Sunil S. Amrith

Bayly 05_Tonra 01 21/06/2011 10:22 Page 125 5 Health in India since independence 1 Sunil S. Amrith We recognise health as an inalienable human right that every individual can justly claim. So long as wide health inequalities exist in our country and access to essential health care is not universally assured, we would fall short in both economic planning and in our moral obligation to all citizens. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, October 20052 This chapter suggests that a historical perspective on health policy in independent India can help to explain a

in History, historians and development policy
Neil Macmaster

11 The post-independence state and the conservative marginalisation of women This chapter examines first how it was that the structure of the ‘traditional’ extended family and its values, often referred to as ‘neopatriarchy’, was able to adapt in a dynamic way to the challenge of rapid social and economic change. This survival helps to explain why patterns of male domination remained so all-powerful and generalised within Algerian society, so that politically vulnerable post-independence governments preferred not to challenge the status quo on the position and

in Burning the veil
Patrick Doyle

's dream of Home Rule. Instead, a new generation demanded a more advanced form of political independence in the shape of an Irish Republic. While Sinn Fein's rise appeared to mark a break in Irish political culture, the party's attempt to establish a new hegemonic agenda for Ireland drew on older traditions that included agrarian populism, revolutionary Fenianism and the urbane intellectualism of the party's founder, Arthur Griffith. Within this grand project, co-operative thought helped to shape the new variant of mainstream nationalism and formed

in Civilising rural Ireland
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

On intervention The intervention of Britain, Russia and France in the Greek War of Independence is regarded as the first armed intervention on humanitarian grounds in world history (as depicted by publicists from Wheaton onwards) and it took place prior to the appearance of the new concept of humanitarian intervention. As such it was pace-setting. From the Congress of Vienna (1814–15) until the outbreak of the Greek War of Independence

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
David Rieff

of a multipolar world poses an immediate challenge to the UN and Bretton Woods systems, as well as the Western hegemony they have sustained. And it should be obvious that this will have a profound effect on the relief world, if it hasn’t already. Humanitarian independence has always been a relative concept at best. 3 For despite all their critical thinking about, and intermittently principled resistance to, the demands of major Western powers, relief agencies have operated to a very considerable degree under the direct aegis of these powers. But

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
An Excerpt from Bill V. Mullen’s New Biography, James Baldwin: Living in Fire, and an Interview with the Author
Bill V. Mullen

This excerpt from James Baldwin: Living in Fire details a key juncture in Baldwin’s life, 1957–59, when he was transformed by a visit to the South to write about the civil rights movement while grappling with the meaning of the Algerian Revolution. The excerpt shows Baldwin understanding black and Arab liberation struggles as simultaneous and parallel moments in the rise of Third World, anti-colonial and anti-racist U.S. politics. It also shows Baldwin’s emotional and psychological vulnerability to repressive state violence experienced by black and Arab citizens in the U.S., France, and Algiers.

James Baldwin Review
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

human beings. That is its primary role, and that is what it does. It is hard to see why any NGOs should agree to help them promote that kind of death sentence. The Principles: Compass or Symbol? ‘Humanitarian principles’ are also invoked by organisations claiming adherence to IHL, which point to neutrality, independence and impartiality, along with humanity, as an ethical framework, a guarantee of safety and a guide to their action in the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

the Biafran war. Bertrand: Arua, why does the Biafran war matter from a Nigerian perspective? Arua: Yes, that’s a very interesting question. Yesterday was 15 January 2020 and exactly 50 years since the war ended officially. It means a lot because, from the Nigerian perspective, the war appears not to have ended. You are aware that the agitation for the independence of Biafra is still going on in Nigeria and, in fact, has taken a drastically global dimension

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

though the international community had found its way to the capital, Hargeisa, Somaliland had arguably become the most stable democracy in the region, even as it awaited international recognition of its independence. It seemed to me, therefore, that the most salient question was not how intervention could be more effective and efficient, but whether it was necessary in the first place. Was Western presence itself constitutive of the problems facing ‘host’ countries? In her recent book Decolonising Intervention: International Statebuilding in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
José Luís Fiori

Westphalia was signed by approximately 150 European ‘territorial authorities’, but at that time there were only six or seven modern states. After the Napoleonic Wars, at the beginning of the ‘imperialist age’ (1840–1914), this number increased due to the independence of American states, and at the end of the Second World War the UN Charter was signed by 50 independent states. It was in the second half of the twentieth century that the inter-state system expanded more rapidly. Today there are almost 200 sovereign states with a seat at the UN

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs