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Author: Cameron Ross

Building on earlier work, this text combines theoretical perspectives with empirical work, to provide a comparative analysis of the electoral systems, party systems and governmental systems in the ethnic republics and regions of Russia. It also assesses the impact of these different institutional arrangements on democratization and federalism, moving the focus of research from the national level to the vitally important processes of institution building and democratization at the local level and to the study of federalism in Russia.

Open Access (free)
The ‘defending democracy’ in Israel – a framework of analysis
Ami Pedahzur

within the deep sorrow that engulfed me something else was preying on my mind, yet, at that consequential moment, I found it hard to pin down. It was only a few days later that the picture began to become clear in my mind. For a period of forty-seven years, from the day of its establishment to the day of the Prime Minister’s assassination, the State of Israel has been fighting on many fronts – including the ‘home front’ – in order to stabilise its governmental system and try to fashion it after the exemplar of the democratic tradition. I, and many

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
Institutionalized gesture politics?
Joy C. Kwesiga

interventions, especially at the political level. Women councillors within the local government system are being trained and retrained, so that they can play an effective role in this field which they have only recently entered. Autonomy or mainstreaming? Dilemmas for a national machinery The checklist against which the Ugandan case has been evaluated points to the dilemma that faces many national machineries for gender equality. Should they be separate entities or should they be ‘mainstreamed’? As separate entities, such institutions can easily be isolated and marginalized

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

. Indeed, this is the consequence of democratic pressures for greater state spending and involvement in solutions to society’s ills. Thus this critique of the modern state becomes a critique of some aspects of modern mass democracy. Major characteristics of the state Whatever the particular style of the state, its philosophical underpinnings, or the governmental system that directs it, a number of features

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

‘democracy’ then what value can be attached to the word as an analytical tool? One must question, however, Bernard Crick’s assertion, in his In Defence of Politics (1962), that politics primarily takes place only in democratic systems of government. Politics can take place under any form of governmental system, as it involves a struggle for power. Democratic political systems involve power struggles of a kind very different from

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

, with a prime minister and a cabinet. It operated very much like the government in London, though its jurisdiction was limited to domestic affairs. Foreign policy, defence and overall economic management were set in London. There was also a full local government system put in place. This seems uncontroversial at first sight. However, it transpired that all the institutions of government came to be dominated by the Protestant Unionists. This was reinforced by the practice of ‘gerrymandering’ where political boundaries were manipulated to favour one political party

in Understanding British and European political issues
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

British government, the Northern Ireland Office in particular. These include: defence and foreign policy; relations with the Irish republic; security and policing; economic policy; taxation. ● ● ● ● ● The governmental system has three main features designed to achieve the objectives described above. They are: The electoral system This is the single transferable vote (STV), as used in the Republic of Ireland. It is a complex system whose essential features are as follows: There are multi-member constituencies, normally four. Each party can put up as many candidates as

in Understanding British and European political issues
Civilisation, civil society and the Kosovo war
Mikkel Vedby Rasmussen

conceptualise political appropriateness. Michel Foucault’s notion of ‘governmentality’ offers a solution. ‘Governmentality’ assumes that the governmental system is constructed and that it is possible to study this construction as a totality. Foucault rejects the notion that politics should be segregated from other social institutions in order to gain insight into the workings of government. On the contrary

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

groups enjoyed a considerable degree of self-government, such as the Jews and Finns had in Imperial Russia, but at the same time they were denied equal citizenship rights and equal legal status before the courts. The experience of history and the effectiveness of particular types of government system affect the sense of national identity. We have already mentioned the American and British experiences

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)
Alison Forrestal

episcopate’s customarily intimate relationship with the government, the Assembly of Clergy frequently played host to intense power struggles between the guardians of the church and the state. It is no longer fashionable for historians to write of the absolute monarchy of Louis XIV, for the image of absolutism hid a governmental system that worked on a shifting pattern of alliances, patronage and negotiation.9 Yet although monolithic absolutism has been revealed as a flimsy construction, there is no doubt that governmental power grew steadily over the course of the

in Fathers, pastors and kings