Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell and Peter Hailey

three additional countries suffered – or teetered on the edge of – famine, while rapidly increasing numbers of people faced acute food insecurity of a slightly less severe degree ( FEWS NET, 2017 ; IPC, 2020 ). ‘Famine’ has both human and political connotations. In human terms, it means destruction of livelihoods – to the point of destitution with large numbers of food-insecure people, increased severe malnutrition, disease epidemics, excess death and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be Improved?
Aditya Sarkar, Benjamin J. Spatz, Alex de Waal, Christopher Newton, and Daniel Maxwell

Introduction Depending on how one counts, nine out of the ten ‘worst humanitarian crises’ in 2021 have been caused entirely, or at least in part, by violent conflict ( IRC, 2021 ), and almost all contemporary instances of famine and mass starvation 1 have been driven – at least in part – by violent conflict ( de Waal, 2018 ). 2 While the association between armed conflict and food insecurity is complex, ranging from

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanity and Solidarity
Tanja R. Müller and Róisín Read

independent and rigorous, though not exclusively quantitative, analysis. The reader may ponder how realistic such a prescription is, as similar to the term genocide, the term famine comes not only with specific connotations of destitution, but a call for action by the international (humanitarian) community that political leaders may always as much resist as welcome ( Read, 2016 ). Data on food insecurity and famine is always more than technical data, as Maxwell and Hailey’s six cases demonstrate in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Brendan T. Lawson

Introduction Quantification is an essential component of contemporary humanitarianism. It has manifested most clearly in the proliferation of indexes, metrics, indicators and rankings across the humanitarian sector: CATO’s Human Freedom Index rates each country on a scale of 0–10 to judge the freedom they allow their citizens, the UN’s Integrated Phase Classification categorises countries’ food insecurity into five quantitatively-based tiers to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

/or vulnerable North Koreans, but data from agencies working inside the country indicates that a prolonged situation of food insecurity and inadequate access to quality healthcare and hygiene facilities persists. 2 The international humanitarian system in the DPRK includes non-governmental organisations (NGOs), international organisations (IOs) and bilateral organisations. There is no known independent civil society in the DPRK. Humanitarians work with various national and local bodies to deliver their programmes. Humanitarian agencies began working in the country in the mid

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

95 per cent are food-insecure – and are primarily being ‘hosted’ in established Palestinian camps which are themselves characterised by chronic poverty, insecurity, marginalisation and exclusion ( UNRWA, 2017b ). As noted by UNRWA, even before the arrival of tens of thousands of Palestinians displaced from Syria, ‘Among the five UNRWA fields, Lebanon has the highest percentage of Palestine refugees living in abject poverty’ ( UNRWA, n.d.b ). Since then, ‘The influx of Palestine refugees from the Syrian Arab Republic has aggravated the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

, South Sudanese experienced widespread food insecurity, leading to emergency and famine conditions. The international community responded to the crises with humanitarian assistance. South Sudan has become one of the world’s largest humanitarian emergencies. Over the duration of the conflict, optimism and support of the international community shifted, to the extent that many donors were/are no longer willing to support the government. As violence escalated, the government and specific individuals were sanctioned. The Government of South Sudan (GoSS) responded with

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Analysing the linkages and exploring possibilities for improving health and wellbeing
Warren Smit

(Herforth and Ahmed, 2015 ; Turner et al., 2017 ). Understanding the food environments of African cities is important because there are high levels of food insecurity in African cities, driven by high levels of poverty and income variability (Battersby and Watson, 2018 ), and interventions in urban food environments can potentially contribute to improving health outcomes. Food security can be defined as people’s ‘physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
Mark Pelling, Alejandro Barcena, Hayley Leck, Ibidun Adelekan, David Dodman, Hamadou Issaka, Cassidy Johnson, Mtafu Manda, Blessing Mberu, Ezebunwa Nwokocha, Emmanuel Osuteye, and Soumana Boubacar

and political significance. The majority of Nairobi's over 3.3 million population live in informal/unplanned areas, low-lying and flood-prone, with very limited basic services and infrastructure. Poverty, food insecurity and other environmental vulnerabilities are widespread. These challenges are compounded by multiple interacting shocks such as disease outbreaks. Nairobi's social and political environments are characterised by vast inequalities (Myers, 2016 ). Rapid and unplanned urbanisation has led to increased flood risk. Weak governance and consequent poor

in African cities and collaborative futures
Open Access (free)
Shirin M. Rai

women’s basic human rights to total well-being’ and asserted that Third World women have suffered most from globalization in Asia, where economic crisis has brought large-scale unemployment and displacement, deepening poverty, food insecurity due to increasing loss of biodiversity and the appropriation of land and water resources by large transnational corporations (TNCs) and the elite. They concluded: ‘our governments, local elites and local businesses are the collaborators and implementers of this agenda’.2 Given the context of poverty and exclusion, such struggles

in Democratization through the looking-glass