Open Access (free)
Ontologies of connection, reconstruction of memory
Jeremy C.A. Smith

132 6 Pacific imaginaries: ontologies of connection, reconstruction of memory It is remarkable that the Pacific is almost entirely absent from contemporary civilisational analysis, especially given its evident importance to anthropology, to archaeology and to Durkheim and Mauss –​two formative thinkers in the paradigm. But new world contexts more generally are still marginal to civilisational analysis. The lacuna relates to the strengths and limitations of the three images of civilisations discussed in Chapters 2 and 3. American and Pacific new worlds were

in Debating civilisations
Sidi NDiaye

This article describes the brutalisation of the bodies of Tutsi and Jewish victims in 1994 and during the Second World War, respectively, and contrasts the procedures adopted by killers to understand what these deadly practices say about the imaginaries at work in Rwanda and Poland. Dealing with the infernalisation of the body, which eventually becomes a form of physical control, this comparative work examines the development of groups and communities of killers in their particular social and historical context. Different sources are used, such as academic works, reports from victims organisations and non-governmental organisations, books, testimonies and film documentaries.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Sharon Weinblum

: how have exclusionary policies been justified in the Israeli political discourse? To which other elements have the mobility of asylum seekers and the policies in place been connected in political discourse and with what effects? How has the imaginary of the border, detention, and deportation played out in the discourse surrounding the issue of asylum seekers? By its approach, this contribution is in

in Security/ Mobility
Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

) 1 and the provision of security in ‘the field’, though these have been mainly geared towards international staff rather than locally hired personnel. As we explore below, the dominant approach to risk and security is premised on an imaginary of humanitarian, development and peacebuilding work that goes back to its early years. This imaginary posits the work as performed mainly by white, able-bodied, heterosexual, male staff from the Global North who enter conflict- or

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interrogating civilisational analysis in a global age

Contemporary civilisational analysis has emerged in the post-Cold War period as a forming but already controversial field of scholarship. This book focuses on the scholarship produced in this field since the 1970s. It begins with anthropological axioms posited by Ibn Khaldun, Simon Bolivar and George Pachymeres. Three conceptual images of civilisations are prominent in the field. First, civilisations are conceived as socio-cultural units, entities or blocs in an 'integrationist' image. They emerge out of long-term uneven historical processes. Finally, in a 'relational' image civilisations are believed to gain definition and institute developmental patterns through inter-societal and inter-cultural encounters. The book traces the history of semantic developments of the notions of 'civilisation' and 'civilisations' coextensive with the expansion of Europe's empires and consubstantial with colonialism. Early modernities are more important in the long formation of capitalism. Outlining the conceptual framework of inter-civilisational engagement, the book analytically plots the ties instituted by human imaginaries across four dimensions of inter-civilisational engagement. It also interrogates the relationship between oceans, seas and civilisations. Oceanian civilisation exhibits patterns of deep engagement and connection. Though damaged, Pacific cultures have invoked their own counter-imaginary in closer proximity to past islander experiences. Collective memory provides resources for coping with critical issues. The book also explores Latin American and Japanese experiences that shed light on the engagement of civilisations, applying the model of inter-civilisational engagement to modern perspectives in culture and the arts, politics, theology and political economy.

Open Access (free)
Róisín Read

imaginary of humanitarian, development and peacebuilding work’ carried out by ‘white, able-bodied, heterosexual, male staff from the Global North’ (page 4) that no longer reflect the realities of the way this work is done, if it ever did. They note, reinforcing the points made by Riley, that for many the threat comes from within the sector itself, something security training fails to take account of. They call for more inclusive representation in the humanitarian security sector to ‘help to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Bert Ingelaere

language by knowing syntax, grammar, etc.), on the other hand it also means that one is familiar with the use of language, thus that one masters the codes of communicating ( Rukebesha, 1985 ; Nkusi, 1987 ; Ntampaka, 1999 ). A second and probably more important element in these Rwandan ethics of communication was (and still is) the concept of ubwenge. Ubwenge can be considered an essential form in the local social imaginary that defines – in a tacit fashion – how things go on between people and the expectations one has of the other. Ubwenge is a complex notion

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
José Luís Fiori

lessons that transcend the time and place of its creation and even transcend its original religious function. This is certainly the case with the Judeo-Christian version of the myth of Babel. 3 Set in an imaginary context, it describes a universal ‘syndrome’ of the struggle for power. It is suggestive for those who seek to explain recent changes in international relations and in the security strategy of the US. According to the myth of the Tower of Babel, humanity, after the Great Flood, was united and spoke just one language and had just one

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Brendan T. Lawson

also sits in relation to the other. Knowledge production, however flawed, is essential to humanitarian governance. The increasing reliance on the quantitative in governance has knock-on effects for the humanitarian sector itself, while the broad concept of ‘meaning’ underpins much of the hopes, desires, imaginaries and dreams of quantification that underpin strands one, two and three. Within each strand, I have also put forward some suggestions for future work. Within

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

technologically possible and what is imagined to be so, engender a permissive imaginary when intrusive uses for intimate tracking devices in the Global South are conceptualised and legitimated. In a series of remarkable passages in a recent article called ‘The Application of Wearable Technologies to Improve Healthcare in the World’s Poorest People. Technology and Investment’, as part of a case study on the Kibera slum in Nairobi, Levine imagines a series of uses for aid wearables

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs