David Rieff

Introduction Citing the celebrated opening sentence of the Communist Manifesto may seem an odd way to begin these modest reflections on the challenges the relief world is confronting, and the graver ones it is likely to confront over the course of the next decade. But just as the spectre of communism was haunting Europe in 1848, a spectre haunts the humanitarian international in 2018 – the spectre of illegitimacy. A disclaimer is immediately necessary: if you believe that the importance of the changes that are taxing the established global order

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

US of course still faced certain political challenges, but the concepts guiding international relations at this time, authored by the US, were dominant. We would hear about ‘reaching out’ and, later, Obama’s formulation ‘leading from behind’, but always leading. Returning to the main change we see today… of course, there are forces that have been working for a long time… Trump arrives and says: ‘No, I don’t want a global order. I prefer global disorder.’ I am referring here only to what is manifest; I have not yet been able to analyse this change

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

also attempt to resignify it, demonstrating almost no concern for liberal ideals themselves. Liberalism might yet be recovered as the basis for global order. But it is unlikely that liberal institutions undermined in recent years can recover their legitimacy; and it is unclear what will emerge in their stead. ‘The crisis’, Gramsci noted, referring to the detachment of the masses from traditional ideologies and authority, ‘consists precisely in the fact that the old is dying out and the new cannot be born’ ( Gramsci, 1971: 276 ). The same is true

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Some questions for Rainer Bauböck
Joseph H. Carens

we not imagine a global political assembly with powers (including agenda-setting powers) specified by a constitution, representatives elected by universal suffrage on a global basis, and so on? Let me be clear. I am not recommending global democracy as just outlined as an ideal or arguing that it is a necessary feature of a just global order. One can certainly raise challenges to such an idea from many different

in Democratic inclusion
Obama, Trump and the Asia Pacific political economy
Michael Mastanduno

” with their own conceptions of regional or global order. It may compete or at times cooperate with those states but does not expect to incorporate them into its own order. Balance of power or hegemony? For roughly seventy years, the United States has resolved this fundamental grand strategic question. During the Cold War, successive US administrations pursued a global balancing strategy against the Soviet Union but embedded within it regional hegemonic strategies in Western Europe and East Asia. The latter included the creation of durable alliances and the re

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Order and security in post-Cold War Europe
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis and Kostas Ifantis

means of delivery, and human rights abuses, pose profound challenges to the viability of a new global order, as they are more than capable of contributing to violence and other forms of coercion. Contrary to other global challenges (the communications revolution, water shortages, access to energy resources, financial flows), they call directly into question the very authority of the state and are therefore potentially, if not openly, subversive. This multifaceted conception of security entails a multifaceted approach to security itself. While an exclusively state

in Theory and reform in the European Union
Open Access (free)
Jeremy C.A. Smith

important insights into the modernity of authoritarian and totalitarian logics and the abiding tensions of democracy. But, more powerfully, the commitment to democratic projects is an orienting position for contemporary civilisational analysis, a place to stand in respect of the global order. Others mentioned in these pages, such as Arjomand, Arnason and Spohn, reveal their currency when they address problematics of modernity in the twentieth and twenty-​first centuries. In each of these accounts, contemporary civilisational analysis has shown some relevance to

in Debating civilisations
Grassroots exceptionalism in humanitarian memoir
Emily Bauman

about their host countries or aid work – yet their naivety is fruitful. Even as they learn the ropes they learn that there are no ropes, that all good paths must be self-generated. 14 But while aid worker memoir tends to view the humanitarian international as part of the larger global order, for founder narratives humanitarianism is still a third sector capable of acting from outside. Thus unlike aid memoir

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Jürgen Habermas and the European left
Robert Fine and Philip Spencer

constellation as a multi-layered global order, consisting of a reformed basis of solidarity within the nation state, the development of new transnational forms of political community such as the European Union beyond the nation state, and the enhancement of international laws and institutions regulating relations between states and guaranteeing human rights at the global level. The idea of the postnational constellation entailed a differentiated and multi

in Antisemitism and the left
Open Access (free)
The politics of exhumation in post-genocide Rwanda
Rémi Korman

justice’, Times Higher Education Supplement, 24 September 2004. Such a study could follow the model of the work produced by Nicolas Guilhot. See N. Guilhot, The Democracy Makers: Human Rights and the Politics of Global Order (New York: Columbia University Press, 2013). It should be noted that what few studies do exist tend to fall into the realm of speculative conspiracy theories or even genocide denial. M.  C. Warden & A. McClue, ‘Investigation into the crash of Dassault Falcon 50 registration number 9XR-NN on 6 April 1994 carrying former president Juvénal Habyarimana

in Human remains and identification