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Catherine Akurut

implementing any strategies within humanitarian settings and lack the flexibility to adapt to include men. That women constitute the higher percentage of those who experience CRSV has become such a normalised and accepted truth that it is used as a justification for overlooking CRSV/M in humanitarian responses ( Apperley, 2015 : 95). The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) humanitarian Guidelines of 2015 does signpost the plight of men. However, they need to disseminate

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sophie Roborgh

monitoring approach, or whether a more discerning one is warranted. Methodology This paper draws on an analysis of scholarly literature, policy documents, media and social media. The analysis is also informed by interviews with 32 individuals, who were predominantly healthcare workers and representatives of organisations active in the medical-humanitarian response in northern Syria. Interviews were conducted in the period January to June 2017, mostly in the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

are pursued or rejected, volatile or stable, won, contested or undermined, hoarded or distributed, and how they change over time ( Boissevain, 1974 ; Ferguson, 1994 ; Lewis and Mosse 2006 ; Olivier de Sardan, 2005 ). Theories of international development, humanitarian response and health communication highlight the role of local leaders as brokers of acceptability and access. However, these theories’ models of community engagement are often based on fixed

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Framework for Measuring Effectiveness in Humanitarian Response
Vincenzo Bollettino and Birthe Anders

measure effectiveness in humanitarian civil–military engagements – meaning engagement between civilian and military actors either in a humanitarian response or for humanitarian purposes. Three key questions drive this research: (1) When and under what circumstances is civil–military coordination effective? (2) Which metrics are best suited to understanding civil–military engagement? and (3) Can examples of effective civil–military coordination be replicated in different environments? To address these questions, the paper outlines a framework of indicators to measure the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Fernando Espada

and that only presents mixed results in the so-called civil–military coordination in humanitarian responses. The challenge for humanitarian agencies to work effectively and according to their missions and principles while cohabitating the same spaces (geographical and others) as military and non-state armed actors has been a headache for decades. Contexts of violent conflict are usually examples of all that can go wrong when civil–military coordination is not prioritised. But those are not the only contexts where humanitarian agencies struggle to find and protect

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

perspective of non-government actors involved in the implementation of humanitarian response programmes. The first challenge relates to the meaning of innovation itself and how the sector interprets and applies the action of innovating. The second challenge concerns the changing nature of humanitarian assistance. This article posits that humanitarian action is losing efficacy not because of poor design or implementation but due to the changing nature of the context that requires

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Róisín Read

a ‘women’s’ issue to take account of the ways that gender is a structuring concept which impacts all and has complex and intersectional effects. The focus on sexual violence against men in two of the pieces is a timely reminder to think about the gendered nature of violence and the gendered nature of humanitarian responses to it. Catherine Akurut reviews the current literature on conflict-related sexual violence against men, importantly calling into question the ways in which the humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanity and Solidarity
Tanja R. Müller and Róisín Read

( Müller, 2013 ; Thompson, 2014 ; Desgrandchamps et al. , 2020 ). Thus, these new conflicts should not let us forget that longer standing conflicts and the displacements these caused are a current issue of equal importance. The first research article in this issue by Sidhva et al. reminds us of the ongoing challenges the war in Syria and the exile of many Syrian population groups in Jordan poses, often exacerbated by ill-advised humanitarian responses. Looking at the various roles Syrian rural and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell, and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

Introduction The 2010 Haiti earthquake has been described as a ‘game changer’ for the implementation of technologies in humanitarian response ( Sandvik, 2014 : 26). Established and emergent information and communication technology (ICT) applications were employed in the earthquake’s aftermath and ‘relief efforts quickly became a living laboratory for new applications of SMS texting, interactive online maps and radio-cell phone hybrids’ ( Nelson

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Building High-tech Castles in the Air?
Anisa Jabeen Nasir Jafar

that a familiar interface becomes simpler, quicker and more suited to the situation. However, any experience of electronic systems in healthcare demonstrates that along with the exceptional broader benefits there are often minor hitches at the human-interface end, which can really slow things down, such as insufficient battery charge, printer malfunction and basic unfamiliarity with the system. Let us now translate this narrative across to international humanitarian response wherein

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs