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Open Access (free)
The computer game as fictional form
Author: Barry Atkins

This book is dedicated to the study of computer games in terms of the stories they tell and the manner of their telling. It applies practices of reading texts from literary and cultural studies to consider the computer game as an emerging mode of contemporary storytelling. The book contains detailed discussion of narrative and realism in four of the most significant games of the last decade: ‘Tomb Raider’, ‘Half-Life’, ‘Close Combat’, and ‘Sim City’. It recognises the excitement and pleasure that has made the computer game such a massive global phenomenon.

Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

This paper provides a critical analysis of post-humanitarianism with reference to adaptive design. At a time when precarity has become a global phenomenon, the design principle has sidelined the need for, or even the possibility of, political change. Rather than working to eliminate precarity, post-humanitarianism is implicated in its reproduction and governance. Central here is a historic change in how the human condition is understood. The rational Homo economicus of modernism has been replaced by progressive neoliberalism’s cognitively challenged and necessarily ignorant Homo inscius. Solidarity with the vulnerable has given way to conditional empathy. Rather than structural outcomes to be protected against, not only are humanitarian crises now seen as unavoidable, they have become positively developmental. Post-humanitarianism no longer provides material assistance – its aim is to change the behaviour of the precariat in order to optimise its social reproduction. Together with the construction of logistical mega-corridors, this process is part of late-capitalism’s incorporation of the vast informal economies of the global South. Building on progressive neoliberalism’s antipathy towards formal structures and professional standards, through a combination of behavioural economics, cognitive manipulation and smart technology, post-humanitarianism is actively involved in the elimination of the very power to resist.

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Mark B. Brown

as a global phenomenon, climate change is invisible to the human senses. Climate change has various local impacts, but the extent to which any particular impact is related to climate change can only be discerned with climate science. Gore’s film addressed these challenges by combining personal stories from his life with scenes of him presenting a slide show and talking to audiences about climate science. In some respects, Pearce and Nerlich argue, An Inconvenient Truth goes beyond a traditional ‘deficit model’ of science communication, which sees the key barrier to

in Science and the politics of openness
Open Access (free)
Iain Lindsey, Tess Kay, Ruth Jeanes, and Davies Banda

than single studies offer. Throughout the book, we attempt to develop understanding of SfD within Zambia by positioning our local studies in relation to analysis of SfD as a global phenomenon. This analysis commences in Chapter 1 , which considers global and international dimensions of SfD and reviews the burgeoning literature that has emerged alongside it. The chapter examines the global emergence of the SfD ‘movement’ and its alignment with

in Localizing global sport for development
Knud Erik Jørgensen

interest in international theory. After all, we are dealing with a regional not a global phenomenon and even in the regional European context, the CFSP is only one aspect. A third reason may be that the CFSP has been primarily analysed by European scholars and, for some reason, they generally theorise less than their North American colleagues. When Europeans employ theories, they primarily do so by means of the deductive method

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
A dialogue with Islam as a pattern of conflict resolution and a security approach vis-à-vis Islamism
Bassam Tibi

analytical concept for studying the politicization of religion. By using the term ‘Islamism’ as an alternative way of referring to the global phenomenon of fundamentalism as such, these scholars unwittingly contribute to the stereotyping of Islam by implicitly restricting the politicization of religion to Islam. By electing to call this fundamentalist phenomenon exclusively

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Open Access (free)
Identities and incitements
Saurabh Dube

West – but equally of the rejection of democratic imperatives. Such enactments are mapped in terms of their distinct hetero-temporal articulations and socio-spatial expressions, characteristic of modernity as a global phenomenon. 57 Unsurprisingly, incisive discussions in historical anthropology and critical ethnography have pointed toward the need for careful considerations of modernity and modern

in Subjects of modernity
Some questions for Rainer Bauböck
Joseph H. Carens

democracy is intrinsically impossible. Perhaps these comments reflect a misunderstanding of Bauböck's project. What is the nature and purpose of this discussion in section 2.1 ? Let's approach this from another perspective. Why might people think that some sort of global democracy would be a good idea, perhaps even something required as a matter of justice from an ideal perspective? Climate change is one obvious reason. Here is a global phenomenon

in Democratic inclusion
Open Access (free)
Duncan Wilson

became a global phenomenon. As Sheila Jasanoff notes, today ‘most Western governments, and increasingly developing states, have supplemented funding for the life sciences and technologies with public support for ethical analysis’.16 Bioethicists now play a significant role in determining policies and guiding public debates across Europe, in Australia, Canada, Latin America, Israel, Pakistan, Japan, Singapore and South Korea, among other locations.17 The international growth and influence of bioethics has led 4 The making of British bioethics some to identify it as

in The making of British bioethics
On last animals and future bison
Joshua Schuster

extinct – index numerical crises but also each imply a culturally specific and even ontologically changed conditions.2 Another example can be found in the proliferation of ‘last’ books on animals: The Last Tiger, The Last Lions, The Last Panda, The Last Polar Bear, The Last of the Curlews, Last Chance to See, Last Animals at the Zoo. The depletion of animal populations has become such a global phenomenon that, as the journalist J. B. MacKinnon puts it, ‘We live in a 10 Percent World’ (2013: 38). To a striking degree, animal populations worldwide have been diminished to

in Literature and sustainability