Open Access (free)
Medicine, politics and the regulation of health in the twentieth century

Concepts of ‘balance’ have been central to modern politics, medicine and society. Yet, while many health, environmental and social challenges are discussed globally in terms of imbalances in biological, social and ecological systems, strategies for addressing modern excesses and deficiencies have focused almost exclusively on the agency of the individual. Balancing the Self explores the diverse ways in which balanced and unbalanced selfhoods have been subject to construction, intervention and challenge across the long twentieth century. Through original chapters on subjects as varied as obesity control, fatigue and the regulation of work, and the physiology of exploration in extreme conditions, the volume analyses how concepts of balance and rhetorics of empowerment and responsibility have historically been used for a variety of purposes, by a diversity of political and social agencies. Historicising present-day concerns, as well as uncovering the previously hidden interests of the past, this volume’s wide-ranging discussions of health governance, subjectivity and balance will be of interest to historians of medicine, sociologists, social policy analysts, and social and political historians alike.

A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez and Ammar Sabouni

, advocacy and grass-roots health governance. Suffering under the severe resource constraints of war and a stunted international response, they have adapted through innovation, role shifting and resilience. The type of role local healthcare workers have played has been dictated largely by geopolitical changes over the course of the conflict ( Bdaiwi, forthcoming ). In government-controlled Syria, at the start of the conflict, healthcare workers attended to wounded protestors and helped torture victims. With the militarisation of the conflict and the development of non

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Balancing the self in the twentieth century
Mark Jackson and Martin D. Moore

. Through its investigations into the diverse life of ‘balance’, therefore, the volume not only contributes to the cultural history of an everyday concept, but also generates insights into the history of health governance and subjectivity and into the close connections between medicine, politics and the regulation of social life. Balancing acts In her address to the 61st World Health Assembly in May 2008, the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), Dr Margaret Chan, concluded her analysis of current threats to

in Balancing the self
John Marriott

development of education, public health, governance, municipal reform, policing and town planning. Instead I intend to focus on what was perceived to be the most threatening antitheses to progress, namely, the metropolitan poor and colonial peoples. In terms of their chronologies, rhetoric, narratives and agencies there were distinct homologies between the discursive appropriation of the poor and of colonial

in The other empire
Open Access (free)
Gareth Millward

controversial across the world. 31 These are still rare exceptions, and until now there has not been such a comprehensive review of the public and vaccination in post-war Britain. There are also works that have explored the relationship between the public and public health in the United Kingdom. There is a well-established scholarship on such matters in the nineteenth century and on the changing nature of public health governance in the first half of the twentieth century. 32 For the period after 1945, there is growing interest in the meaning of the

in Vaccinating Britain
Open Access (free)
Paul Greenough, Stuart Blume, and Christine Holmberg

of Immunity ; T. J. Keefe and M. W. Zacher, The Politics of Global Health Governance: United by Contagion (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008); R. Packard, ‘Post-colonial Medicine’, Cooter and Pickstone (eds), Companion Encyclopedia of Medicine in the Twentieth Century , pp. 97–112. 25 World Health

in The politics of vaccination