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New polity dynamics
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis and Kostas Ifantis

7 Debating the future of Europe New polity dynamics Introduction The principal purpose of this study has been to provide an overview of the important political and institutional developments in the Union and to link such developments with relevant theory discourses; the most prominent of which being the relationship between theory and reform in the evolving political constitution of the Union. As the discussion in Chapter 2 suggested from a normative standpoint, it is possible to accept that the coming into being of the TEU in 1993, assisted by further treaty

in Theory and reform in the European Union

This substantially updated and revised edition offers a comprehensive overview of the challenges confronting the political system as well as the international politics of the European Union. It draws from a spectrum of regional integration theories to determine what the Union actually is and how it is developing, examining the constitutional politics of the European Union, from the Single European Act to the Treaty of Nice and beyond. The ongoing debate on the future of Europe links together the questions of democracy and legitimacy, competences and rights, and the prospects for European polity-building. The aim is to contribute to a better understanding of the emerging European polity and the questions that further treaty reform generates for the future of the regional system. The authors also assess the evolving European security architecture; the limits and possibilities of a genuine European foreign, security and defence policy; and the role of the EU in the post-Cold War international system. Common themes involve debates about stability and instability, continuity and change, multipolarity and leadership, co-operation and discord, power capabilities and patterns of behaviour. The book traces the defining features of the ‘new order’ in Europe and incorporates an analysis of the post-September 11th context.

Open Access (free)
Kjell M. Torbiörn

none too soon. An EU Convention on the Future of Europe was consequently convened in 2002 with a mandate to make proposals to governments for a MUP_Torbion_09_Ch9 190 22/9/03, 3:41 pm A new European Union 191 new EU constitution in 2003. This would be necessary also to prepare for the ‘big bang’ enlargement decided at a summit in Copenhagen in December 2002, where it was agreed to invite ten candidate countries to join in 2004: Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia. Negotiations would continue with

in Destination Europe
Richard Parrish

This chapter explores the future of European Union (EU) sports law and policy. The Bosman ruling led to the creation of the sports policy subsystem. A system of law governing the practice of sport is emerging in the EU of which the use of soft law is a particular feature. For the Single Market coalition, soft law does not legally challenge entrenched Treaty principles. For the socio-cultural coalition, soft law, although less satisfactory, allows for the construction of the separate territories approach which can safeguard sports autonomy. The future of sports law and policy is likely to be influenced by developments external and internal to the EU. The Single Market coalition and the socio-cultural coalition possess the institutional resources to undermine each other's deep and policy core belief systems. Sport should recognise that the EU is remarkably receptive to claims of special treatment.

in Sports law and policy in the European Union
Joshua B. Spero

Catherine M. Kelleher, The Future of European Security: An Interim Assessment (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1995), pp. 67–105; Sean Kay, NATO and the Future of European Security (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1998), pp. 61–87; James M. Goldgeier, Not Whether But When: The U.S. Decision to Enlarge NATO (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1999), pp. 14–44; and David S. Yost, NATO Transformed: The Alliance’s New Roles in International Security (Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace Press, 1998), pp. 97–187. Stephen Blank, U.S. Military Engagement with

in Limiting institutions?
Open Access (free)
The German model of federalism
Arthur B. Gunlicks

federal policy making by Land executives are being raised again with a new vehemence, and a serious discussion of more autonomy for the Länder can be found today in the major newspapers, academic journals, and in numerous books. Apparently in part as a response to the EU’s 2002 Convention on the Future of Europe, the presidents of the German Land parliaments began their own “Convention of Land Parliaments” in the summer of 2002 in the Wartburg on devising means of gaining more autonomy and drawing a clearer separation of federal and chap 12 27/5/03 12:04 pm Page

in The Länder and German federalism
Open Access (free)
Alex Warleigh

three principal legislative procedures of the EU, which vary in the degree of power granted to the EP. Codecision gives the EP the right to both amend and veto legislation, making it the legislative equal of the EU Council. 6 The Convention on the Future of Europe was established in September 2001 by the EU member states’ heads of government. The members of the Convention represented the member states’ heads of government, but also the various national parliaments, the European Parliament and the European Commission. Their task was to deliberate on four specific

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Open Access (free)
Smooth adaptation to European values and institutions
Teija Tiilikainen

by the government to the parliament has become a common instrument when the government has been willing to leave its position on a larger EU matter to be discussed by the parliament. A report was given on the Finnish position in the 1996 IGC on EMU and on Finland and the future of Europe. Contacts between the national parliament and the EP seem to be quite modestly institutionalised in the Finnish case. The parliament is represented in COSAC by a 2444Ch6 3/12/02 158 2:03 pm Page 158 Member States and the European Union delegation nominated by the Grand

in Fifteen into one?
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis and Kostas Ifantis

his alternative integration scenaria for the future of Europe, he offers a general conceptual justification for applying the terminology of pre-existing forms of polity to the study of contemporary Europe. In particular, he embraces the view that, in the interests of conceptual refinement and historically informed comparisons, 54 Theory and reform in the European Union one has to turn to the past to recapture a more diverse language about political units. Revisiting European history, especially its early modern phase, where the continent witnessed the emergence

in Theory and reform in the European Union
The evolving European security architecture
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis and Kostas Ifantis

to come and of waning popular support, but neither offers a prescription to that effect, nor considers at length the implications for the future of European integration theory and practice. Even more recently, and mainly owing to the de facto militarisation of the Union, two more opposing views have emerged about the continued usefulness of the concept of a civilian power.116 Zielonka, Whitman and Smith have called for its demise. They all consider that a civilian power cannot become militarised and use military means without losing its raison d’être.117 A minority

in Theory and reform in the European Union