2017b ). As noted by UNRWA, even before the arrival of tens of thousands of Palestinians displaced from Syria, ‘Among the five UNRWA fields, Lebanon has the highest percentage of Palestine refugees living in abject poverty’ ( UNRWA, n.d.b ). Since then, ‘The influx of Palestine refugees from the Syrian Arab Republic has aggravated the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

, South Sudanese experienced widespread food insecurity, leading to emergency and famine conditions. The international community responded to the crises with humanitarian assistance. South Sudan has become one of the world’s largest humanitarian emergencies. Over the duration of the conflict, optimism and support of the international community shifted, to the extent that many donors were/are no longer willing to support the government. As violence escalated, the government and specific individuals were sanctioned. The Government of South Sudan (GoSS) responded with

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs