By expanding the geographical scope of the history of violence and war, this
volume challenges both Western and state-centric narratives of the decline of
violence and its relationship to modernity. It highlights instead similarities
across early modernity in terms of representations, legitimations, applications
of, and motivations for violence. It seeks to integrate methodologies of the
study of violence into the history of war, thereby extending the historical
significance of both fields of research. Thirteen case studies outline the
myriad ways in which large-scale violence was understood and used by states and
non-state actors throughout the early modern period across Africa, Asia, the
Americas, the Atlantic, and Europe, demonstrating that it was far more complex
than would be suggested by simple narratives of conquest and resistance.
Moreover, key features of imperial violence apply equally to large-scale
violence within societies. As the authors argue, violence was a continuum,
ranging from small-scale, local actions to full-blown war. The latter was
privileged legally and increasingly associated with states during early
modernity, but its legitimacy was frequently contested and many of its violent
forms, such as raiding and destruction of buildings and crops, could be found in
activities not officially classed as war.
enslavement are but two means through which Europeans made themselves the protagonists of globalhistory. Europeans then rewrote their history, erasing the mass human suffering they had caused,
promoting instead tales of white European innocence ( Wekker,
2016 ), superiority and exceptionalism. In its destruction of life, coloniality might be
considered anti-humanitarian, and yet it is characteristic of the liberal humanitarianism whose
end we now (prematurely) are invited to mourn.
For over two decades, I have been struggling to make sense of
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair
of the twenty-first century, typified by the
Overseas Development Institute’s five-year ‘GlobalHistory of Modern
Humanitarian Action’ project (2011–15), Médecins sans
Frontières’ Speaking Out initiative ( Médecins sans Frontières,
n.d. ), its recently released associative history ( Médecins sans Frontières, 2018 ) and the 2015
conference on the fundamental principles in ‘a critical historical
perspective’, hosted by the International Committee of the Red Cross
and instability, weak health sectors and economies and an eroded social contract set
the foundations for the crisis of 2014.
The place of these countries in globalhistory and contemporary dependencies was
re-inscribed in the nature of the response. Under the PHEIC (Public Health Emergency
of International Concern) declared by the World Health Assembly on 8 August 2014, it
was conducted through a joint partnership between the international community and
the study of violence into the
history of war, thereby extending the historical significance of both areas of study.2
Likewise, by expanding the geographical scope of the history of violence and war,
this volume challenges both Western and state-centric narratives of the decline of
violence and its relationship to modernity, highlighting instead similarities across
A globalhistory of early modern violence
early modernity in terms of representations, legitimations, applications of, and
motivations for, violence. Instead of a global synthesis, this volume
Dr Williams’ Pink Pills for Pale People and the hybrid pathways of Chinese
publication thereafter. Spanish-language advertisements appeared on a greater scale around the turn of the century in a few South American publications, such as El Comercio
in Peru and Mercurio de Valparaiso in Chile, but still in relatively limited numbers.
In comparison, as will be further discussed, the marketing of the pills in China established a scale of distribution and level of cultural tailoring that made it unique even within the globalhistory of the company.
This book explains theoretical work in postcolonial and postsocialist studies to
offer a novel and distinctive insight into how Yugoslavia is configured by, and
through, race. It presents the history of how ideas of racialised difference
have been translated globally in Yugoslavia. The book provides a discussion on
the critical race scholarship, global historical sociologies of 'race in
translation' and south-east European cultural critique to show that the
Yugoslav region is deeply embedded in global formations of race. It considers
the geopolitical imagination of popular culture; the history of ethnicity; and
transnational formations of race before and during state socialism, including
the Non-Aligned Movement. The book also considers the post-Yugoslav discourses
of security, migration, terrorism and international intervention, including the
War on Terror and the refugee crisis. It elaborates how often-neglected aspects
of the history of nationhood and migration reveal connections that tie the
region into the global history of race. The book also explains the linkage
between ethnic exclusivism and territory in the ethnopolitical logic of the
Bosnian conflict and in the internationally mediated peace agreements that
enshrined it: 'apartheid cartography'. Race and whiteness remained
perceptible in post-war Bosnian identity discourses as new, open-ended forms of
post-conflict international intervention developed.
What does race have to do with the Yugoslav region?
making sense of ex-Yugoslavia, ‘the Balkans’ and ‘eastern Europe’ has been inspiring reinterpretations of the region's transnational and globalhistory that multiplied even as this book was being written, it is no longer possible – and never should have been – to contend that the Yugoslav region stands somehow ‘outside’ race. The question is where it stands, and why that has gone unspoken for so long.
My own research has reproduced this disregard for race, a sense that race was not something south-east European studies ‘needed to know’. In 2006 or
reality of nursing in colonial
and post-colonial settings. They are an important opening for the
study of nursing and the study of healthcare provision in imperial
projects. Most significantly, they stimulate under-researched issues
and broaden our perspective on these vital components of globalhistory.
Settler emigration, the voyage out, and shipboard literary
they take: attending to the materials of which they are comprised, the cargo that they carry, and the labour required to make them and that they transport are often just as important in untangling the colonial connections they embody. 26 Despite their ‘centrality’ to ‘“global” history’, ‘ships as arenas in their own right have often remained beyond the global historian’s gaze’. 27 In the nineteenth-century cultural imagination, however, they were an embodiment of an ‘imperial maritime rhetoric’ which symbolised power, where the ship’s ‘alleged capacity to overawe