Bonnie Evans

Diplomatic Corps, autism researchers, advocates and political representatives including Sarah Brown, wife of the then British prime minister, Gordon Brown, and Ban Soon-taek, wife of United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, who chaired the discussions. Suzanne Wright, co-founder of the charity Autism Speaks, stated that, ‘ Autism is a global health crisis that knows no

in The metamorphosis of autism
Open Access (free)
A Belated but Welcome Theory of Change on Mental Health and Development
Laura Davidson

set out such strategic guidance ‘for the first time’ five years into the SDGs. In the current global health crisis which has so starkly exposed the fragility of mental health and underscored the interrelation between mental and physical health, and between health and its social determinants, the ToC for use by development and humanitarian sectors has come not a moment too soon. I suggest that two outputs within the document are key to achieving the quality services and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A history of child development in Britain
Author: Bonnie Evans

This book explains the current fascination with autism by linking it to a longer history of childhood development. Drawing from a staggering array of primary sources, it traces autism back to its origins in the early twentieth century and explains why the idea of autism has always been controversial and why it experienced a 'metamorphosis' in the 1960s and 1970s. The book locates changes in psychological theory in Britain in relation to larger shifts in the political and social organisation of schools, hospitals, families and childcare. It explores how government entities have dealt with the psychological category of autism. The book looks in detail at a unique children's 'psychotic clinic' set up in London at the Maudsley Hospital in the 1950s. It investigates the crisis of government that developed regarding the number of 'psychotic' children who were entering the public domain when large long-stay institutions closed. The book focuses on how changes in the organisation of education and social services for all children in 1970 gave further support to the concept of autism that was being developed in London's Social Psychiatry Research Unit. It also explores how new techniques were developed to measure 'social impairment' in children in light of the Seebohm reforms of 1968 and other legal changes of the early 1970s. Finally, the book argues that epidemiological research on autism in the 1960s and 1970s pioneered at London's Institute of Psychiatry has come to define global attempts to analyse and understand what, exactly, autism is.

A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

, 3 – 33 , doi: 10.1177/000203971004500201 . Gillespie , A. M. , Obregon , R. , Asawi , R. E. ( 2016 ), ‘ Social Mobilization and Community Engagement Central to the Ebola Response in West Africa: Lessons for Future Public Health Emergencies ’, Global Health

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Planned Obsolescence of Medical Humanitarian Missions: An Interview with Tony Redmond, Professor and Practitioner of International Emergency Medicine and Co-founder of HCRI and UK-Med

may in part have also evolved from religious missions. Medical teams when doing global health can still talk about a ‘medical mission’. I think it’s the view that you are doing good above all else; you are delivering charity, that may have driven this separation from daily medical practice; that there is a separate space where people suffer and people in that space should be grateful for what they get – harsh, perhaps, but I think it has been a factor. People perhaps

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez and Ammar Sabouni

in conflict (AHCC). In 2014, the UN General Assembly approved draft resolution (A/69/L.35) on global health and foreign policy, with a focus on protection of health workers, and in 2016 the UN Security Council approved resolution 2286 on the protection of healthcare during conflict. Accordingly, various UN agencies and human rights and humanitarian local and international organisations have intensified efforts to document AHCC. The WHO established the Surveillance System for Attacks on Health Care (SSA) mechanism as a global surveillance system. Physicians for

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet, Sarah Chynoweth, Sarah Martin, Chen Reis, Henri Myrttinen, Philipp Schulz, Lewis Turner, and David Duriesmith

, T. and Garcia-Moreno , C. ( 2013 ), ‘ Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Non-Partner Rape Perpetration: Findings from the UN Multi-Country Cross-Sectional Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific ’, The Lancet Global Health , 1 : 4 , e208 – 18 , doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(13)70069-X . Johnson

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

Sanctions Policies against North Korea ’, Critical Asian Studies , 46 : 1 , 91 – 112 . Kim , J. and Park , K. B. ( 2019a ), ‘ Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene: Can North Korea Be WASHed Free of Disease? ’, The Diplomat ( 2 August ). Kim , J. , and Park , K. B. ( 2019b ), ‘ How Sanctions Hurt North Korea’s Children ’, Global Health Now ( 5 August ). Kong , T. Y. ( 2018 ), ‘ The Advance of Marketization in North Korea: Between Political Rigidity and Economic Flexibility ’, Modern Asian Studies first published online 2 November 2018, doi

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

), Evaluation of the Common Humanitarian Fund . Country Report : South Sudan, United Nations Office for the Coordinator of Humanitarian Affairs May 2015 . OECD . ( 2018 ), South Sudan Country Profile : www2.compareyourcountry.org/aid-statistics?cr=302&cr1=oecd&lg=en&page=1 (accessed 7 January 2020). Raifman , J. , Lam , F. , Keller , J. M. , Radunsky , A. and Savedoff , W. ( 2018 ), ‘How well are Aid Agencies Evaluating Programs? An Assessment of the Quality of Global Health Evaluations’ . Journal of Development Effectiveness , doi: 10

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A global history

In this book scholars from across the globe investigate changes in ‘society’ and ‘nation’ over time through the lens of immunisation. Such an analysis unmasks the idea of vaccination as a simple health technology and makes visible the social and political complexities in which vaccination programmes are embedded. The collection of essays gives a comparative overview of immunisation at different times in widely different parts of the world and under different types of political regime. Core themes in the chapters include immunisation as an element of state formation; citizens’ articulation of seeing (or not seeing) their needs incorporated into public health practice; allegations that development aid is inappropriately steering third-world health policies; and an ideological shift that treats vaccines as marketable and profitable commodities rather than as essential tools of public health. Throughout, the authors explore relationships among vaccination, vaccine-making, and the discourses and debates on citizenship and nationhood that have accompanied mass vaccination campaigns. The thoughtful investigations of vaccination in relation to state power, concepts of national identify (and sense of solidarity) and individual citizens’ sense of obligation to self and others are completed by an afterword by eminent historian of vaccination William Muraskin. Reflecting on the well-funded global initiatives which do not correspond to the needs of poor countries, Muraskin asserts that an elite fraternity of self-selected global health leaders has undermined the United Nations system of collective health policy determination by launching global disease eradication and immunisation programmes over the last twenty years.