Search results

New narratives on health, care and citizenship in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries

This edited volume offers the first comprehensive historical overview of the Belgian medical field in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Its chapters develop narratives that go beyond traditional representations of medicine in national overviews, which have focused mostly on state–profession interactions. Instead, the chapters bring more complex histories of health, care and citizenship. These new histories explore the relation between medicine and a variety of sociopolitical and cultural views and realities, treating themes such as gender, religion, disability, media, colonialism, education and social activism. The novelty of the book lies in its thorough attention to the (too often little studied) second half of the twentieth century and to the multiplicity of actors, places and media involved in the medical field. In assembling a variety of new scholarship, the book also makes a contribution to ‘decentring’ the European historiography of medicine by adding the perspective of a particular country – Belgium – to the literature.

Open Access (free)
The Algerian war and the ‘emancipation’ of Muslim women, 1954–62
Author: Neil Macmaster

In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.

Open Access (free)
Crossing the margins
Glenda Norquay and Gerry Smyth

important respects by the French Annales and by the rise during the 1960s of ‘history from below’, and motivated in part by the crisis attending established political structures, historians (especially of the medieval and early modern periods) became concerned to trace the evolution of a disparate set of cultural and political factors which has impacted upon island life, factors which are not apprehensible, or alone apprehensible, in terms of the established national identities. As John Morrill writes: ‘Englishness is self-evidently the product of the complex interactions

in Across the margins
Open Access (free)
Kirsti Bohata, Alexandra Jones, Mike Mantin, and Steven Thompson

characters and as a metaphor for the industry. However, the vast majority of primary sources offer a top-down perspective, concerned with disability but where disabled voices are silent and disabled lives are accessible only in ‘shadow form’. For this historically marginalised group, this is an issue that all disability historians are confronted with, but methodologies borrowed from ‘history from below’, in which sources are read ‘against the grain’ in order to extract some sort of meaning about the objects of these sources, can help turn such sources to our advantage

in Disability in industrial Britain
Open Access (free)
An introduction
Saurabh Dube

histories from below,” especially its British variants, an opening programmatic statement defined the aim of the endeavor as an effort “to promote a systematic and informed discussion of subaltern themes in the field of South Asian Studies to rectify the elitist bias of much research and academic work.” 23 Here, the category of the subaltern, derived from the writings of

in Subjects of modernity
Nils Freytag

Trier see Andreas Heinz, ‘Das Ende der “figurierten” Karfreitagsprozessionen im Kurfürstentum Trier unter Erzbischof Clemens Wenzeslaus (1768–1802)’, AmrhKG 44 (1992) 177–88. 45 See Roy Porter, ‘The Patient’s View: Doing Medical History From Below’, Theory and Society 14 (1985) 175–98. 46

in Witchcraft Continued
Michael Woolcock, Simon Szreter, and Vijayendra Rao

-modernist historians, such as those from Subaltern Studies, have taught us a great deal about issues that are at the heart of contemporary development concerns. Extending the longer tradition of ‘history from below’ exemplified by Bayly 01_Tonra 01 21/06/2011 10:15 Page 7 How and why history matters for development policy the work of E.P. Thomson, Subaltern scholars have demonstrated, among other things, that colonial subjects developed intellectual traditions and movements that often ran counter to the dominant colonial discourse (Sarkar 1983), and that this laid the foundations

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
Neil Macmaster

:16:11 Introduction 25 40 See in particular the theses and publications of Diane Sambron and Ryme Seferdjeli referred to later. 41 Marnia Lazreg has warned of the potential pitfalls of such a project in ‘Feminism and Difference: The Perils of Writing as a Woman on Women in Algeria’, Feminist Studies, 14: 1 (Spring 1988), 81–107, although she attempted such a study in, The Eloquence of Silence. Algerian Women in Question (New York: Routledge, 1994); on the problems of an Algerian historyfrom below’ see also Fanny Colonna, ‘The Nation’s “Unknowing Other”. Three Intellectuals and

in Burning the veil
Open Access (free)
Street and theatre at the end of Fordism
David Calder

of Vichy and Nazi collaboration.6 The editors of immigrant magazine Sans Frontière (founded in 1979) created a regular feature, ‘Mémoire Immigré,’ dedicated to narratives of working-class immigrant lives, personal testimonies, and family histories.7 Labour historians drew on oral histories of factory workers to write ‘history from below.’ Memoirs of rural and peasant life became national bestsellers, and in some cases their authors became television celebrities.8 The proliferation and consumption of memory work responded to the imminent disappearance or radical

in Street theatre and the production of postindustrial space
Kirsti Bohata, Alexandra Jones, Mike Mantin, and Steven Thompson

.32 In none of this labour history is there much attention given to the material circumstances of life for individual miners and their families, or to the more mundane but crucially important work carried out by branch or lodge officials in defence of the individual worker with a grievance.33 Perhaps ironically, considering the commitment to history from below, historians of trade unions have not studied labour politics from the viewpoint of individual union members and have failed to appreciate what trade unions did for, or meant to, individual members on a day

in Disability in industrial Britain