Search results

A new history of knowledge

This book tells the story of how modern environmentalism emerged in postwar Sweden. It shows that the ‘environmental turn’ in Sweden occurred as early as the autumn of 1967 and that natural scientists led the way. The most influential was the chemist Hans Palmstierna, who was both an active Social Democrat and a regular contributor to the nation’s leading morning paper. Thus, he had a unique platform from which to exert influence. Drawing on his rich and previously untapped personal archive, the book explores how popular environmental engagement developed in Sweden. The book also highlights the journalist Barbro Soller, who in the mid-1960s became Sweden’s – and indeed one of the world’s – first environmental journalists. Moreover, it demonstrates how the pioneering historian Birgitta Odén, in collaboration with the Swedish National Defence Research Institute, sought to launch an interdisciplinary research programme based in the humanities and the social sciences as early as 1967–1968. An important conclusion of the book is that environmentalism emerged in Swedish society before there was an actual environmental movement. However, from 1969 onwards new social movements began to alter the dynamics. Hence, by the time the United Nations arranged the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment in June 1972, environmental knowledge had become a source of conflict between rival interests. The environmental turn in postwar Sweden is the first full-length study to emerge from the Lund Centre for the History of Knowledge (LUCK), and demonstrates how its specific take on the history of knowledge enhances historical scholarship.

Open Access (free)
David Larsson Heidenblad

effects. 17 This view of the history of knowledge does not constitute a radical break with established research traditions. There is great interest in studying publics, media, and public actors, not least within current sociologically inspired research into the history of science. 18 Despite this, comprehensive studies of social breakthroughs of knowledge are unusual, especially in the subject of history, the discipline in which I myself operate and was trained. It is far more common for historians to study discourses

in The environmental turn in postwar Sweden

The dynamic processes of knowledge production in archaeology and elsewhere in the humanities and social sciences are increasingly viewed within the context of negotiation, cooperation and exchange, as the collaborative effort of groups, clusters and communities of scholars. Shifting focus from the individual scholar to the wider social contexts of her work, this volume investigates the importance of informal networks and conversation in the creation of knowledge about the past, and takes a closer look at the dynamic interaction and exchange that takes place between individuals, groups and clusters of scholars in the wider social settings of scientific work. Various aspects of and mechanisms at work behind the interaction and exchange that takes place between the individual scholar and her community, and the creative processes that such encounters trigger, are critically examined in eleven chapters which draw on a wide spectrum of examples from Europe and North America: from early modern antiquarians to archaeological societies and practitioners at work during the formative years of the modern archaeological disciplines and more recent examples from the twentieth century. The individual chapters engage with theoretical approaches to scientific creativity, knowledge production and interaction such as sociology and geographies of science, and actor-network theory (ANT) in their examination of individual–collective interplay. The book caters to readers both from within and outside the archaeological disciplines; primarily intended for researchers, teachers and students in archaeology, anthropology, classics and the history of science, it will also be of interest to the general reader.

Open Access (free)
Theatre and the politics of engagement
Author: Simon Parry

This book is about science in theatre and performance. It explores how theatre and performance engage with emerging scientific themes from artificial intelligence to genetics and climate change. The book covers a wide range of performance forms from the spectacle of the Paralympics Opening Ceremony to Broadway musicals, from experimental contemporary performance and opera to educational theatre, Somali poetic drama and grime videos. It features work by pioneering companies including Gob Squad, Headlong Theatre and Theatre of Debate as well as offering fresh analysis of global blockbusters such as Wicked and Urinetown. The book offers detailed description and analysis of theatre and performance practices as well as broader commentary on the politics of theatre as public engagement with science. It documents important examples of collaborative practice with extended discussion of the Theatre of Debate process developed by Y Touring theatre company, exploration of bilingual theatre-making in East London and an account of how grime MCs and dermatologists ended up making a film together in Birmingham. The interdisciplinary approach draws on contemporary research in theatre and performance studies in combination with key ideas from science studies. It shows how theatre can offer important perspectives on what the philosopher of science Isabelle Stengers has called ‘cosmopolitics’. The book argues that theatre can flatten knowledge hierarchies and hold together different ways of knowing.

Open Access (free)
Mark B. Brown

‘constructivist turn’ in democratic representation: A normative dead end? Constellations, 22(4), 487–499. Golinski, J. (2005). Making Natural Knowledge: Constructivism and the History of Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Mill, J. S. (1978 [1859]). On Liberty, ed. by E. Rapaport (originally published 1859). Indianapolis, IN: Hackett. Rosanvallon, P. (2011). Democratic Legitimacy: Impartiality, Reflexivity, Proximity, trans. by A. Goldhammer. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Saward, M. (2010). The Representative Claim. Oxford: Oxford University Press

in Science and the politics of openness
Open Access (free)
Post-concepts in historical perspective
Herman Paul

humaines et sociales: des disciplines du contexte?’, Revue d’histoire des sciences humaines , 30 (2017), 7–29. See also Rens Bod et al., ‘A New Field: History of Humanities’, History of Humanities , 1 (2016), 1–8. 50 Lorraine Daston, ‘The History of Science and the History of Knowledge’, KNOW , 1 (2017), 131–54. See also ‘History of Science or History of Knowledge?’, special issue of Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte , 42 (2019), 109–270; Johan Östling et al. (eds

in Post-everything
Open Access (free)
Clusters of knowledge
Julia Roberts and Kathleen Sheppard

how relationships within scientific networks operate depending on where they were built, where they operate, and where and how their knowledge is spread. To do this, it is crucial to understand who is interacting at different types of site, such as universities, excavation sites, museum offices, private homes, hotels or formal scholarly meetings. But what happens once those ideas leave specific spaces? Throughout the history of science, practitioners – both amateurs and professionals – have shared knowledge with their scholarly communities through various forms of

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Open Access (free)
Simona Giordano, John Harris, and Lucio Piccirillo

been used in war, calls into question the morality of scientific goals (or at least the morality of how scientific innovation can be used, and of how people come to be empowered to make decisions about how it is used). The history of science is replete with such atrocities (Frewer and Schmidt 2007). We may remember the case of Hideyo Noguchi, employed in the 1920s at the Rockefeller Institute, who infected hundreds of patients in New York’s hospitals with syphilis for ‘research purposes’ (Corbellini and Lalli 2016). During the early 1900s several hundred people were

in The freedom of scientific research
Open Access (free)
Martin D. Moore

: Chronic Disease and Slow Death in Nineteenth-Century France (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2009). 7 D. Fox, Health Policies, Health Politics: The British and American Experience, 1911–1965 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986); S. Sturdy and R. Cooter, ‘Science, scientific management and the transformation of medicine in Britain, c.1870–1950’, History of Science , 36:4 (1998), 421–66; C. Lawrence, Rockefeller Money, The Laboratory and Medicine in Edinburgh, 1919–1930: New Science in an Old Country (New York: University

in Managing diabetes, managing medicine
Open Access (free)
Sabine Clarke

-funded research would enable Britain’s Caribbean colonies to participate in the emerging ‘brave new synthetic world’, and in doing so these places would find their economic fortunes revived. 2 By exploring post-war visions of economic development for the British Caribbean colonies this work produces a rethinking of our wider understanding of the history of science and development in the twentieth century. Despite the rise of development as a universal ideal for the Global South and the emergence of development studies as a major scholarly field, we employ a narrative of past

in Science at the end of empire