Open Access (free)
Laughing and Grinning through “Sonny’s Blues”
James Nikopoulos

The protagonists in James Baldwin’s 1957 short story “Sonny’s Blues” are constantly smiling and laughing. The story’s narrator notices these gestures and utilizes them to grasp at clarity when clarity seems out of reach. This article examines the narrator’s focus on this duo of facial expressions which reliably denote positive emotion. The relationship we maintain between our smiles and our laughter structures many of the narrator’s interactions with the story’s hero. More though, this relationship between smiles, laughter, and a kind of joy resembles the relationship Baldwin has described between the blues and the world this genre of music depicts.

James Baldwin Review
Open Access (free)
Valérie Gorin
Sönke Kunkel

). Schwarz , K. C. and Richey , L. A. ( 2019 ), ‘ Humanitarian Humor, Digilantism, and the Dilemmas of Representing Volunteer Tourism on Social Media ’, New Media & Society , 21 : 9 , 1928 – 46 . Sliwinski , S. ( 2011

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Farah Karim-Cooper

, is discussed in this collection by Natalie Eschenbaum in her chapter on Robert Herrick. Herrick suggests that ‘to sensually engage with things or people is usually to infuse with them, to melt into them, to liquefy’ (p. 115); here the double nature of the senses seems to be invoked deliberately by Herrick in order to express the nature of desire. Equally, the process of sense perception is bound up with the humoral condition of an individual subject. Some of the chapters in this volume are right, MUP_Smith_Printer.indd 218 02/04/2015 16:18 Afterword 219

in The senses in early modern England, 1558–1660
Open Access (free)
Theatre and the politics of engagement

This book is about science in theatre and performance. It explores how theatre and performance engage with emerging scientific themes from artificial intelligence to genetics and climate change. The book covers a wide range of performance forms from the spectacle of the Paralympics Opening Ceremony to Broadway musicals, from experimental contemporary performance and opera to educational theatre, Somali poetic drama and grime videos. It features work by pioneering companies including Gob Squad, Headlong Theatre and Theatre of Debate as well as offering fresh analysis of global blockbusters such as Wicked and Urinetown. The book offers detailed description and analysis of theatre and performance practices as well as broader commentary on the politics of theatre as public engagement with science. It documents important examples of collaborative practice with extended discussion of the Theatre of Debate process developed by Y Touring theatre company, exploration of bilingual theatre-making in East London and an account of how grime MCs and dermatologists ended up making a film together in Birmingham. The interdisciplinary approach draws on contemporary research in theatre and performance studies in combination with key ideas from science studies. It shows how theatre can offer important perspectives on what the philosopher of science Isabelle Stengers has called ‘cosmopolitics’. The book argues that theatre can flatten knowledge hierarchies and hold together different ways of knowing.

Open Access (free)
Troubling race, ethnicity, and masculinity in Beowulf
Catalin Taranu

John W. Tanke, ‘ Wonfeax wale : ideology and figuration in the sexual riddles of the Exeter Book’, in Britton J. Harwood and Gillian R. Overing (eds), Class and gender in early English literature: intersections (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1994), pp. 21–39, at 24. 30 Nina Rulon-Miller, ‘Sexual humor and fettered desire in Exeter Book Riddle 12’, in Jonathon Wilcox (ed.), Humour in Anglo-Saxon literature (Cambridge

in Dating Beowulf
Open Access (free)
Becoming an “old maid”
Kinneret Lahad

, and insoluble cultural trope. Indeed, cartoons, jokes, and horror stories about “old” single women are widely accepted and disseminated, a cautionary reminder for women concerning the specter of being single in old age and what looms ahead for them. In that light, single women are often the subject of caustic remarks, sardonic humor, patronage, and scorn, because they are seen to pose the constant threat of pervasive perversion to the normative societal order. This chapter asks what gives this powerful stereotypical image so much discursive force and makes it so

in A table for one
Natalie K. Eschenbaum

something was to invite the ‘vaporous fluid spiritus’ to course through, and to necessarily affect, your entire body. The effect would be felt with the ‘excitation […] of the body’s four humors according to whether the heart dilated in desire or contracted in avoidance’. And then you would experience ‘this rush of humors throughout the body as passion of one sort or another’.23 In this way, seventeenth-century sensation is akin to liquefaction, as Herrick suggests in his verse. Herrick may or may not have read Lucretius, but he certainly was aware of Galenic theories of

in The senses in early modern England, 1558–1660
Open Access (free)
The soundscape of Ingmar Bergman’s Smiles of a Summer Night
Alexis Luko

film was a huge international success, winning praise with a European Film Award and the Cannes award for Best Poetic Humor in 1956. See Bergman, The Magic Lantern , p. 339. 4 For A Lesson in Love (1954), he claims in The Magic Lantern that he learned to trust the comedic instincts of his actors, Eva Dahlbeck and Gunnar Björnstrand, p. 342. 5 Similarly, the Prologue of A Lesson in Love also states that ‘ Lesson could have been

in Ingmar Bergman
Open Access (free)
Thomas Dumm

living here.” Let me repeat, I deeply suspect you know these things. But, for some reason, you seem to persist in pretending otherwise. This pretense troubles me, because it suggests that you are burdened by some fear that lies beyond the ken of your critique of film. I think this in part is because the quality of humor contained in your essay hesitates at that threshold where we

in Cinema, democracy and perfectionism
Open Access (free)
Balancing the self in the twentieth century
Mark Jackson
Martin D. Moore

through conformity rather than transgression, by regulating rather than expressing emotions, and by harmonising the interests of the self with those of the state through what Elisabeth Hsu has referred to, in the context of older humoral theories of balance, as the ‘medico-moral nexus of moderation’. 12 In an increasingly individualised, liquid society in which self-interest and self-fulfilment – however desirable – might disrupt social order, balance operated as a ‘catchall term’, 13

in Balancing the self