Burials, body parts and bones in the earlier Upper Palaeolithic
Erik Trinkaus, Sandra Sázelová, and Jiří Svoboda

The rich earlier Mid Upper Palaeolithic (Pavlovian) sites of Dolní Vĕstonice I and II and Pavlov I (∼32,000–∼30,000 cal BP) in southern Moravia (Czech Republic) have yielded a series of human burials, isolated pairs of extremities and isolated bones and teeth. The burials occurred within and adjacent to the remains of structures (‘huts’), among domestic debris. Two of them were adjacent to mammoth bone dumps, but none of them was directly associated with areas of apparent discard (or garbage). The isolated pairs and bones/teeth were haphazardly scattered through the occupation areas, many of them mixed with the small to medium-sized faunal remains, from which many were identified post-excavation. It is therefore difficult to establish a pattern of disposal of the human remains with respect to the abundant evidence for site structure at these Upper Palaeolithic sites. At the same time, each form of human preservation raises questions about the differential mortuary behaviours, and hence social dynamics, of these foraging populations and how we interpret them through an archaeological lens.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Pollution, contamination and the neglected dead in post-war Saigon
Christophe Robert

outskirts of dense urban cores, run-off and interactions of land and water in marshlands create unstable and shifting landscapes. These are domains of real estate speculation, wild zones of power4 where people dump garbage and build without permits, where state officials clear the land and residents for massive profits – indeterminate zones where, in earlier times, cemeteries were built on the far margins of the city. These cemetery spaces are disorderly. Death spills over into the realm of the living. ‘I’ll never forget that moment’, says a terrified and sorrowful Lam

in Governing the dead
Open Access (free)
Design and material culture in Soviet Russia, 1960s–80s
Author: Yulia Karpova

The major part of this book project was funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 700913.

This book is about two distinct but related professional cultures in late Soviet Russia that were concerned with material objects: industrial design and decorative art. The Russian avant-garde of the 1920s is broadly recognised to have been Russia’s first truly original contribution to world culture. In contrast, Soviet design of the post-war period is often dismissed as hackwork and plagiarism that resulted in a shabby world of commodities. This book identifies the second historical attempt at creating a powerful alternative to capitalist commodities in the Cold War era. It offers a new perspective on the history of Soviet material culture by focusing on the notion of the ‘comradely object’ as an agent of progressive social relations that state-sponsored Soviet design inherited from the avant-garde. It introduces a shared history of domestic objects, handmade as well as machine-made, mass-produced as well as unique, utilitarian as well as challenging the conventional notion of utility. Situated at the intersection of intellectual history, social history and material culture studies, this book elucidates the complexities and contradictions of Soviet design that echoed international tendencies of the late twentieth century. The book is addressed to design historians, art historians, scholars of material culture, historians of Russia and the USSR, as well as museum and gallery curators, artists and designers, and the broader public interested in modern aesthetics, art and design, and/or the legacy of socialist regimes.

Open Access (free)
Environmental justice and citizen science in a post-truth age
Editors: Thom Davies and Alice Mah

This book examines the relationship between environmental justice and citizen science, focusing on enduring issues and new challenges in a post-truth age. Debates over science, facts, and values have always been pivotal within environmental justice struggles. For decades, environmental justice activists have campaigned against the misuses of science, while at the same time engaging in community-led citizen science. However, post-truth politics has threatened science itself. This book makes the case for the importance of science, knowledge, and data that are produced by and for ordinary people living with environmental risks and hazards. The international, interdisciplinary contributions range from grassroots environmental justice struggles in American hog country and contaminated indigenous communities, to local environmental controversies in Spain and China, to questions about “knowledge justice,” citizenship, participation, and data in citizen science surrounding toxicity. The book features inspiring studies of community-based participatory environmental health and justice research; different ways of sensing, witnessing, and interpreting environmental injustice; political strategies for seeking environmental justice; and ways of expanding the concepts and forms of engagement of citizen science around the world. While the book will be of critical interest to specialists in social and environmental sciences, it will also be accessible to graduate and postgraduate audiences. More broadly, the book will appeal to members of the public interested in social justice issues, as well as community members who are thinking about participating in citizen science and activism. Toxic Truths includes distinguished contributing authors in the field of environmental justice, alongside cutting-edge research from emerging scholars and community activists.

The politics of value and valuation in South Africa’s urban waste sector
Henrik Ernstson, Mary Lawhon, Anesu Makina, Nate Millington, Kathleen Stokes, and Erik Swyngedouw

. ( 2008 ). The geographies of garbage governance: Interventions, interactions and outcomes . London : Routledge . Demaria F. and Schindler S. ( 2016 ). ‘ Contesting urban metabolism: Struggles over waste-to-energy in Delhi, India ’. Antipode , 48 ( 2 ): 293–313 . Dludla , S

in African cities and collaborative futures
Cardboard publishers in Latin America
Lucy Bell

its semantic space with “rejects”, “wastrels”, “garbage”, “refuse” – with waste’ and ‘the destination of waste is the waste-yard, the rubbish heap’ (2004: 12; author’s italics). This division between valuable and worthless, included and excluded, is not a natural one, but rather a barrier erected by humans as a strategy to ensure the smooth running of the status quo. Bauman’s theory is clearly grounded in the discipline of sociology and has as its principal concern the connection between economic progress and social inequalities. In the introduction to his book, he

in Literature and sustainability
Barbara L. Allen

. 08/06/2020 15:32 64 Environmental justice and participatory citizen science 1965, this area was classified a special development zone of the port of Marseille and all commercial siting decisions were removed from local governments and ceded to a public–private port authority (Garnier 2001). In more recent years, local residents fought against unpopular projects such as the location of a Gaz de France depot on the Fos public beach (opened 2005) and the construction of an incinerator designed to burn all the garbage from the city of Marseille (opened 2010) (Allen

in Toxic truths
Corpse, bodypolitics and contestation in contemporary Guatemala
Ninna Nyberg Sørensen

countries in the world.4 Homicide rates are higher than during the most violent civil war years and rates are rising. So are violent killings of women. Teenagers, college students, housewives and maquila workers have disappeared and later been found naked, disembowelled, sexually mutilated, strangled, beheaded and dumped like garbage in abandoned lots. Sometimes insults are carved into their flesh. The extreme level of violence, in turn, is fed by a weak or overwhelmed judicial system, inadequate institutional structures and a general lack of state capacity or will to

in Governing the dead
Yulia Karpova

persistence of the metaphor of waste in representations of the socialist economic and political order. Gille reminiscences: ‘Visual representations of state socialism invoked the image of the state socialist landscape most familiar in the West – a grey still life composed of shoddy goods; people wearing poor, idiosyncratic clothes surrounded by houses that looked like they could fall apart at any time; and piled-up garbage.’98 As she adds, Western scholars of the late 1980s and early 1990s explained the wastefulness of state socialism through the drawback of the Marxist

in Comradely objects
Open Access (free)
The imperial metropolis of Heart of Darkness
Laura Chrisman

corporations. It is, I suggest, a commentary on the non-transposability of any version of collective metropolitan life itself. Even in its degraded, parodic, greasy spoon or garbage dump form, the metropole becomes here something that can be viably (if sordidly) reconstituted as a social structure in Africa. The final version provides no stable colonial infrastructure; there is no settlement, only asocial isolated Company office bearers remotely stationed in the interior. Conrad’s downsizing is striking. The Marlow of this removed passage is ‘astonished at their number’, a

in Postcolonial contraventions